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O problema da motivação moral em Kant

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ISBN: 9788579830167 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.7476/9788579830167 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:16
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Por que os homens são livres? No que consiste a liberdade humana? Como é possível a ação moral? Como um corpo submetido a leis naturais pode ser livre? Para responder perguntas simples como estas e outras não tão simples é que Hélio José dos Santos Souza se dedica a estudar a obra de Kant, especialmente a Fundamentação da metafísica dos costumes. Trata-se de saber se a moralidade e a ética são expressões de um princípio racional incondicionado igualmente presente nas leis imutáveis da natureza, e como é possível nos tornarmos homens melhores apesar de sermos homens. O autor apresenta ainda a discussão destes problemas por alguns dos grandes intérpretes da obra de Kant, o que enriquece filosoficamente a análise e as alternativas pertinentes. Este é um trabalho acadêmico que pode estabelecer a vocação filosófica de seus leitores: a reflexão sobre o que está em jogo é por si só um prazeroso exercício do filosofar.

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PHILOSOPHY

Jacques Rancière

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ISBN: 9780822344933 9780822390930 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102099
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
License: Duke University Press

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The French philosopher Jacques Rancière has influenced disciplines from history and philosophy to political theory, literature, art history, and film studies. His research into nineteenth-century workers’ archives, reflections on political equality, critique of the traditional division between intellectual and manual labor, and analysis of the place of literature, film, and art in modern society have all constituted major contributions to contemporary thought. In this collection, leading scholars in the fields of philosophy, literary theory, and cultural criticism engage Rancière’s work, illuminating its originality, breadth, and rigor, as well as its place in current debates. They also explore the relationships between Rancière and the various authors and artists he has analyzed, ranging from Plato and Aristotle to Flaubert, Rossellini, Auerbach, Bourdieu, and Deleuze.

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Philosophy

In Search of Meaning

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISBN: 9783866442184 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 168 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_422396 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:30
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The essays collected in this volume explore some of the themes that have been at the centre of recent debates within Wittgensteinian scholarship. In opposition to what we are tentatively inclined to think, the articles of this volume invite us to understand that our need to grasp the essence of ethical and religious thought and language will not be achieved by metaphysical theories expounded from such a point of view, but by focusing on our everyday forms of expression.

La dottrina costituzionale di Sieyès

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Book Series: Strumenti per la didattica e la ricerca ISBN: 9788884534712 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341476 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The reception and popularity of the work of Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès has gone through different and erratic phases. Nonetheless, in recent years there has been a remarkable revival of interest in the Abbé's thought. This book is intended to exploit this Sieyès-renaissance, proposing a reconstruction of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot in the light of the latest interpretative acquisitions. The guiding thread of the analysis is the acknowledgement that, underlying the main political-constitutional proposals of Sieyès, we can glimpse a profoundly rationalist philosophical substructure. After presenting the nucleus of this philosophical approach, the book proceeds to shed light on the coherence linking the main constitutional structures upon which the abbot was working in the course of the early years of the Revolution. It focuses in particular on the concepts that contributed to make up the basic grammar of modern and liberal constitutionalism: representation, citizenship, constituent power, rights of man, the division of the powers and the control of constitutionality. The idea is that, by pursuing this approach, it is possible to arrive at an overall picture of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot that reflects both its systematic quality and its originality.

Technology, Trust, and Religion

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Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087280598 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.24415/9789087280598 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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What does it mean to be human in a world of technology? What could be the role of religion in responding to the ecological crisis? Should we be concerned about the modification of food, and even of ourselves? Who do we trust to make decisions regarding our common future? What do we use our technology for? These are not questions for experts only. How can the wider public be involved? Do experts and the general public trust each other sufficiently? Or is the public ignorant, in the eyes of the scientists? And are too many engineers narrow minded, according to the general public? The contributors to this timely and necessary volume address expertise, trust and engagement, as we consider our technological condition , religious resources for the ecological crisis , biotechnology , and matters of trust between scientists and the general public. With contributions from leading scholars in the field, including James Miller from Queen's University, Canada and Tony Watling from the University College, London, this book will captivate a range of readers interested in the spirtitual dimension of of our culture and society.

Das Ich und sein Gehirn - Die Herausforderung der neurobiologischen Forschung für das (Straf-)Recht

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ISBN: 9783941875012 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Neurology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In recent years, the debate about the free will has gained intensity. The phase of the heated debate has become a more pertinent and interdisciplinary. But still there are misunderstandings, misconceptions or ambiguities, which are sometimes accompanied by an attitude of denial discourse. This volume helps to highlight the self-perceptions and views of the concerned disciplines: Philosophy and Neuroscience, criminal science and criminal law practice, and not least the Forensic Psychiatry. The book does not claim to present definitive answers but provides clarifications that allow the interested reader to form an reflected opinion. The contributions have come from the first workshop of the Institute of Criminal Sciences at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen in 2007.

Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten

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ISBN: 9783205782919 Year: Pages: 602 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437176 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4032
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:14
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"The Frame of Legal Customs" ("Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten") attempts to interchange results from two scientific disciplines, legal theory and legal history for the middle ages.The first part describes the present and in the sphere of legal theory not unypical view of law as a system of norms as introduced by theorists like Hans Kelsen ore H.L.A. Hart. Main target of criticism is the concept of law as provided by legal positivism, pointing out the problems of the logic of norms and the speech-act-theoretical background of this concept.The second part shows the inadequacy of the modern concept of law – which faces law as system of norms – for the situation of the early middle ages, when law was practiced in judicial assemblies in a strict oral manner without the common use of written texts. Results of German legal history which assume a more differentiated structure of legal thinking (based on incompatible categories of law: "recht", "Gebot", "Willkür") instead of one comprehensive notion of law, are discussed.The third part is dedicated to the close examination of the concept of law of three of the most important legal historians in Germany (Karl Kroeschell, Gerhard Dilcher, Jürgen Weitzel).The fourth and last part offers an alternative approach to the problem, how legal thinking and legal practice can be understood in premodern societies. It starts at the fundamental criticism of legal positivism, which can be found in the work of Ronald Dworkin ("law as integrity") and earlier at Carl Schmitts concept of concrete order ("Konkretes Ordnungsdenken"). The correlation between the role of legal rules, decisions and orders is discussed within the proposed theoretical frame. Finally the notion of order-configurations ("Ordnungskonfigurationen"), which has been brought into discussion by Stefan Weinfurter, is compared to the concept of law as a form of concrete order as developed in the text. A text of Adalbero of Laon and the letters of pope Gregory VII are interpreted as an illustrating example (and implicit criticism on Weinfurter's specific use of sociological functionalism) using the proposed alternative categories

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