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Politicizing Digital Space

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ISBN: 9781911534402 9781911534419 9781911534426 9781911534433 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.16997/book5 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Media and communication --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-08 11:01:52
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"The objective of this book is to outline how a radically democratic politics can be reinvigorated in theory and practice through the use of the internet. The author argues that politics in its proper sense can be distinguished from anti-politics by analyzing the configuration of public space, subjectivity, participation, and conflict. Each of these terrains can be configured in a more or less political manner, though the contemporary status quo heavily skews them towards anti-political configuration. Using this understanding of what exactly politics entails, this book considers how the internet can both help and hinder efforts to move each area in a more political direction. By explicitly interpreting contemporary theories of the political in terms of the internet, this analysis avoids the twin traps of both technological determinism and technological cynicism.
Raising awareness of what the word ‘politics’ means, the author develops theoretical work by Arendt, Rancière, Žižek and Mouffe to present a clear and coherent view of how in theory, politics can be digitized and alternatively how the internet can be deployed in the service of trulydemocratic politics."

Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data.

This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."

The Online Advertising Tax

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534860 9781911534860 9781911534877 9781911534884 Year: Pages: 33 DOI: 10.16997/book24 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Law --- Computer Science --- Philosophy --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Google and Facebook currently control close to two-thirds of global advertising revenue. While dominating the online advertising market, these two companies have thus far avoided paying adequate taxes.

This CAMRI policy brief presents a new policy innovation, the online advertising tax. Considering the key role of user activity and user data for the value of Google and Facebook’s services, it explains how digital advertising companies’ revenues could be taxed based on the respective country in which targeted users are located.

The author reviews existing policy arguments and policy options and sets out practical steps to ensure that tax avoidance by online advertising companies is mitigated. Furthermore, he illustrates how tax revenues could be used to support public service internet platforms."

The Online Advertising Tax as the Foundation of a Public Service Internet

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534945 9781911534938 9781911534945 9781911534952 9781911534969 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.16997/book23 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Law --- Computer Science --- Political Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Online advertising will soon form the largest share of global advertisement revenues. Google and Facebook netted profits of US $29 billion in 2016. While these two giants control more than 66% of all online advertising revenues complex legal company structures have minimised their tax liabilities. This extended policy report considers where they should be taxed and where the value of their activities is actually created. It argues that tax paid by those platforms should be levied in the country where platform users are located when they click on or view an advertisement. Furthermore, the report examines the practical steps needed to ensure transparent accounting of taxed transactions in order to avoid long term negative effects for media and democracy.

Considering counter-arguments the author makes the case for an online advertising tax alongside a public service Internet strategy that could support other viable platforms and counter the dangers of duopoly or oligopoly and the high risks of financial bubbles in a world where advertising is the Internet's dominant business model."

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