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The Lives of Machines: The Industrial Imaginary in Victorian Literature and Culture

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ISBN: 9780472071401 9780472051403 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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Today we commonly describe ourselves as machines that ""let off steam"" or feel ""under pressure."" The Lives of Machines investigates how Victorian technoculture came to shape this language of human emotion so pervasively and irrevocably and argues that nothing is more intensely human and affecting than the nonhuman. Tamara Ketabgian explores the emergence of a modern and more mechanical view of human nature in Victorian literature and culture. Treating British literature from the 1830s to the 1870s, this study examines forms of feeling and community that combine the vital and the mechanical, the human and the nonhuman, in surprisingly hybrid and productive alliances. Challenging accounts of industrial alienation that still persist, the author defines mechanical character and feeling not as erasures or negations of self, but as robust and nuanced entities in their own right. The Lives of Machines thus offers an alternate cultural history that traces sympathies between humans, animals, and machines in novels and nonfiction about factory work as well as in other unexpected literary sites and genres, whether domestic, scientific, musical, or philosophical. Ketabgian historicizes a model of affect and community that continues to inform recent theories of technology, psychology, and the posthuman. The Lives of Machines will be of interest to students of British literature and history, history of science and of technology, novel studies, psychoanalysis, and postmodern cultural studies.

Mallarmé devant ses contemporains

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ISBN: 9780980723076 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.20851/mallarme Language: French
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 09:42:33
License: University of Adelaide Press

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The enigmatic nature of Mallarmé’s works disconcerted his first readers and they were published at a period when the number of newspaper and periodicals was rapidly increasing. In the last quarter of the 19th century many comments on his writings appeared in print, some were laudatory, others claimed that he wished to found a poetic School of the Unintelligible. Today’s reader will find gathered here reviews published when individual works first appeared and critical texts on his work in general. Among the aspects of his influence on his contemporaries which have been little known hitherto are the reactions of those who heard the first performances of Debussy’s Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun in 1894 and 1895, and the use that was made of Mallarmé’s name in aesthetic and political polemics at the time, associating him with Odilon Redon or Émile Zola. Some of his utterances made at the celebrated Mardis are also recorded here.

The Limits of Patriarchy: How Female Networks of Pilfering and Gossip Sparked the First Debates on Rural Gender Rights in the 19th-Century Finnish-Language Press

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Ethnologica ISBN: 9789522223272 9789522227928 9789522227584 Year: Pages: 263 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.13 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:47
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"In the mid-19th century, letters to newspapers in Finland began to condemn a practice known as home thievery, in which farm mistresses pilfered goods from their farms to sell behind the farm master’s back. Why did farm mistresses engage home thievery and why were writers so harsh in their disapproval of it? Why did many men in their letters nonetheless sympathize with women’s pilfering? What opinions did farm daughters express? This book explores theoretical concepts of agency and power applied to the 19th-century context and takes a closer look at the family patriarch, resistance to patriarchal power by farm mistresses and their daughters, and the identities of those Finnish men who already in the 1850s and 1860s sought to defend the rights of rural farm women."

In Good Faith?: Governing Indigenous Australia through God, Charity and Empire, 1825-1855

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Book Series: Aboriginal History Monograph ISBN: 9781921862113 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459277 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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In the early decades of the 19th century, Indigenous Australians suffered devastating losses at the hands of British colonists, who largely ignored their sovereignty and even their humanity. At the same time, however, a new wave of Christian humanitarians were arriving in the colonies, troubled by Aboriginal suffering and arguing that colonists had obligations towards the people they had dispossessed. These white philanthropists raised questions which have shaped Australian society ever since. Did Indigenous Australians have rights to land, rationing, education and cultural survival? If so, how should these be guaranteed, and what would people have to give up in return? Would charity and paternalism lead to effective government or dismal failure – to a powerful defence of an oppressed people, or to new forms of oppression? In Good Faith? paints a vivid picture of life on Australia’s first missions and protectorate stations, examining the tensions between charity and rights, empathy and imperialism, as well as the intimacy, dependence, resentment and obligations that developed between missionary philanthropists and the people they tried to protect and control. In this work, Mitchell brings to life hitherto neglected moments in Australia’s history, and traces the origins of dilemmas still present today.

Gustav Amsinck. Ein Hamburger Großkaufmann in New York

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Book Series: Mäzene für Wissenschaft ISBN: 9783937816920 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.MFW.11.116 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:18

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In 1857, the young Hamburg merchant Gustav Amsinck set off for the United States. In the booming metropolis of New York, he expanded his brother's "goods commission and banking business" with skill, diligence and a wealth of ideas. Under his aegis, G. Amsinck & Co. survived revolts in South America, attempts to defraud, and shipwrecks. In addition to its core business which consisted especially of sugar and coffee trading the merchant banker also invested in new barrel tyre patents, prefabricated houses and was involved in the construction of the Panama Canal. Privately, Gustav Amsinck appreciates the beautiful arts and traveling. When the Hamburgische Wissenschaftliche Stiftung came into being in 1907, he was one of its most important donors. This biography traces the rise of this man, who achieved prestige and wealth with Hanseatic merchants' virtues in the land of unlimited possibilities.

Eduard Hanslick

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ISBN: 9783205787365 Year: Pages: 610 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437212 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4272
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:46
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The present seventh volume of the new historical-critical complete edition of Eduard Hanslick's works contains texts of the years 1864 to 1865, which are for the most part contributions from the Vienna "Presse" and the "Neue Freie Presse", which Hanslick changed to when it was founded in 1864. In terms of content the texts offer a wide range. Apart from topical reviews there are basic essays on musical aesthetics, thoughts on the Italian opera in Vienna, historico-cultural accounts as well as basic reflections about the concert life in Vienna at that time. In particular Hanslick's research on the history of music in Vienna, which leads to "Geschichte des Concertwesens in Wien" published by Wilhelm Braumüller in 1869, shows in various single essays and a huge coherent series in "Oesterreichische Revue". Some articles were published shortly after in national music journals such as the "Niederrheinische Musik-Zeitung" or the Berlin music journal "Echo". Later Hanslick revised some of them for his well-known anthologies ("Die moderne Oper", "Aus dem Concertsaal. Geschichte des Concertwesens in Wien, II"). As before these texts were provided with lists of readings, which are printed subsequent to the respective article. The principles of publication did not change. Minor variations are: different spelling, change from spaced writing to normal distance of characters or vice versa, slight modifications of the wording, updating or additions. Major changes mainly consist in leaving out large parts of the text or rearranging text passages from different sources regarding particular subjects. The basic change in Hanslick's occupation as a critic that is his stronger attention to reviewing the performance, - as can be seen from the 1860s in particular - cannot be substantiated so well by his own editions, because he often left out parts related to the concert. From that point of view this edition not only provides a better overview of the Vienna concert life in these years than Hanslick's own edition but it also notes down in a much more precise way his changed approach to writing. Most of the texts, however, are completely unknown today. The essay in the comment part deals with Hanslick's change to the "Neue Freie Presse" and the importance of the latter for the circle of its authors. As before the notes characterize every single text briefly and analyse them according to their aesthetic relevance. The volume ends with a scientific apparatus (list of emended printing errors, list of abbreviations, bibliography and index of names).

Die Privatbibliothek Kaiser Franz’ I. von Österreich 1784-1835

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ISBN: 9783205796725 Year: Pages: 642 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_579670 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 280
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-23 11:01:12
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The former private library of Emperor Franz I (known today as "Habsburg-Iothringische Fideikommissbibliothek", housed in the Austrian National Library) is an outstanding book and graphic collction due to both the considerable extent and the exquisiteness of its holdings. This analysis is concerned with the library as a knowledge and memory institution; embedding its history in the political, social, intellectual and cultural contexts of the time.

Hermann Blohm. Gründer der Werft Blohm & Voss

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Book Series: Mäzene für Wissenschaft ISBN: 9783937816852 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.MFW.10.113 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:18

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As founders of the Blohm & Voss-Werft, Hermann Blohm and his partner Ernst Voss have gained importance far beyond Hamburg. By giving the company international recognition, he made a major contribution to the city's enormous upswing as a port and industrial location after 1877. In Hanseatic restraint, the patriarchal shipyard manager who managed his company with determination and rigour as a family-owned company, stepped back completely behind his work. After considerable initial difficulties, the shipyard expanded into a large enterprise. The ups and downs of the shipyard's history reflect the development of Germany in the Weimar Republic between the Wilhelminian era, the quest for power, the First World War, revolution and a new beginning. At the same time and primarily, this history comes alive in the biography of Hermann Blohm, who was also one of the donors of the Hamburgische Wissenschaftliche Stiftung (Hamburg Scientific Society).

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