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Hormones, santé publique et environnement

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ISBN: 9782868838957 Year: Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 10:30:49
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Dans le monde d'aujourd'hui, presque tous les événements naturels extrêmes pourraient être qualifiés de désastre. Sur les 25 catastrophes les plus couteuses depuis 1970, toutes sont survenues après 1987 et 23 d'entre elles sont liées aux conditions climatiques.Et cela n'arrive pas qu'aux autres. La France, elle non plus, n'est pas épargnée : 88 morts et 9 milliards d'euros de dégats pour les tempêtes de décembre 1999, près de 15000 décès pour la canicule du 1er au 20 aout 2003. La récente tempête Xynthia, avec ses ruptures de digues, a provoqué 53 morts, s'ajoutant à tant d'autres tragédies survenues dans des zones inondables, et nous interrogeant. Sommes-nous prêts par exemple à affronter une crue comparable à celle de 1910 dans le Paris de demain ?Dans le contexte actuel de changement climatique, nous savons que nous devons nous préparer à des événements extrêmes plus dangereux, quelquefois inédits. Ces événements voient leurs effets amplifiés par le développement urbain, le surpeuplement des zones littorales et l'anthropisation des milieux naturels. Ils représentent de véritables « trappes à pauvreté » pour les pays les plus pauvres de la Planète.C'est l'objet de ce rapport de l'Académie des Sciences qui analyse la question de ces événements climatiques extrêmes et de leurs conséquences prévisibles sur les systèmes économiques, sociaux, sanitaires et de sécurité.Un réel besoin d'anticipation existe donc : notre pays est-il prêt à y répondre ? Participe-t-il suffi samment aux actions internationales visant à réduire les risques ? Dispose-t-il d'une information scientifique appropriée ?Henri Décamps, membre de l'Académie des sciences, est un spécialiste de la biologie intégrative. Directeur de plusieurs programmes d'étude internationaux (Union Européenne, UNESCO, il suit de près les questions liés à l'écologie et au climat. Il a animé au sein de l'Académie des sciences ce groupe de travail, composés de plusieurs dizaines de scientifiques.

Keywords

Health --- environment

Humanização do parto : política pública, comportamento organizacional e ethos profissional

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ISBN: 9788575413289 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.7476/9788575413289 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-17 17:27:17
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"Parir e nascer, definitivamente, não são processos ‘naturais’ nem meramente fisiológicos. São eventos sociais e culturais complexos, que envolvem interações entre indivíduos, grupos sociais e organizações (hospitais e maternidades), com poderes e legitimidades diferenciados". A partir desta constatação, a autora faz uma investigação sistemática sobre como disputas em torno do modelo de assistência ao parto tornam-se obstáculos para a implementação de uma política que considere mais o papel da mulher e minimize os impactos negativos de uma excessiva hospitalização do processo. Com base no caso da rede hospitalar de Belo Horizonte – pública, filantrópica, privada contratada e privada não contratada pelo SUS –, verifica em que medida as políticas nacionais de humanização do parto se operacionalizaram, como se portaram profissionais obstetras (médicos e enfermeiras) e quais foram as dificuldades institucionais enfrentadas para colocar em prática essas políticas. Fornece, assim, valiosos indicadores para todos aqueles empenhados na efetiva humanização do parto no Brasil.

Keywords

HEALTH & FITNESS

Heterologe Insemination - Aktuelle Lage und Reformbedarf aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783941875302 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The heterologous or donogenous insemination is the artificial fertilization of an ovum for reproductive purposes with the sperm of an outside donor to save the affected couples a infertility. This method is long been offered and used by the modern reproductive medicine but, however raises a number of legal, human genetic and psychological issues that are not at sufficiently resolved in the circle of experts. The present volume addresses these questions and possible answers in an interdisciplinary discussion and explores solutions. The articles go back to a workshop, which was jointly organized in cooperation of the Centre for Medical Law and the Göttingen Institute of Human Genetics. The editors hope that the recommendations resulting from this will be able to provide important impetus and support to the leaders in this field, but also to legislation and case law.

Keywords

health care law

La traction animale

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759208876 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0887-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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Draught animals can reduce the laboriousness of human work and lessen poverty in developing countries by facilitating soil cultivation and transport. This updated and illustrated practical summary of knowledge on animal traction is enriched with results from recent experiments into animal well-being, producer and craftsman associations and environmental impact.

Keywords

environment --- health --- animal husbandry --- farm

Oral Health in South Australia - 2008

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: ARCPOH Population Oral Health Series ISBN: 9780980723052 Year: Pages: 112 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 08:10:52
License: University of Adelaide Press

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Oral health in South Australia 2008 provides a comprehensive summary of the oral health of South Australian residents. This publication was developed from a range of surveys conducted by the Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health (ARCPOH) and administrative data provided by state dental services. Information provided in this publication includes data on caries experience and periodontal diseases of children and adults, tooth retention and loss among adults, access to dental care, cost of dental care and the dental labour force. Information on the oral health of Indigenous children and adults is also provided.


The publication highlights the recent increase in the level of dental decay among primary and secondary school children, the low percentage of school aged children visiting the school dental service, the extent of individual out-of-pocket expenditure on dental services, and issues with access to dentists and dental hygienists outside of the Adelaide metropolitan area.

Tissue Engineering

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ISBN: 9789533070797 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.5772/189 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:08

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The Tissue Engineering approach has major advantages over traditional organ transplantation and circumvents the problem of organ shortage. Tissues that closely match the patient’s needs can be reconstructed from readily available biopsies and subsequently be implanted with minimal or no immunogenicity. This eventually conquers several limitations encountered in tissue transplantation approaches. This book serves as a good starting point for anyone interested in the application of Tissue Engineering. It offers a colorful mix of topics, which explain the obstacles and possible solutions for TE applications.

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