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Louis XIV and the Parlements: The assertion of royal authority

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ISBN: 9780719062353 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This is the first scholarly study of the political and economic relationship between Louis XIV and the parlements of France, the Parlement of Paris and all the provincial tribunals. The author explains how the king managed to overcome the century-old opposition of the parlements to new legislation, and to impose upon them the strict political discipline for which this reign, and only this reign, is known. Hurt shows that the king built upon that discipline to extract large sums of money from the judges in the parlements, notably in the form of forced loans and office sales, thus damaging their economic interests. When the king died in 1715, the regent, Philippe d'Orléans, after a brief attempt to befriend the parlements through compromise, resorted to the authoritarian methods of Louis XIV and perpetuated the Sun King's political and economic legacy. This study calls into question the current revisionist understanding of the reign of Louis XIV and insists that, after all, absolute government had a harsh reality at its core. Based upon extensive archival research, Louis XIV and the parlements will be of interest to all students of the history of early modern France and the monarchies of Europe.

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france --- history --- politics --- monarchy

La Universidad de Madrid en el primer franquismo: ruptura y continuidad (1939-1951)

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 8481559520 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 490 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-03 13:06:32
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La Universidad madrileña durante la primera década franquista compuso un complejo mosaico en el que se mezclaron aspiraciones políticas, diferentes idearios superpuestos acerca de la institución universitaria, personalidades académicas complicadas (con difíciles relaciones entre ellas a veces), criterios reafirmados respecto a la Universidad como receptáculo estético, plástico y simbólico del poder académico y político, y en definitiva, diversas formas de entender la naturaleza y las tareas de la Universidad. Según estas premisas este trabajo investiga las cargas y herencias tradicionales que aún en los tiempos de dictadura permanecían en la Universidad de Madrid y, de otro lado, las rupturas que el nuevo proceso político obligaba en la misma institución. Para tomar el pulso de las rupturas y de las continuidades el trabajo se centra en tres grandes ejes temáticos. En el primero se facilita un acercamiento al proceso legislativo que desde el régimen se emprendió para hacer de la Universidad una institución a su medida y que enseguida encontró una firme respuesta desde la Universidad de Madrid, presión que consiguió llevar hacia su terreno algunas de las principales reclamaciones de Madrid. Por otro lado, se analiza el proceso de reconstrucción de la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid, el recinto, cargado de recuerdos de la guerra, sobre el que se depositaron importantes connotaciones ideológicas por las facilidades que éste proporcionaba a la hora de marcar la división de poderes dentro de la Universidad. Un tercer y último bloque nos aproxima a la persona del Rector que lideró toda la cronología que nuestro trabajo abarca (1939-1951), así como al resto de lo que aquí hemos describimos como elites académicas de la dictadura (el vicerrector y el secretario de la Universidad y los decanos de las siete facultades de la misma).

Visuelle Medien im christlichen Kult

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ISBN: 3205993241 Year: Pages: 330 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574817 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3326
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:26
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The concepts of art history were developed in the nineteenth century. This can inhibit dialogue with neighbouring disciplines. The concept “medium”, which belongs to the late twentieth century, can provide assistance and connect the argument of art history to the contemporary state of consciousness at least in the cultural sciences dealing with communication. At the centre of the book lie questions of the use and effect of objects. Dealing with a series of high-ranking art works, an observational method is practised that is both historically founded and compatible with modern discourses. The six case studies address the Naumburg Stifterfiguren, Pietro Lorenzetti’s frescos in Assisi, the Parament of Narbonne, the tomb of Archbishop Chichele in Canterbury, Raphael’s Sistine Madonna in Dresden, and the self-portraits of Anton Pilgram in St Stephen’s Church in Vienna.

Europe's Invisible Migrants

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Book Series: Europa ISBN: 9789053565711 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.5117/9789053565711 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Following the decolonization movements that swept the globe after World War II, between four and six million people were 'returned' to Europe from the colonies. From an exporter of people, Europe turned to a site of immigration for the first time in the twentieth century. Until now, these migrations have been overlooked as scholars have highlighted instead the parallel migrations of former 'colonized' peoples. Europe's Invisible Migrants corrects this bias. This multidisciplinary volume presents essays by prominent sociologists, historians, and anthropologists on their research with these 'invisible' migrant communities. Their work highlights the experiences of colonists returning to France, Portugal and the Netherlands, the intersection of race, citizenship, and colonial ideologies, and the ways these migrations reflect the return of the 'colonial' to Europe. This volume offers fresh insights into immigration, racism and ethnic conflict in post-colonial Europe by presenting colonial repatriates as another 'immigrant' population.

Myth and Mentality: Studies in Folklore and Popular Thought

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463713 9789522228499 9789522228482 Year: Pages: 317 DOI: 10.21435/sff.8 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- History of arts --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:48
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"The recent fascination in Finnish folklore studies with popular thought and the values and emotions encoded in oral tradition began with the realisation that the vast collections of the Finnish folklore archives still have much to offer the modern-day researcher. These archive materials were not only collected by scholars, but also by the ordinary rural populace interested in their own traditions, by performers and their audiences. With its myriad voices, this body of source material thus provides new avenues for the researcher seeking to penetrate popular thought. What does oral tradition tell us about the way its performers think and feel? What sorts of beliefs and ideas are transmitted in traditional songs and narratives? Perspectives from the study of mentalities and cultural cognition research provide a framework for investigating these issues. This collection of articles works from the premise that the cultural models which shape mentalities give rise to manifest expressions of culture, including folklore. These models also become embedded in the representations appearing in folklore, and are handed down from one generation to the next. The topics of the book cover age-old myths and world views, concepts of witchcraft and the Devil stretching back to the Middle Ages, and the values and collective emotions of Finnish and Hungarian agrarian communities.
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Cánones y leyes en la Universidad de Alcalá durante el reinado de Carlos III

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 8481559954 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 349 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-03 13:12:59
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Por deseo fundacional, Alcalá carecía de facultad de leyes. Los estudios de derecho civil se iniciaron en Alcalá en 1673 —aunque previamente existían lecciones extraordinarias de esa materia— con la creación de dos cátedras de Instituta como auxilio a la enseñanza de cánones. Con el plan de 1772 —cuya azarosa génesis reconstruye cuidadosamente Ramon Aznar— la antigua facultad de cánones se convierte en facultad de derechos o jurisprudencia: se modifican cátedras, se establecen manuales de clara orientación regalista para su estudio, se controla la asistencia y los conocimientos. La aplicación de las reformas fue encomendada por el consejo de Castilla a un organismo de nueva planta: la junta del método de estudios. El plan de 1772 afectó de lleno también a las academias, pieza fundamental en la enseñanza universitaria del siglo XVIII vinculadas fundamentalmente a los manteistas. Éstas eran centros autónomos de los estudios y tenían una clara orientación práctica: enseñaban a exponer y argüir en público, conocimientos que eran esenciales para el éxito de los actos académicos, exámenes de grados y oposiciones. Catedráticos y estudiantes no podían quedar al margen de estas reformas, se aprecia así el final del dominio colegial sobre las cátedras, el perfil de los nuevos profesores de cánones y leyes, su producción intelectual, los salarios de las cátedras. En cuanto a los alumnos se realiza su recuento, distribución por facultades, procedencia geográfica, edad, mortalidad académica y un apunte sobre la vida cotidiana. El libro se cierra con tres apéndices: el reglamento de las academias de jurisprudencia —inédito hasta el momento—, una relación de todos los opositores juristas con sus méritos —datos imprescindibles para otras investigaciones— y el elenco de los profesores juristas.

American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia

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Book Series: American Studies ISBN: 9789053564790 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.5117/9789053564790 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The authors of this book challenge the view that was current among many people in the Netherlands during the period 1945-1949 that the American government and its foreign policymakers unequivocally backed the Indonesian Republic's struggle for independence. The same myth of America's political endorsement of Indonesians' quest for independence continues to reverberate in the United States itself. In fact, ex-President Clinton repeated the story as recently as 1995 when he wrote to ex-President Suharto that in the post-World War II era, President Truman and the U.S. Congress had actively supported Indonesia 'as the nation was being born'. On the basis of research in American, Indonesian, Dutch, and Australian diplomatic records and in the archives of the United Nations, Gouda and Brocades Zaalberg describe and analyze American visions of the Dutch East Indies/Indonesia from the 1920s to December 1949, when the Kingdom of the Netherlands relinquished its sovereignty over the archipelago in southeast Asia to the United States fo Indonesia. Their historical analysis suggests that the American diplomatic establishment was not as ignorant of conditions in the Indonesian archipelago as many Dutch people assumed, both before and after World War II. They also chronicle the unfolding of America's steady but tactic backing of its faithful Dutch ally in northern Europe until early 1949, when U.S. assessments of the regions in the world where the Cold War might ignite into a 'Hot War' began to incorporate the anti-colonial, nationalist struggles in Indonesia and Vietnam.

Historische Gärten Österreichs / Bd. 1

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ISBN: 9783205993056 Year: Pages: 747 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_471652 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3193
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-05 16:25:45
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In the year 1999 the project of the inventarisation of the historic gardens in Austria, financed by the Austrian Science Fund FWF was finished with the manuscript “Historic Gardens in Austria. Gardens and Parks from the Renaissance to 1930”. Since 1984 this project was in charge of the author with some other co-workers at the Technical University of Vienna, Department of Landscape Planning and Garden History. This first Austrian inventory tended to consider public and private gardens, parks and artistically formed landscapes of all nine Austrian states from the Renaissance to about 1930 in a systematic manner. In the years of the inventarisation over 1750 historic gardens and parks were discovered, photographed and described. For the publication this numerous and mostly unknown quantity of gardens and parks was arranged in typological groups: gardens and parks of ecclesiastic dwelling-houses as monasteries, convents and cloisters, episcopal and provost buildings, parsonages, gardens and parks of profane buildings as castles, chateaus, palaces, manor-houses, country-houses, villas, dwelling-buildings, development houses, farmhouses, mills, factories, public buildings (monumental buildings) of culture (museum, theatre), education (school, university, botanic garden, arboretum), healing and welfare work (hospital, sanatorium, old people´s home, residential home, youth welfare home), administration (office, embassy), catering and hotel industry and tourism ( hotel, inn, restaurant), sport, recreation and leisure ( swimming-bath, shooting-stand, amusement park, leisure centre), public gardens and parks (without any main-building) as green places, village parks, town parks, village woods, town woods, parks of a spa, memorial parks, promenades, green outside staircases.With the elaboration of the results of the inventarisation, with the consideration of the trade literature, historic maps, plans, views, pictures and other source materials it was possible to present the first documentation of the existing historic gardens and parks in Austria in three volumes, published 2002-2004 (Böhlau Verlag, Wien-Köln-Weimar). This first survey makes known the rich existence of historic garden substance, is available to further scientific research on Austrian garden art and garden culture and affords first informations to protect and preserve this important cultural heritage.

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