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Private food law: Governing food chains through contract law, self-regulation, private standards, audits and certification schemes

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Book Series: EIFL: European Institute of Food Law series ISBN: 9789086867301 Year: Pages: 436 DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-730-1 Language: English
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

Since the turn of the Millennium, world-wide initiatives from the private sector have turned the regulatory environment for food businesses upside down. For the first time in legal literature this book analyses private law initiatives relating to the food chain, often referred to as private (voluntary) standards or schemes. Private standards are used to remedy flaws in legislation in order to reach higher levels of consumer protection than the ones chosen by the EU legislature and to manage risks and liability beyond the traditional limits of food businesses. We see that litigation is no longer solely framed by legislative requirements, but ever more by private standards such as GlobalGAP, BRC, IFS, SQF and ISO. These private standards incorporate public law requirements thus embedding them in contractual relations and exporting them beyond the jurisdiction of public legislators. This book also addresses how private standards play a role in defining specific markets of growing importance. It is noted that organic standards have found an interesting symbioses with public law.
Another development on this topic is that food businesses are inspected more often by private auditors than by public inspectors. Effects in terms of receiving or being denied certification far outweigh public law sanctions. In short private law has changed an entire legal infrastructure for the food sector. It emerges as competing with the public law regulatory infrastructure.
This book is of interest to all who concern themselves with food law legislation and litigation and the evolving role of private standards on changing the landscape of food chains and innovation.

Public Private Partnerships und oeffentliche Verschuldung

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Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631598788 Year: Pages: 305 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:12
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Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) erfreuen sich in Deutschland wachsender Beliebtheit. Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wird unter Berücksichtigung kameralistischer und doppischer Haushaltsführung betrachtet, ob die aus ihnen resultierenden Verbindlichkeiten in den öffentlichen Haushalten ausreichend transparent dargestellt werden und ob PPPs in Widerspruch zu den Verschuldungsregeln nach Art. 115 GG, Maastricht und der neuen Schuldenbremse stehen. Als Ergebnis bleibt festzuhalten, dass die transparente Darstellung der Verbindlichkeiten zwar leidet, aus schuldenrechtlicher Sicht allerdings nichts gegen die Durchführung von PPPs einzuwenden ist. Denn schließlich ergeben sich Anlässe zur Kritik aus aufgezeigten Schwächen des Haushalts- und Verschuldungsrechts, welche allerdings nicht zur Argumentation gegen die Durchführung von PPPs herangezogen werden sollten, wenn diese dazu dienen, öffentliche Leistungen wirtschaftlicher zu erbringen.

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