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Consciência e matéria: o dualismo de Bergson

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ISBN: 9788579831089 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.7476/9788579831089 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:15
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Este livro remete a três complexas questões filosóficas as quais abordaremos a partir do pensamento de Bergson: a natureza da consciência, a natureza da matéria e a relação entre consciência e matéria. Tendo em vista os objetivos do presente estudo apresentaremos essa temática, cuja história é longa e tortuosa, a partir daquela que pode ser considerada como a sua formulação paradigmática, a de Descartes, referência teórica fundamental com a qual a tradição filosófica posterior, inclusive contemporânea, dialoga e da qual não consegue se desvencilhar, em que pesem os grandes desenvolvimentos das ciências físicas e biológicas. É por meio de um exercício de aproximação e de distanciamento em relação ao pensamento de Descartes que buscaremos compreender os principais aspectos da filosofia de Bergson e refletir criticamente sobre os seus fundamentos.

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PHILOSOPHY

A literatura do outro e os outros da literatura

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ISBN: 9788579831119 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.7476/9788579831119 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:15
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Os textos aqui reunidos se oferecem como possíveis leituras da problemática do Outro na literatura, pertencente a diversas esferas e recortado conforme a perspectiva crítica adotada em seu enfoque pelos autores. O propósito maior desta coletânea, portanto, é fornecer ao leitor reflexões e questionamentos sobre os aspectos implicados na relação eu x outro presentes nas manifestações literárias tomadas como objeto de análise. Desse modo, os gestos de escrita e leitura serão dimensões em relevo ao longo deste livro, complementando-se e coproduzindo-se no percurso crítico que vai do eu(s) ao outro(s).

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PHILOSOPHY

Vladimir Soloviev and the Spiritualization of Matter

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Book Series: Studies in Russian and Slavic Literatures, Cultures, and History ISBN: 9781936235179 9781618117007 9781618119407 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101826
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-07 11:02:32
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While he is widely acknowledged as the most important Russian thinker of the nineteenth century, Vladimir Soloviev’s place in the landscape of world philosophy nevertheless remains uncertain. Approaching him through a single synoptic lens, this book foregrounds his unique envisioning of the interaction between humanity and the material world. By investigating the development of a single theme in his work—his idea of the “spiritualization of matter”, the “task” of humanity—Smith constructs a rounded picture of Soloviev’s overall importance to an understanding of nineteenth-century thought, as well as to modern theology and philosophy. The picture that emerges is of a writer whose contribution to a Christian philosophy of matter resonates with many of the religious debates of modernity.

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Philosophy --- Philosophy

Health, Rights and Dignity

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ISBN: 9783110319262 9783110319712 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110319712 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100238
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:44
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The idea that there is such a thing as a human right to health has become pervasive. It has not only been acknowledged by a variety of international law documents and thus entered the political realm but is also defended in academic circles. Yet, despite its prominence the human right to health remains something of a mystery - especially with respect to its philosophical underpinnings. Addressing this unfortunate and intellectually dangerous insufficiency, this book critically assesses the stipulation that health is a human right which - as international law holds - derives from the inherent dignity of the human person. Scrutinising the concepts underlying this stipulation (health, rights, dignity), it shall conclude that such right cannot be upheld from a philosophical perspective.

Sovereign Justice

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ISBN: 9783110245738 9783110245745 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100218
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:14
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Over the past years global justice has established itself as one of the new and most promising frontiers of political theory. Sovereign Justice collects valuable contributions from scholars of both continental and analytic tradition, and aims to investigate into the relationship between global justice and the nation state. It deals with the moral relevance of national boundaries and cosmopolitanism, and takes into account the most influential traditions that shape current approaches to the subject, especially those descending from Rawls and Kant.

Memory

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ISBN: 9780823232598 9780823232611 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626982 Language: English
Publisher: Fordham University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100617
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:34
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The volume reconstructs the work of the great philosophical and literary figures of the last two centuries who recast the concept of memory and brought it into the forefront of the modernist and postmodernist imagination—among them, Bergson, Halbwachs, Freud, Proust, Benjamin, Adorno, Derrida, and Deleuze. Drawing on recent advances in the sciences and in the humanities, the contributors address the question of how memory works, highlighting transactions between the interiority of subjective memory and the larger fields of public or collective memory.

Thomas Morus' Utopia und das Genre der Utopie in der Politischen Philosophie

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783866444034 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: IX, 328 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012216 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Thomas Morus 'Utopia' („Von der besten Staatsverfassung und von der neuen Insel Utopia, ein wahrhaft goldenes Büchlein, genauso wohltuend wie heiter“) (1516) ist ein Klassiker der Politischen Philosophie, der die spätere Tradition fiktiver Staatsmodelle prägte. Der Name bezeichnet ein ""Nirgendwo"", durch dessen Unauffindbarkeit alle Sehnsüchte in eine unerreichbare Ferne projiziert werden. Als Utopie gilt eine Vorstellung, die als Idee zwar denkbar, aber nicht unmittelbar umzusetzen ist. Der Band hinterfragt, mit welchen Chancen auf gesellschaftspolitische Diskussion heute überhaupt noch fiktive Staatsmodelle ausgearbeitet werden können.

Sexuelle Identität und gesellschaftliche Norm

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783941875722 Year: Pages: 125 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Die „sexuelle Identität“ des Menschen ist keineswegs nur biologisch, sondern in erheblichem Maße auch neurologisch, psychologisch sowie durch Umweltbedingungen determiniert und infolgedessen gradualisiert. Die Gesellschaft und ihr Recht ignorieren diese Variabilitäten jenseits der natürlichen Geschlechtlichkeit jedoch mit Blick auf Orientierungsbedürfnisse weitgehend: Familien- und personenstandsrechtliche Zuschreibungen müssen eindeutig sein, Veränderungen des biologischen Geschlechts kommen nur in seltenen Ausnahmefällen in Betracht, die gesellschaftlichen Vorstellungen über den Freiraum an „sexueller Selbstbestimmung“ werden an den Grenzen strafrechtlich abgesichert und jene, die sich nicht daran halten, gelten in der Rechtspraxis entweder als schuldfähig oder haben mit u.U. langjährigem Freiheitsentzug im Rahmen der Sicherungsverwahrung zu rechnen. Dieses Spannungsfeld zwischen individueller Disposition und gesellschaftlicher Erwartung war Gegenstand eines Workshops, der am 20. November 2009 gemeinsam vom Institut für Humangenetik der Universitätsmedizin Göttingen und dem Zentrum für Medizinrecht der Juristischen Fakultät veranstaltet wurde. Der vorliegende Band enthält die Resultate eines interdisziplinären Dialogs von Experten/Innen aus der Humangenetik, der Sexualforschung, der Soziologie, des Medizinrechts und der forensischen Psychiatrie.

The Practices of Happiness

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780415550970 Year: Pages: 304 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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There is growing evidence that rising levels of prosperity in Western economies since 1945 have not been matched by greater incidences of reported well-being and happiness. Indeed, material affluence is often accompanied instead by greater social and individual distress. A growing literature within the humanities and social sciences is increasingly concerned to chart not only the underlying trends in recorded levels of happiness, but to consider what factors, if any, contribute to positive and sustainable experiences of well-being and quality of life. Increasingly, such research is focusing on the importance of values and beliefs in human satisfaction or quality of life; but the specific contribution of religion to these trends is relatively under-examined. This unique collection of essays seeks to rectify that omission, by identifying the nature and role of the religious contribution to wellbeing. A unique collection of nineteen leading scholars from the field of economics, psychology, public theology and social policy have been brought together in this volume to explore the religious contribution to the debate about happiness and well-being. These essays explore the religious dimensions to a number of key features of well-being, including marriage, crime and rehabilitation, work, inequality, mental health, environment, participation, institutional theory, business and trade. They engage particularly closely with current trends in economics in identifying alternative models of economic growth which focus on its qualitative as well as quantitative dimensions. This distinctive volume brings to public notice the nature and role of religion’s contribution to wellbeing, including new ways of measurement and evaluation. As such, it represents a valuable and unprecedented resource for the development of a broad-based religious contribution to the field. It will be of particular relevance for those who are concerned about the continuing debate about personal and societal well-being, as well as those who are interested in the continuing significance of religion for the future of public policy. Introductory essay: developing an overview as context and future John Atherton Part 1: Political Economy 1. Economic theory and happiness Ian Steedman 2. Happiness, welfare and capabilities Carl-Henric Grenholm 3. Happiness through thrift: The contribution of business to human wellbeing Peter Heslam 4. Happiness, work and Christian theology Peter Sedgwick 5. Happiness isn't working, but it should be Malcolm Brown 6. Challenging inequality in a post-scarcity era: Christian contributions to egalitarian trends John Atherton 7. Fair trade and human wellbeing Michael Northcott Part 2: Contributions to Other Social Sciences 8. Religion and happiness: perspectives from the psychology of religion, positive psychology and empirical theology Leslie Francis 9. Ethnographic insights into happiness Jonathan Miles-Watson 10. Institutions, organisations and wellbeing Tony Berry 11. Religion, family form and the question of happiness Adrian Thatcher 12. Mental health, spirituality and religion Peter Gilbert 13. The ‘one in the morning’ knock: exploring the connections between faith, participation and wellbeing Christopher Baker 14. Crime, wellbeing and society: Reflections on social, 'anti-social' and 'restorative' capital Christopher Jones 15. Supporting offenders: A faith based initiative Charlotte Lorimer Part 3: Reflections on Foundations 16. Human happiness as a common good: clarifying the issues Patrick Riordan 17. Being well in creation John Rodwell 18.The ‘virtuous circle’: Religion and the practices of happiness Elaine Graham 19 Well being – or resilience? Blurred encounters between theory and practice John Reader

Hayek, Mill and the Liberal Tradition

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the History of Economics ISBN: 9780415779340 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book considers the relationship between Hayek and Mill, taking issues with Hayek’s criticism of Mill and providing a broader perspective of the liberal tradition. Featuring contributions from the likes of Ross Emmett, Leon Montes and Robert Garnett, these chapters ask whether Hayek had an accurate reading of the ideas of Mill and Smith, as well as considering themes such as sympathy and analytical egalitarianism that play a large part in the liberal tradition, but less in work of Hayek These chapters argue that addition of these key ideas to the Hayekian corpus leads to a far broader understanding of the liberal tradition than that provided by Hayek Introduction, Andrew Farrant , 1.Hayek and the Liberal Tradition, 1. Is Friedrich Hayek rowing Adam Smith’s boat, Leon Montes , 2. F. A. Hayek’s Sympathetic Agents, David M. Levy and Sandra Peart , 3. Discussion and the Evolution of Institutions in a Liberal Democracy: Frank Knight Joins the Debate, Ross Emmett , 2. Pushing the Boundaries of the Liberal Tradition? , 4. Hayek, Mill, and the Problem of Institutional Change?, Andrew Farrant , 5. A Socialist Spontaneous Order, Theodore A. Burczak , 6. Hayek and Philanthropy: A Classical Liberal Road Not (Yet) Taken, Robert Garnett

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