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Sozialkapital zur Sprache gebracht - eine bedeutungstheoretische Perspektive auf ein sozialwissenschaftliches Begriffs- und Theorieproblem

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ISBN: 9783938616796 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The term "social capital" has become a buzzword with a huge, already diffuse spectrum of application. This should give reason for conceptual and theoretical vigilance. What – in concrete - is the object when "social capital" is mentioned? This question has not been systematically dealt with and even less responsed in a satisfactory degree, although there are many contributions to the discussion of the term. The problem is labelled in the social sciences, but has not been resolved in the context of the specific social-scientific framework. This book takes the neglected metalinguistic perspective. Thus it advances the scientific maturity of the "social capital" debate and contributes to the establishment of a well-founded system in social science terms. It brings up social capital by combining an epistemological and ontological analysis and thus finally develops clarification of the concept.

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social capital --- theory

Dimensionen der Erziehung und Bildung

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ISBN: 9783938616000 3938616008 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Central historical, biographical and school-related aspects of formation and education are brought together in this work to point to the diversity of educational sciences. Tradition and innovation are recurrent themes in all the articles. As Friedrich Schleiermacher puts it in his understanding of generations as constituent aspect of pedagogy itself: only who fathoms the tradition and who is aware of the tradition will be able to be innovative – and only an innovative person is able to recognize tradition.Central historical, biographical and school-related aspects of formation and education are brought together in this work to point to the diversity of educational sciences. Tradition and innovation are recurrent themes in all the articles. As Friedrich Schleiermacher puts it in his understanding of generations as constituent aspect of pedagogy itself: only who fathoms the tradition and who is aware of the tradition will be able to be innovative – and only an innovative person is able to recognize tradition.

Kants Einleitung in die Rechtslehre von 1784 - Immanuel Kants Rechtsbegriff in der Moralvorlesung „Mrongovius II“ und der Naturrechtsvorlesung „Feyerabend“ von 1784 sowie in der „Metaphysik der Sitten“ von 1797

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ISBN: 9783863950699 Year: Pages: 137 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:18
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1797 erscheint mit den Metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre Immanuel Kants rechtsphilosophisches Hauptwerk. Nicht selten begegnet man daher der Auffassung, Kants Rechtsphilosophie entstamme im Wesentlichen seiner Spätphase und sei überdies nur schwer mit der kritischen Moralphilosophie der 1780er Jahre in Einklang zu bringen. Vor diesem Hintergrund widmet sich die vorliegende Untersuchung dem Vergleich des kantischen Rechtsbegriffs, wie er 1797 in der Einleitung in die Rechtslehre vorgestellt wird, mit Kants Ausführungen in den Vorlesungsnachschriften Moral-Mrongovius II und Naturrecht-Feyerabend aus dem Jahre 1784. Dabei kann nachgewiesen werden, dass der Rechtsbegriff von 1797 bereits 1784 ausgearbeitet war. Mehr noch: Es zeigt sich, dass Kants Rechtsbegriff nicht nur bereits in der Phase seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie vorlag, sondern vielmehr in einem Guss mit ihr konzipiert wurde und wie diese auf dem kritischen Freiheitsbegriff basiert.

Komplexität modellieren - Faktorenanalyse am Scheideweg

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ISBN: 9783863950132 Year: Pages: 184 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Internal medicine --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The present study aims at disclosing a methodological prejudice which has misled factor analysis since its beginning. Simple structure, the guiding principle for factor rotation (Thurstone, 1935/1947), is regarded as a questionable dogma. The Thurstone principle impedes the discovery of latent sources of variance on which manifest empirical variables are based. This criticism is elucidated by theoretical considerations and by verbatim quotations of critical authors. The present calamity of factorial research is deemed to be due to general flaws of methodical reasoning. One-sided mathematical formalization in the discipline has lost its objectives by ignoring ordinary sources of knowledge and linguistic processing. The problem of simple structure cannot be solved by circumplex- and structural equation procedures which suffer from the same flaws as simple structure modelling. A paradigm change is overdue. An alternative factor transformation modeling complex structures is demanded, it will be delineated in chapter 2. This chapter is a sequel of chapter 1 (Ertel, 2009) in which varimax, the procedure of factor rotation commonly used to generate simple structure, is replaced with varimin. Varimin aims at manifesting interacting aspects of latent structural components. The model of complexity which is outlined by initial factor extractions is optimized. The new method raises a number of issues of which five are discussed at length. Are varimin factors interpretable Can latent sources of covariance, being complex already by initial solutions, be rendered more complex? Have simple structure solutions in common practice not been tolerable, to say the least? Varimin factor loadings are often bipolar. How to interpret the bipolarity of varimin factors? Does varimin reveal contributions of variance originating from methodical sources? Ten empirical applications of varimin transformation serve as examples. Particular features of transformation to complex structure, revealing latent sources of covariance (by varimin), are compared with pertinent results obtained from transformations to simple structure (by varimax). Varimax will remain useful merely for clustering objectives. Attention is also drawn to limitations of the methodical innovation. Eighteen matrices with intercorrelations of eight subtest variables of the intelligence test I-S-T, widely used in Germany, were subjected to principal component analysis, the resulting factors were rotated by varimin towards optimal complex structure. The 18 varimin solutions were aggregated, two factors resulted: Varimin-F1 represented a general factor g (‘general or basic intelligence’), varimin-F2 represented an achievement-modifying factor, obviously dependent on preceding educational training and learning (‘learning assets’, l). The validity of varimin-F1, general intelligence, was ascertained by high correlations between g and test scores of general intelligence, operationalized by culture-free tests CFT und FRT. The interpretation of varimin-F2 found support by significant correlations with learning-dependent school grades and scores in orthography and arithmetic. The 18 PCA-factors were also transformed by varimax to simple structure. This transformation caused a splitting up of initial g into two seemingly separate factors, called ‘fluid’ and ‘crystallized’ intelligence by convention. In addition, differences between varimax F1 (fluid) and F2 (crystallized) regarding correlations with external criteria (general intelligence vs. school grades, training scores in orthography and arithmetic) which should have emerged were missing. The aggregate of varimax results yielded an unexpected third factor with considerable weight which, however, turned out to be an artifact of simple structure. Apparently, simple structure modelling of intelligence test data blends general intelligence with learning effects. Rotation of intelligence data to simple structure does not reveal, as it should, independent c

Akademische Strenge und künstlerische Freiheit - die Gemälde des 19. Jahrhunderts in der Kunstsammlung der Universität Göttingen ; Bestandskatalog

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ISBN: 9783863951023 Year: Pages: 353 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Visual Arts --- History of arts --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-14 19:30:02
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Die Kunstsammlung der Universität Göttingen ist vor allem für ihren Bestand an Niederländischer Kunst des 17. Jahrhunderts bekannt. Dass sie darüber hinaus auch eine Kollektion von Gemälden des 19. Jahrhunderts umfasst, die einige wirkliche Schätze enthält, gleicht einer Neuentdeckung. Diese Kollektion wird hier erstmals in einem eigenen Bestandskatalog vorgestellt. Obwohl es sich um eine eher kleine Sammlung handelt, erweist sich diese doch als erstaunlich repräsentativ, um das Kunstverständnis des 19. Jahrhunderts mit seinen wechselnden Prämissen sowie kunsttheoretischen und künstlerischen Auseinandersetzungen an konkreten Kunstwerken aufzuzeigen. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt dabei die Gattungstheorie: Die seit der Frühen Neuzeit vertretene Ausdifferenzierung der Malerei in profane und religiöse Historie, Genre, Landschaft, Stillleben, Tierstück und Porträt wurde über das gesamte 19. Jahrhundert hinweg kontrovers diskutiert, blieb aber als wertsetzendes System lange präsent. Der vorliegende, von Dozenten und Studierenden des Kunstgeschichtlichen Seminars der Universität Göttingen gemeinsam erarbeitete Bestandskatalog nutzt die Gattungstheorie als „roten Faden“, um eine historische Perspektive auf den Bestand der Gemälde des 19. Jahrhunderts in der Göttinger Universitätskunstsammlung anzubieten.

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