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Gamma Radiation

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ISBN: 9789535103165 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.5772/2054 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book brings new research insights on the properties and behavior of gamma radiation, studies from a wide range of options of gamma radiation applications in Nuclear Physics, industrial processes, Environmental Science, Radiation Biology, Radiation Chemistry, Agriculture and Forestry, sterilization, food industry, as well as the review of both advantages and problems that are present in these applications. The book is primarily intended for scientific workers who have contacts with gamma radiation, such as staff working in nuclear power plants, manufacturing industries and civil engineers, medical equipment manufacturers, oncologists, radiation therapists, dental professionals, universities and the military, as well as those who intend to enter the world of applications and problems of gamma radiation. Because of the global importance of gamma radiation, the content of this book will be interesting for the wider audience as well.

Scanning Electron Microscopy

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ISBN: 9789535100928 Year: Pages: 844 DOI: 10.5772/1973 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
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Today, an individual would be hard-pressed to find any science field that does not employ methods and instruments based on the use of fine focused electron and ion beams. Well instrumented and supplemented with advanced methods and techniques, SEMs provide possibilities not only of surface imaging but quantitative measurement of object topologies, local electrophysical characteristics of semiconductor structures and performing elemental analysis. Moreover, a fine focused e-beam is widely used for the creation of micro and nanostructures. The book's approach covers both theoretical and practical issues related to scanning electron microscopy. The book has 41 chapters, divided into six sections: Instrumentation, Methodology, Biology, Medicine, Material Science, Nanostructured Materials for Electronic Industry, Thin Films, Membranes, Ceramic, Geoscience, and Mineralogy. Each chapter, written by different authors, is a complete work which presupposes that readers have some background knowledge on the subject.

Current Topics in Ionizing Radiation Research

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ISBN: 9789535101963 Year: Pages: 856 DOI: 10.5772/2027 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
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Since the discovery of X rays by Roentgen in 1895, the ionizing radiation has been extensively utilized in a variety of medical and industrial applications. However people have shortly recognized its harmful aspects through inadvertent uses. Subsequently people experienced nuclear power plant accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima, which taught us that the risk of ionizing radiation is closely and seriously involved in the modern society. In this circumstance, it becomes increasingly important that more scientists, engineers and students get familiar with ionizing radiation research regardless of the research field they are working. Based on this idea, the book ""Current Topics in Ionizing Radiation Research"" was designed to overview the recent achievements in ionizing radiation research including biological effects, medical uses and principles of radiation measurement.

Advanced Aspects of Spectroscopy

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ISBN: 9789535107156 9789535142843 Year: Pages: 550 DOI: 10.5772/2757 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
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Spectroscopy is the study of absorption and emission of electromagnetic radiation due to the interaction between matter and energy that energy depends on the specific wavelength of electromagnetic radiation. This field has proven invaluable research tool in a number of areas including chemistry, physics, biology, medicine and ecology. The spectroscopic field of research is growing day-by-day and scientists are exploring new areas in this field by introducing new techniques. The main purpose of this book is to highlight these new spectroscopic techniques like Magnetic Induction Spectroscopy, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Low Energy Electron Loss Spectroscopy, Micro- to Macro-Raman Spectroscopy, Liquid-Immersion Raman Spectroscopy, High-Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HR-MAS) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy, Injection and Optical Spectroscopy, and Nano Spectroscopy. This book is divided into five sections including General Spectroscopy, Advanced Spectroscopy, Nano Spectroscopy, Organic Spectroscopy, and Physical Spectroscopy which cover topics from basic to advanced levels which will provide a good source of learning for teaching and research purposes.

Molecular Dynamics - Theoretical Developments and Applications in Nanotechnology and Energy

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ISBN: 9789535104438 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.5772/2383 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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Molecular Dynamics is a two-volume compendium of the ever-growing applications of molecular dynamics simulations to solve a wider range of scientific and engineering challenges. The contents illustrate the rapid progress on molecular dynamics simulations in many fields of science and technology, such as nanotechnology, energy research, and biology, due to the advances of new dynamics theories and the extraordinary power of today's computers. This first book begins with a general description of underlying theories of molecular dynamics simulations and provides extensive coverage of molecular dynamics simulations in nanotechnology and energy. Coverage of this book includes: Recent advances of molecular dynamics theory Formation and evolution of nanoparticles of up to 106 atoms Diffusion and dissociation of gas and liquid molecules on silicon, metal, or metal organic frameworks Conductivity of ionic species in solid oxides Ion solvation in liquid mixtures Nuclear structures

Plasmonics - Principles and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535107972 9789535142690 Year: Pages: 558 DOI: 10.5772/2633 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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The title of this book, Plasmonics: Principles and Applications, encompasses theory, technical issues, and practical applications which are of interest for diverse classes of the plasmonics. The book is a collection of the contemporary researches and developments in the area of plasmonics technology. It consists of 21 chapters that focus on interesting topics of modeling and computational methods, plasmonic structures for light transmission, focusing, and guiding, emerging concepts, and applications.

Physics-Based Probabilistic Motion Compensation of Elastically Deformable Objects

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783866448629 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: XIX, 212 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028591 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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A predictive tracking approach and a novel method for visual motion compensation are introduced, which accurately reconstruct and compensate the deformation of the elastic object, even in the case of complete measurement information loss. The core of the methods involves a probabilistic physical model of the object, from which all other mathematical models are systematically derived. Due to flexible adaptation of the models, the balance between their complexity and their accuracy is achieved.

Modelling the Human Cardiac Fluid Mechanics. 4th ed

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ISBN: 9783866447943 Year: Pages: 98 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000016552 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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With the Karlsruhe Heart Model (KaHMo) we aim to share our vision of integrated computational simulation across multiple disciplines of cardiovascular research, and emphasis yet again the importance of Modelling the Human Cardiac Fluid Mechanics within the framework of the international STICH study. The focus of this work is on integrated cardiovascular fluid mechanics, and the potential benefits to future cardiovascular research and the wider bio-medical community.

Exploring the Solar Wind

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ISBN: 9789535103394 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: 10.5772/2079 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Astronomy (General)
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This book consists of a selection of original papers of the leading scientists in the fields of Space and Planetary Physics, Solar and Space Plasma Physics with important contributions to the theory, modeling and experimental techniques of the solar wind exploration. Its purpose is to provide the means for interested readers to become familiar with the current knowledge of the solar wind formation and elemental composition, the interplanetary dynamical evolution and acceleration of the charged plasma particles, and the guiding magnetic field that connects to the magnetospheric field lines and adjusts the effects of the solar wind on Earth. I am convinced that most of the research scientists actively working in these fields will find in this book many new and interesting ideas.

Nanocrystals - Synthesis, Characterization and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535107149 9789535142836 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.5772/2560 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
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Nanocrystals research has been an area of significant interest lately, due to the wide variety of potential applications in semiconductor, optical and biomedical fields. This book consists of a collection of research work on nanocrystals processing and characterization of their structural, optical, electronic, magnetic and mechanical properties. Various methods for nanocrystals synthesis are discussed in the book. Size-dependent properties such as quantum confinement, superparamagnetism have been observed in semiconductor and magnetic nanoparticles. Nanocrystals incorporated into different material systems have proven to possess improved properties. A review of the exciting outcomes nanoparticles study has provided indicates further accomplishments in the near future.

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