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Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719063862 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This exciting book is the first systematic study of how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia. Using three illuminating case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety and air pollution control, this book fills an important gap in existing literature. While the focus in current social science debate on international environmental regimes is accumulating knowledge on 'implementing activities' at both national and international level, this book goes one step further and examines implementation at national and regional level. This topic is of great theoretical relevance to the study of environmental politics since some of the main sources of environmental degradation in Europe are to be found in the Russian Federation. It is also of relevance to the more general debate on contemporary Russian politics and offers valuable new material on regional politics in Russia. With its emphasis on the politics of environmental and resource management, it continues the description and discussion of political processes where most accounts of Russian politics tend to stop. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates, postgraduates and academics studying environmental politics and Russian politics at regional and national level.

Keywords

russia --- pollution --- russian --- environmental

Kommunikativnaja neudača v dialoge

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Book Series: Specimina philologiae Slavicae ISBN: 9783876908496 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.3726/b12529 Language: Russian
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:33
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Issledovateli, predstavljajuščie samye raznye podchody i napravlenija, schodjatsja vo mnenii, čto model' kommunikacii dolžna byt' rasširennoj. Kommunikativnaja neudača v takoj modeli - eto uže ne stol'ko projavlenie nesoveršenstva jazykovogo koda, skol'ko neudača dejstvij rečevych subaektov. (...) Pričiny ee mogut predopredeljat'sja, vo- pervych, osobennostjami jazyka, vo-vtorych, osobennostjami situacii i, nakonec, samimi partnerami po kommunikacii, bolee ili menee udačno učityvajuščimi eti osobennosti, bolee ili menee udačno sledujuščimi pravilam pol'zovanija jazyka.

Das Russisch-Deutsche Woerterbuch von Iwan Pawlowsky

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876908540 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.3726/b12700 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:33
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The Russian-German dictionary by Pawlowsky, which first appeared in Riga in 1859, is a little-noticed in Slavic jewel so far. This is astonishing precisely because it is an indispensable tool in reading the Russian classics, its bilingualism is authentic and quite reliable down to scientific nomenclature and also not only records but also explains a great deal of idiomatic and probiotic. The aim of this work is to contribute to the history of Russian-German lexicography through a metalexographic single analysis of this work. The centuries-old disinterest in the results of lexicographical work also explains that Ivan Pawlowsky's Russian-German dictionary, to this day, must be considered terra incognita. Secondary: Pavlovsky's Russian-German dictionary.

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