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The poor in England 1700-1850: An economy of makeshifts

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ISBN: 9781526137869 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This fascinating study investigates the experience of English poverty between 1700 and 1900 and in the ways in which the poor made ends meet. The phrase 'economy of makeshifts' has often been used to summarise the patchy, desperate and sometimes failing strategies of the poor for material survival. Incomes or benefits derived from such strategies allegedly ranged from wages supported by under-employment via petty crime through to charity, but allusions to this array of makeshifts usually fall short of answering vital questions about how and when the poor secured access to them. This book represents the single most significant attempt in print to supply the English 'economy of makeshifts' with a solid, empirical basis and to advance the concept of makeshifts from a vague but convenient label to a more precise yet inclusive definition. Individual chapters written by some of the leading, young historians of welfare examine how advantages gained from access to common land, mobilisation of kinship support, resorting to crime, and other marginal resources could prop up struggling households. They suggest how the balance of these strategies might change over time or be modified by gender, life-cycle and geography. A comprehensive introduction summarises the state of research on English poverty, and a thought-provoking conclusion makes valuable suggestions for the direction of future research. This book will be crucial for historians of social life and welfare, of interest to researchers working on eighteenth- /nineteenth- century England and will be useful to undergraduates seeking guidance on the historiography of poverty.

Keywords

history --- poor --- poverty --- england

Wien - Geschichte einer Stadt

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783205992677 Year: Pages: 651 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437134 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3561
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:33
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This volume is the second part of a trilogy on a detailed history of Vienna. It covers the period from the First Turkish Siege (1529) to the death of the Emperor Joseph II (1790). During these centuries the Habsburg dynasty and the court had been shaping predominantly the development of the city and the cultural townscape. In a detailed description fifteen authors give an overall view of the history of the constitution and administration, of the environmental, social, economic, and cultural development. Attention has been mainly focused on an analysis of the structural changes of the city's economy in the early modern period and the structure of the society, especially stressing its consequences in daily life. This historical description is based in many respects on the latest results of recent research. This volume provides the first concise history of Vienna between the 16th and 18th centuries in the last fifty years. It imparts the latest state of research to a wide public, supported by many illustrations and a large bibliography.

Out of the Ashes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789751229083 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459402 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:26:14
License: ANU Press

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History; Timor; East timor

Keywords

east timor --- timor --- history

Archivos universitarios e historia de las universidades

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 8481556416 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 345 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Diplomatics. Archives. Seals --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-03 14:00:11
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Esta obra es resultado de las jornadas sobre Archivos e Historia de las Universidades organizadas en 2002 por el Instituto Antonio de Nebrija de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, en la que se dieron cita representantes de los distintos colectivos profesionales que centran sus actividades en el ámbito de los archivos universitarios y de las historia de las universidades. Se trata de dos grupos profesionales: archiveros e investigadores, reunidos por primera vez para establecer las líneas respectivas de acción y el ámbito científico de confluencia. En el texto se trata con carácter novedoso el estado de la gestión de los documentos, en especial de las universidades de reciente factura, lo que constituye la base para lo que en la actualidad y en el futuro serán las fuentes para el estudio de las universidades contemporáneas. También se analizan las últimas tendencias en la materia y de manera señalada cabe reseñar la presentación de los proyectos llevados a cabo por la Conferencia de Archiveros de Universidades orientados al servicio de los investigadores, y el análisis sobre el derecho de acceso y las implicaciones legales que comporta el uso de documentos contemporáneos. Todo ello, caracterizado por la relevancia científica, el relieve internacional y la acreditada experiencia profesional de los ponentes, que ofrecen lo mejor de su conocimiento y que, en buena medida, queda reflejado en estas páginas.

In the Service of the Company Volume II

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ISBN: 9781920942106 Year: Pages: 277 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459282 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:19
License: ANU Press

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Australian agricultural company; Correspondence; Pioneers; History

The Appalachian Frontier: America's First Surge Westward

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Book Series: Appalachian Echoes ISBN: 1572332158 Year: Pages: xxx, 408 Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-11 20:44:51
License: Newfound Press

Zum Gedenken an Peter Borowsky

Authors: ---
Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783980822367 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.3.50 Language: English|German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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On October 13, 2000 the historian Peter Borowsky, a "pupil" of Fritz Fischer, died at the age of 62. He has worked at the University of Hamburg for almost four decades: as a student, research assistant, senior scientific officer and private lecturer for modern and contemporary history. In 1996, he was awarded the title of "Professor"; however, he was denied a professorship. As an author of high-circulation historical works, Peter Borowsky reached a large audience. Written jointly with Barbara Vogel and Heide Wunder, the introduction to history first published in 1975 is still a scientific "best-seller"to this day; Borowsky's Hitler biography for young people and his overview of German history after 1945 also experienced numerous editions. However, the focus of his work was on academic teaching, in which he achieved outstanding results. Generations of history students were taught, supervised and shaped by him - at the University of Hamburg as well as at Smith College, Northampton/Massachusetts, where the scholar has regularly held a visiting professorship since 1974. The partnership between these two universities was embodied by Peter Borowsky. The academic commemoration ceremonies in his honour - in February 2001 at the University of Hamburg and the following month at Smith College - conveyed a moving impression. A selection of the speeches given there and previously at the funeral service at the Nienstedten cemetery is summarized in this booklet. At the same time, an extensive commemorative volume was published on June 3, 2003, the 65th anniversary of Peter Borowsky's birth, the title "Lebendige Sozialgeschichte. Borowskys Forschungsfelder" (Living Social History. Borowskys Research Fields) is intended to emphasize the content and methodology of Borowsky's work and at the same time to accentuate his special way of conveying history.

Decolonising the Caribbean

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789053566541 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.5117/9789053566541 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:24:42
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Much has been written on the post-war decolonisation in the Caribbean, but rarely from a truly comparative perspective, and seldom with serious attention to the former Dutch colonies of Surinam, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. This study bridges both gaps. In their analysis of Dutch decolonisation policies since the 1940s, the authors discuss not only political processes, but also development aid, the Dutch Caribbean exodus to the metropolis and cultural antagonisms. A balance is drawn both of the costs and benefits of independence in the Caribbean and of the outlines and results of the policies pursued in the non-sovereign Caribbean by France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Ländliches Wirtschaftsleben im spätkolonialen Mexiko. Eine mikrohistorische Studie in einem multiethnischen Distrikt: Cholula 1750-1810

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ISBN: 9783980822343 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.6 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:25

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In the late colonial period, the rural area of Central Mexico was characterized by haciendas, by Spanish-mestic small towns and by indigenous communities, which were defined and composed ethnically according to Spanish law. This study uses microhistorical methods to study the city of Cholula and its rural environment. The focus is on economic processes within the municipalities and interethnic exchange relationships at the individual level. The focus of the study is on Indian households and their scope for economic action. The analysis of the distribution of land ownership in Cholula already shows a high proportion of land ownership in private property, a result that fundamentally contradicts the previous knowledge about the organization of indigenous communities. Their role as a reservoir of labour for the haciendas is well known. This study shows that individual households also produced and marketed significant quantities of different agricultural and industrial products. The proof of the manifold inter-ethnic exchange relationships calls into question the relevance of the traditional description categories "Indian" and "Spanish" for the rural areas of Central Mexico and points out numerous parallels to European agricultural societies of the 18th century.

Jean Desmet and the Early Dutch Film Trade

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Book Series: Film Culture in Transition ISBN: 9789053565704 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.5117/9789053565704 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Performing Arts --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Since 1957 the Film Museum in Amsterdam has been in possession of the Desmet Collection which contains the estate of the Dutch cinema owner and film distributor Jean Desmet (1875-1956). The collection comprises almost nine hundred European and American films in all genres, a collection of publicity material and a dauntingly large business archive. These three sources form the basis of this first comprehensive reconstruction of Desmet's career: from his nomadic beginnings as a traveling showman, working the seasonal fairgrounds of the Netherlands and Belgium, to his successful switch to permanent cinema operation and film distribution. The history of Desmet's career offers not simply an abstract of an individual character and his personal ambitions and motivations, but also epitomizes transformations in the world of cinema as an industry. Between 1907 and 1916 the world of cinema experienced radical structural change which Desmet not only witnessed but also helped to bring about. Given the insufficiencies of Dutch film production, Desmet became a link between film production abroad and film exhibition in the Netherlands. Desmet is not merely representative of the rise of the permanent movie house and the coming of the film distributor. This book shows how his fortunes also encapsulate a series of structural changes within the new culture of permanent cinema and film distribution. In film distribution these changes embraced the introduction of film rental, the advent of the long feature film, the introduction of the monopoly distribution system and the periodic transformation of the products on offer. In the business of cinema operation change involved specialization, the creation of fixed theater venues, the development of a theater hierarchy, expansions of scale, the introduction of trade journals and the gradual legitimization of cinema as a popular cultural institution. These transformations were not confined to the Netherlands but were also taking place in the rest of Europe. Indeed, they were first set in motion by other European countries, and in order fully to understand Desmet it is necessary to situate him in his larger European context. In this original and wide-ranging study Ivo Blom uses the career of Jean Desmet as a means of exploring the history of cinema from the ground-level position of film distribution and exhibition. His copiously illustrated and scrupulously documented exposition swells into an epic narrative that offers a richer, more rounded -indeed 'truer' - account of early urban cinema culture than is possible from the confined perspective of production-based film histories.

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