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Early Start

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ISBN: 9780472118724 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.813135 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100396
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:57
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In the United States, preschool education is characterized by the dominance of a variegated private sector and patchy, uncoordinated oversight of the public sector. Tracing the history of the American debate over preschool education, Andrew Karch argues that the current state of decentralization and fragmentation is the consequence of a chain of reactions and counterreactions to policy decisions dating from the late 1960s and early 1970s, when preschool advocates did not achieve their vision for a comprehensive national program but did manage to foster initiatives at both the state and national levels. Over time, beneficiaries of these initiatives and officials with jurisdiction over preschool education have become ardent defenders of the status quo. Today, advocates of greater government involvement must take on a diverse and entrenched set of constituencies resistant to policy change.

Veto Power

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Book Series: New Comparative Politics ISBN: 9780472117932 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.2012704 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100398
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:39
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Jonathan B. Slapin traces the historical development of the veto privilege in the EU and how a veto -or veto threat- has been employed in treaty negotiations of the past two decades. As he explains, the importance of veto power in treaty negotiations is one of the features that distinguishes the EU from other international organizations in which exit and expulsion threats play a greater role. At the same time, the prominence of veto power means that bargaining in the EU looks more like bargaining in a federal system. Slapin's findings have significant ramifications for the study of international negotiations, the design of international organizations, and European integration.

The Distinction of Peace

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Book Series: Configurations: Critical Studies of World Politics ISBN: 9780472073412 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.7484138 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100385
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:47
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“Peacebuilding” serves as a catch-all term to describe efforts by an array of international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and even agencies of foreign states to restore or construct a peaceful society in the wake – or even in the midst – of conflict. Despite this variety, practitioners consider themselves members of a global profession. In this study, Catherine Goetze investigates the genesis of peacebuilding as a professional field of expertise since the 1960s, its increasing influence, and the ways it reflects global power structures.&#xD;&#xD;Step-by-step, Goetze describes how the peacebuilding field came into being, how it defines who belongs to it and who does not, and what kind of group culture it has generated. Using an innovative and original methodology, she investigates the motivations of individuals who become peacebuilders, their professional trajectories and networks, and the ‘good peacebuilder’ as an ideal.

The Post-Conflict Environment

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ISBN: 9780472072231 9780472900893 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.5960287 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100891
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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In case studies focusing on contemporary crises spanning Africa, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe, the scholars in this volume examine the dominant prescriptive practices of late neoliberal post-conflict interventions—such as statebuilding, peacebuilding, transitional justice, refugee management, reconstruction, and redevelopment—and contend that the post-conflict environment is in fact created and sustained by this international technocratic paradigm of peacebuilding. Key international stakeholders—from activists to politicians, humanitarian agencies to financial institutions—characterize disparate sites as “weak,” “fragile,” or “failed” states and, as a result, prescribe peacebuilding techniques that paradoxically disable effective management of post-conflict spaces while perpetuating neoliberal political and economic conditions.

In The Red

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ISBN: 9780472130641 9780472900923 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9726915 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100858
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Why do rich countries flirt with fiscal disaster? Why did affluent countries – like Belgium, Greece, Italy or Japan – persistently accumulate so much debt between the 1970s and the 2000s, in times of peace and prosperity, that they became vulnerable and exposed themselves to the risk of default? In the past three decades, an extensive scholarly consensus emerged around the view that the answer is fiscal indiscipline, the lack of sufficient concern for budgetary constraints from policy makers as they try to please voters. Zsófia Barta argues that explaining why some countries accumulate substantial amounts of debt for decades hinges on understanding the conditions required to allow policy makers to successfully put into place painful adjustment measures.

Consumption and Violence

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Book Series: Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany ISBN: 9780472119417 9780472120543 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.6713536 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100926
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-20 11:02:35
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Combining the tools of political, social, cultural, and intellectual history, Consumption and Violence: Radical Protest in Cold-War West Germany explores strategies of legitimization developed by advocates of militant resistance to certain manifestations of consumer capitalism. The book contributes to a more sober evaluation of West German protest movements, not just terrorism, as it refrains from emotional and moral judgments, but takes the protesters’ approaches seriously, which, regarding consumer society, had a rational core. Political violence is not presented as the result of individual shortcomings, but emerges in relation to major societal changes, i.e., the unprecedented growth of consumption. This new perspective sheds important light on violence and radical protest in post-war Germany, as previous books have failed to examine to what extent these forms of resistance should be regarded as reactions to changing regimes of provision.

Guns, Democracy, and the Insurrectionist Idea

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ISBN: 9780472115723 9780472900886 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.180934 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100893
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-20 11:02:35
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When gun enthusiasts talk about constitutional liberties guaranteed by the Second Amendment, they are referring to freedom in a general sense, but they also have something more specific in mind---freedom from government oppression. They argue that the only way to keep federal authority in check is to arm individual citizens who can, if necessary, defend themselves from an aggressive government. In the past decade, this view of the proper relationship between government and individual rights and the insistence on a role for private violence in a democracy has been co-opted by the conservative movement. As a result, it has spread beyond extreme militia groups to influence state and national policy.&#xD;&#xD;In Guns, Democracy, and the Insurrectionist Idea, Joshua Horwitz and Casey Anderson set the record straight. They challenge the proposition that more guns equal more freedom and expose Insurrectionism as a true threat to freedom in the United States today.

Punishment and Political Order

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ISBN: 9780472099825 9780472901135 9780472901135 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.133501 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102013
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 08:17:52
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Most of us think of punishment as an ugly display of power. But punishment also tells us something about the ideals and aspirations of a people and their government. How a state punishes reveals whether or not it is confident in its own legitimacy and sovereignty. Punishment and Political Order examines the questions raised by the state’s exercise of punitive power—from what it is about human psychology that desires sanction and order to how the state can administer pain while calling for justice. Keally McBride's book demonstrates punishment's place at the core of political administration and the stated ideals of the polity.

Drones and Support for the Use of Force

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ISBN: 9780472131013 9780472901173 9780472901173 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9946611 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102042
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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Drones and Support for the Use of Force utilizes experimental research to analyze the effects of combat drones on Americans’ support for the use of force. The authors develop expectations drawn from social science theory and then assess these conjectures using a series of survey experiments. Their findings—that drones have had important but nuanced effects on support for the use of force—have implications for democratic control of military action and civil-military relations, and provide insight into how the development and proliferation of current and future military technologies influence the domestic politics of foreign policy.

Many Faces of Strategic Voting

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ISBN: 9780472131020 9780472901128 9780472901128 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9946117 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102039
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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Strategic voting is classically defined as “voting for one’s second preferred option to prevent one’s least preferred option from winning when one’s first preference has no chance.” Voters want their votes to be effective, and casting a ballot that will have no influence on an election is undesirable—therefore, some voters cast a strategic ballot when they decide it is useful.This edited volume includes case studies of strategic voting behavior in Israel, Germany, Japan, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland, Canada, and the UK, and provides a conceptual framework for understanding strategic voting behavior in all types of electoral systems.

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