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Peer Participation and Software

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ISBN: 9780262266567 9780262514613 Year: Pages: 112 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:35
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An examination of Mozilla's unique approach to software development considers how this model of participation might be applied to political and civic engagement.Firefox, a free Web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation, is used by an estimated 270 million people worldwide. To maintain and improve the Firefox browser, Mozilla depends not only on its team of professional programmers and managers but also on a network of volunteer technologists and enthusiasts—free/libre and open source software (FLOSS) developers—who contribute their expertise. This kind of peer production is unique, not only for its vast scale but also for its combination of structured, hierarchical management with open, collaborative volunteer participation. In this MacArthur Foundation Report, David Booth examines the Mozilla Foundation's success at organizing large-scale participation in the development of its software and considers whether Mozilla's approach can be transferred to government and civil society. Booth finds parallels between Mozilla's collaboration with Firefox users and the Obama administration's philosophy of participatory governance (which itself amplifies the much older Jeffersonian ideal of democratic participation). Mozilla's success at engendering part-time, volunteer participation that produces real marketplace innovation suggests strategies for organizing civic participation in communities and government. Mozilla's model could not only show us how to encourage the technical community to participate in civic life but also teach us something about how to create successful political democracy.

La modélisation d'accompagnement

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ISBN: 9782759206216 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0621-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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"Sustainable development and its expression in terms of participation by local stakeholders in future choices in regions where they live or work have become topical issues. Companion modelling is particularly original among methods to set up participative approaches around the sustainable management of natural renewable resources. The aim of this book is to familiarise the reader with the companion modelling approach, by presenting the scientific posture that is its foundation, its methods and tools and the special place for models. It also explains how to incorporate several decision scales, take power games into account and lastly assess the effects on the people involved in using this approach.
This work is based on concrete examples taken from 27 cases studied by the researcher group and on educational tools. It is intended for researchers into rural development and renewable resources as well as students and teachers."

China: The Next Twenty Years of Reform and Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781921666292 Year: Pages: 399 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458874 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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China has made some remarkable achievements during the first three decades of economic reform and opening up, rising to become one of the world’s most dynamic and globally-integrated market economies. Yet there remains much unfinished business on the reform and development agenda, coupled with newly emerging challenges. China: The Next Twenty Years of Reform and Development highlights how the deepening of reforms in critical areas such as domestic factor markets, the exchange rate regime and the health system, combined with the strengthening of channels for effective policy implementation, will enable China to cope with the challenges that lie ahead. These include responding to the pending exhaustion of the unlimited supply of labour; playing a constructive role in reducing global trade imbalances; enhancing firms’ ability to innovate; coping with migration, urbanisation and rising inequalities on scales unknown in world history; and dealing with rising energy and metal demand in an era in which low-carbon growth has become a necessity rather than a choice.

Keywords

economy --- reform --- development --- china

Managing Climate Change. Climate, Growth and Equitable Development

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ISBN: 9782722602670 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Climate change has been the source of immense challenges for ethical, economic or political analysts. We are aware of the scale of the action required to be taken and the areas in which that action is needed namely efficient energy use, low carbon technologies or deforestation. We have an idea of which technologies need to be developed. We understand the basic economic policy incentives in favour of reducing emissions, stopping deforestation and promoting more sensible use of our natural envi...

Determinants of Financial Development

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ISBN: 9780230273672 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_392749 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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"As the world has witnessed the worst financial crisis and climate crisis of our age, during the period of 2007-2009, the issues surrounding the emergence and development of financial markets and carbon markets is becoming an increasingly significant area of research and debate worldwide. By engaging with recently developed methods of research and new areas of practice, this book investigates the political, economic, policy and geographic determinants of the development of financial markets. The volume examines the causality between financial development and aggregate private investment from an economic perspective. It also explores the consequences of political liberalization, focusing on the impact of institutional improvement on financial development. It studies what stimulates governments to initiate reforms aimed at boosting financial development, and analyses the determinants of carbon markets in developing countries from a geographic point of view. 

This book is essential reading for all interested in economic and financial development, climate change, environmental economics, and applied econometrics. 
"

Settling for Less

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Book Series: Space and Place ISBN: 9781845457624 9781789201093 9781789201093 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102887
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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The resettlement of the Negev Bedouin (Israel) has been wrought with controversy since its inception in the 1960s. Presenting evidence from a two-decade period, the author addresses how the changes that took place over the past sixty to seventy years have served the needs and interests of the State rather than those of Bedouin community at large. While town living fostered improvements in social and economic development, numerous unintended consequences jeopardized the success of this planning initiative. As a result, the Bedouin community endured excessive hardship and rapid change, abandoning its nomadic lifestyle and traditions in response to the economic, political, and social pressure from the State—and received very little in return.

Scalable Ontological EAI and e-Business Integration

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ISBN: 9783866445215 Year: Pages: XVI, 209 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000018264 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Integration of enterprise applications (EAI) and e-business integration are time-consuming and expensive. This thesis proposes pattern mining to determine identical object classes. Processes are integrated based on declared integration goals and known software behavior. A model-driven approach ensures consistent use of behavioral knowledge from development in integration. The contributions were applied to the CCTS Modeler Warp 10 and SAP NetWeaver CE (composition environment) developed at SAP.

NGOs in India

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Book Series: Routledge Contemporary South Asia Series ISBN: 9780415544306 Year: Pages: 148 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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By examining how NGOs operate in Southern India in the early 2000’s, this book discusses the challenges faced by small, local NGOs in the uncertain times of changing aid dynamics. The key findings focus on what empowerment means for Indian women, and how NGO accountability to these groups is an important part of the empowerment being realised. The notion of community empowerment, in which the ‘solidarity’ of a group can be a path to individual empowerment, is discussed, as well as analysing how empowerment can be a useful concept in development. Based on case studies of 15 NGOs as well as in-depth interviews with 80 women’s self-help groups, the book highlights the key features of effective empowerment programs. The author uses innovative statistical analysis tools to show how a key factor in empowerment of marginalised women is the accountability relationship between themselves and the supporting NGO. The book goes on to discuss the ways that NGOs can work with communities in the future, and recognises the limitations of a donor-centric accountability framework. It provides a useful contribution to studies on South Asia as well as Gender and Development Studies. Introduction 1. Non-Governmental Organisations in India 2. The work of NGOs in India - SHGs and Women's Empowerment 3. Rural NGOs 4. Pune Waste-picker program 5. Measuring Women's Empowerment 6. NGO Accountability 7. Conclusion

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