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The Train Journey

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Book Series: War and Genocide ISBN: 9781571812681 9781785334771 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_629151 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100273
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Abstract

Deportations by train were critical in the Nazis’ genocidal vision of the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.” Historians have estimated that between 1941 and 1944 up to three million Jews were transported to their deaths in concentration and extermination camps. In his writings on the “Final Solution,” Raul Hilberg pondered the role of trains: “How can railways be regarded as anything more than physical equipment that was used, when the time came, to transport the Jews from various cities to shooting grounds and gas chambers in Eastern Europe?” This book explores the question by analyzing victims’ experiences at each stage of forced relocation: the round-ups and departures from the ghettos, the captivity in trains, and finally, the arrival at the camps. Utilizing a variety of published memoirs and unpublished testimonies, the book argues that victims experienced train journeys as mobile chambers, comparable in importance to fixed locations of persecution such as ghettos and camps.

Keywords

History

After the "Socialist Spring"

Author:
Book Series: Monographs in German History ISBN: 9781845455521 9781789201086 9781789201086 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102873
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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Drawing on a broad range of archival material from state and SED party sources as well as Stasi files and individual farm records along with some oral history interviews, this book provides a thorough investigation of the transformation of the rural sector from a range of perspectives. Focusing on the region of Bezirk Erfurt, the author examines on the one hand how East Germans responded to the end of private farming by resisting, manipulating but also participating in the new system of rural organization. However, he also shows how the regime sought via its representatives to implement its aims with a combination of compromise and material incentive as well as administrative pressure and other more draconian measures. The reader thus gains valuable insight into the processes by which the SED regime attained stability in the 1970s and yet was increasingly vulnerable to growing popular dissatisfaction and economic stagnation and decline in the 1980s, leading to its eventual collapse.

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2009 (2)