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Geburten/Kontrolle

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ISBN: 9783205783206 Year: Pages: 306 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437179 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4065
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:18
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The volume aims at a comprehensive historical reconstruction of policies, conflicts, attitudes, and regulations covering the diverse field of human reproduction. The analysis is based on two case studies: the United States of America and Austria. While both countries are part of the geographic and conceptual region called the "north-Atlantic world", they occupy significantly different positions within the global power structure, the respective relations between state, religion and society, the nature of their political cultures, etc. While it is impossible to re-construct a universal history of population policies on the basis of the two case studies, in the concluding chapter more universal premises relating to 20th century trends and developments beyond the case studies are suggested. To enable a comprehensive, yet focused comparison the analysis concentrates on three aspects of reproductive policies: sexual advice centers in the cities of New York and Vienna during the interwar period; 20th century policies aimed at the interface between workplace and child care; and the abortion conflicts taking place in the last third of the 20th century. These fields are conceptualized as "arenas"—i. e., spaces or complex social situations where groups and individuals interested in a given issue meet and interact, attempt to establish their world views, and then transform them into commonly accepted norms and regulations. Events, actors, and developments are thoroughly re-constructed for each arena. Finally the arenas are analyzed in relation to social and political developments in which they are situated. Questions about trends and developments relevant for both case studies are addressed in a framework which is organized around notions of reproduction of the nation, of rationalization, and of globalization. The findings from the case studies are related to secular phenomena like migration, globalizing selective population policies, the emergence of international and transnational political bodies (private foundations, UN-organizations, NGOs). The comparison between the U.S. and Austria offers insights into the tensions inherent in modern reproduction between individual empowerment and political disciplining. The striking similarities and significant differences in the trajectories of reproductive policies in both case studies allow conclusions concerning an indissoluble dilemma of reproductive policies committed to "human progress." In the end, the volume contributes to a deeper understanding of the ambivalence inherent to modern reproduction.

Zum Gedenken an Erwin Panofsky (1892-1968)/Reden aus Anlass der Benennung des Hörsaals C im Hauptgebäude der Universität Hamburg in Erwin-Panofsky-Hörsaal am 20. Juni 2000

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783937816722 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.17.98 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:19

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Since the 80th anniversary of the University of Hamburg in 1999, an important form of historical remembrance has been the naming of the restored lecture halls in the main university building, the "ESA 1", after the victims of racism, intolerance and inhumanity in the "Third Reich".The two largest, halls A and B,which were given the names of the philosopher Ernst Cassirer and the German scholar Agathe Lasch in 1999, were followed the following year by C (Erwin Panofsky), M (Emil Artin) in April 2005 and J (Magdalene Schoch) in June 2006. The speeches given on this occasion, which can be read in the "Neue Folge" of the "Hamburger Universitätsreden" (Hamburg University Speeches) provide information on the events for the respective naming of the events, especially on their reasons for naming them, with the exception of the speeches given at the time when Lecture Hall C was named. The speeches were extensively annotated by the editors and supplemented with a detailed appendix.

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