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Migrating into Financial Markets: How Remittances Became a Development Tool

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ISBN: 9780520285460 9780520960930 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.5 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:27
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We understand very little about the billions of dollars that flow throughout the world from migrants back to their home countries. In this rigorous and illuminating work, Matt Bakker, an economic sociologist, examines how these migrant remittances—the resources of some of the world’s least affluent people—have come to be seen in recent years as a fundamental contributor to development in the migrant‑sending states of the global south. This book analyzes how the connection between remittances and development was forged through the concrete political and intellectual practices of policy entrepreneurs within a variety of institutional settings, from national government agencies and international development organizations to nongovernmental policy foundations and think tanks.

Equity, Growth, and Community: What the Nation Can Learn from America's Metro Areas

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ISBN: 9780520284418 9780520960046 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.6 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:13
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In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America’s metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.

Luxury and Rubble: Civility and Dispossession in the New Saigon

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ISBN: 9780520292512 9780520966017 9780520966017 9780520966017 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.20 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-06 11:01:08
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Luxury and Rubble is the tale of two cities in Ho Chi Minh City. It is the story of two planned, mixed-use residential and commercial developments that are changing the face of Vietnam’s largest city. Since the early 1990s, such developments have been steadily reorganizing urban landscapes across the country. For many Vietnamese, they are a symbol of the country’s emergence into global modernity and of post-socialist economic reforms. However, they are also sites of great contestation, sparking land disputes and controversies over how to compensate evicted residents. In this penetrating ethnography, Erik Harms vividly portrays the human costs of urban reorganization as he explores the complex and sometimes contradictory experiences of individuals grappling with the forces of privatization in a socialist country.

Unjust Conditions

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ISBN: 9780520296992 9780520969520 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.49 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Unjust Conditions follows the lives and labors of poor mothers in rural Peru, richly documenting the ordeals they face to participate in mainstream poverty alleviation programs. Championed by behavioral economists and the World Bank, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs are praised as efficient mechanisms for changing poor people’s behavior. While rooted in good intentions and dripping with the rhetoric of social inclusion, CCT programs’ successes ring hollow, based solely on metrics for children’s attendance at school and health appointments. Looking beyond these statistics reveals a host of hidden costs for the mothers who meet the conditions. With a poignant voice and keen focus on ethnographic research, Tara Patricia Cookson turns the reader’s gaze to women’s care work in landscapes of grossly inadequate state investment, cleverly drawing out the tensions between social inclusion and conditionality.

Mountain, Water, Rock, God

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ISBN: 9780520970151 9780520298026 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.61 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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In Mountain, Water, Rock, God, Luke Whitmore situates the disastrous flooding that fell on the Hindu Himalayan shrine of Kedarnath in 2013 within its broader religious and ecological contexts. For centuries, the enmeshing of Shiva with the Himalayan environment has animated how Hindus conceptualize and experience Kedarnath. The floods publicly affirmed the fundamentally Himalayan and Shiva-oriented character of this place. At the same time, the floods made it clear that the patterns of commercialization, development, and regulation of recent decades in Uttarakhand, patterns that arose in response to new statehood and an influx of middle-class pilgrims and tourists, were starkly out of place. People connected to Kedarnath today therefore understand both the floods and the recent short-sighted development that multiplied the impact of the floods both as the natural consequence of human fault and as an indication of a growing disconnect with the Himalayan environment and its resident divine powers. Whitmore explores the longer story of this powerful realm of Shiva through a holistic theoretical perspective that integrates phenomenological and systems-based approaches to the study of religion, pilgrimage, place, and ecology by thinking about Kedarnath as a place that is experienced as an ecosocial system characterized by complexity. He argues that close attention to places of religious significance offers a portable theoretical model for thinking through connections between ritual, narrative, climate change, tourism, religion, development, and disaster, and shows how these critical components of human life in the twenty-first century intersect in the human experience of place. 

Keywords

place --- Kedarnath --- Shiva --- ecology --- development --- disaster --- complexity --- pilgrimage --- tourism --- Hindu --- phenomenology --- Himalaya

The Pitfalls of Protection: Gender, Violence, and Power in Afghanistan

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ISBN: 9780520293199 9780520966390 9780520966390 9780520966390 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.32 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:07
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Since the 2001 overthrow of the Taliban government in Afghanistan, violence against women has emerged as the single most important issue for Afghan gender politics. The Pitfalls of Protection, based on research conducted in Afghanistan between 2009 and 2015, locates the struggles over gender violence in local and global power configurations. Torunn Wimpelmann finds that aid flows and geopolitics have served as both opportunities for and obstacles to feminist politics in Afghanistan. Showing why Afghan activists often chose to use the leverage of Western powers instead of entering into either protracted negotiations with powerful national actors or broad political mobilization, this book examines both the achievements and the limits of this strategy.

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