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Conversational Repair and Human Understanding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781107002791 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630827 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:33

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Humans are imperfect, and problems of speaking, hearing and understanding are pervasive in ordinary interaction. This book examines the way we 'repair' and correct such problems as they arise in conversation and other forms of human interaction. The first book-length study of this topic, it brings together a team of scholars from the fields of anthropology, communication, linguistics and sociology to explore how speakers address problems in their own talk and that of others, and how the practices of repair are interwoven with non-verbal aspects of communication such as gaze and gesture, across a variety of languages. Specific chapters highlight intersections between repair and epistemics, repair and turn construction, and repair and action formation. Aimed at researchers and students in sociolinguistics, speech communication, conversation analysis and the broader human and social sciences to which they contribute - anthropology, linguistics, psychology and sociology - this book provides a state-of-the-art review of conversational repair, while charting new directions for future study.

Keywords

linguistics --- anthropology

META-NET Strategic Research Agenda for Multilingual Europe 2020

Authors: ---
Book Series: White Paper Series ISSN: 21941416 ISBN: 9783642363481 9783642363498 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36349-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Mathematics --- Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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In everyday communication, Europe’s citizens, business partners and politicians are inevitably confronted with language barriers. Language technology has the potential to overcome these barriers and to provide innovative interfaces to technologies and knowledge. This document presents a Strategic Research Agenda for Multilingual Europe 2020. The agenda was prepared by META-NET, a European Network of Excellence. META-NET consists of 60 research centres in 34 countries, who cooperate with stakeholders from economy, government agencies, research organisations, non-governmental organisations, language communities and European universities. META-NET’s vision is high-quality language technology for all European languages.

Culinary Linguistics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789027202932 Year: Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101356
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-04 11:02:16
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Language and food are universal to humankind. Language accomplishes more than a pure exchange of information, and food caters for more than mere subsistence. Both represent crucial sites for socialization, identity construction, and the everyday fabrication and perception of the world as a meaningful, orderly place. This volume contains an introduction to the study of food and an extensive overview of the literature focusing on its role in interplay with language. It is the only publication fathoming the field of food and food-related studies from a linguistic perspective. The research articles assembled here encompass a number of linguistic fields, ranging from historical and ethnographic approaches to literary studies, the teaching of English as a foreign language, psycholinguistics, and the study of computer-mediated communication, making this volume compulsory reading for anyone interested in genres of food discourse and the linguistic connection between food and culture.

On Ancient Grammars of Space. Linguistic Research on the Expression of Spatial Relations and Motion in Ancient Languages

Authors: ---
Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110311358 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: xxvi, 327 DOI: 10.1515/9783110311358 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-13 08:58:55
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This volume presents new research by the Topoi group "The Conception of Spaces in Language" on the expression of spatial relations in ancient languages. The six articles in this volume discuss static and dynamic aspects of the spatial grammars of Ancient to Medieval Greek, Akkadian, Hittite, and Hieroglyphic Ancient Egyptian, as well as field data on eight modern languages (Arabic, Hebrew, English, German, Russian, French, Italian, and Spanish). Among the grams discussed are spatial particles, motion verbs, case and, most prominently, spatial prepositions. All ancient language data are fully explained in linguistic word-by-word glosses and are therefore accessible to scholars who are not themselves experts on the respective languages. Taken together, these contributions extend the scope of research on spatial grammar back to the third millennium BCE.

Sign Language Research, Uses and Practices. Crossing Views on Theoretical and Applied Sign Language Linguistics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Sign Languages and Deaf Communities [SLDC] ISSN: 2192-516X ISBN: 9781614511472 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1515/9781614511472 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The uses and practices of sign languages are strongly related to scientific research on sign languages and vice versa. Conversely, sign linguistics cannot be separated from Deaf community practices, including practices in education and interpretation. Therefore, the current volume brings together work on sign language interpreting, the use of spoken and sign language with deaf children with cochlear implants and early language development in children exposed to both a spoken and sign language, and reports on recent research on aspects of sign language structure. It also includes papers addressing methodological issues in sign language research. The book presents papers by more seasoned researchers and new kids on the block, as well as papers in which the two collaborate. The contributions will be of interest to all those interested in linguistics, sociolinguistics, cultural studies, interpreting and education. It will have particular relevance to those interested in sign linguistics, sociolinguistics of deaf communities, Deaf studies, Deaf culture, sign language interpretation, sign language teaching, and (spoken/signed) bilingualism. Given the scarcity of literature on Deaf studies, the book will also appeal widely beyond the traditional academic milieu. As a result, it has relevance for those teaching and learning sign languages, for professional and student interpreters and for teachers of the deaf.

Essential Speech and Language Technology for Dutch: Results by the STEVIN-programme

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Book Series: Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing ISSN: 2192032X ISBN: 9783642309090 9783642309106 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-30910-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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The book provides an overview of more than a decade of joint R&D efforts in the Low Countries on HLT for Dutch. It not only presents the state of the art of HLT for Dutch in the areas covered, but, even more importantly, a description of the resources (data and tools) for Dutch that have been created are now available for both academia and industry worldwide.The contributions cover many areas of human language technology (for Dutch): corpus collection (including IPR issues) and building (in particular one corpus aiming at a collection of 500M word tokens), lexicology, anaphora resolution, a semantic network, parsing technology, speech recognition, machine translation, text (summaries) generation, web mining, information extraction, and text to speech to name the most important ones.The book also shows how a medium-sized language community (spanning two territories) can create a digital language infrastructure (resources, tools, etc.) as a basis for subsequent R&D. At the same time, it bundles contributions of almost all the HLT research groups in Flanders and the Netherlands, hence offers a view of their recent research activities.Targeted readers are mainly researchers in human language technology, in particular those focusing on Dutch. It concerns researchers active in larger networks such as the CLARIN, META-NET, FLaReNet and participating in conferences such as ACL, EACL, NAACL, COLING, RANLP, CICling, LREC, CLIN and DIR ( both in the Low Countries), InterSpeech, ASRU, ICASSP, ISCA, EUSIPCO, CLEF, TREC, etc. In addition, some chapters are interesting for human language technology policy makers and even for science policy makers in general.

The Linguistic Worldview

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788376560748 Year: Pages: 492 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560748 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:34:24
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The book is concerned with the linguistic worldview broadly understood, but it focuses on one particular variant of the idea, its sources, extensions, its critical assessment, and inspirations for related research. This approach is the ethnolinguistic linguistic worldview (LWV) program pursued in Lublin, Poland, and initiated and headed by Jerzy Bartmiński.In its basic design, the volume emerged from the theme of the conference held in Lublin in October 2011: “The linguistic worldview or linguistic views of worlds?” If the latter is the case, then what worlds? Is it a case of one language/one worldview? Are there literary or poetic worldviews? Are there auctorial worldviews? Many of the chapters are based on presentations from that conference, and others have been written especially for the volume. Generally, there are four kinds of contributions: (i) a presentation and exemplification of the “Lublin style” LWV approach; (ii) studies inspired by this approach but not following it in detail; (iii) independent but related and compatible research; and (iv) a critical reappraisal of some specific ideas proposed by Jerzy Bartmiński and his collaborators.

Oral Literature in the Digital Age: Archiving Orality and Connecting with Communities

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: World Oral Literature Series ISSN: 20507933 2054362X ISBN: 9781909254312 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 189 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0032 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Media and communication --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 13:46:44
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Thanks to ever-greater digital connectivity, interest in oral traditions has grown beyond that of researcher and research subject to include a widening pool of global users. When new publics consume, manipulate and connect with field recordings and digital cultural archives, their involvement raises important practical and ethical questions. This volume explores the political repercussions of studying marginalised languages; the role of online tools in ensuring responsible access to sensitive cultural materials; and ways of ensuring that when digital documents are created, they are not fossilized as a consequence of being archived. Fieldwork reports by linguists and anthropologists in three continents provide concrete examples of overcoming barriers—ethical, practical and conceptual—in digital documentation projects. Oral Literature in the Digital Age is an essential guide and handbook for ethnographers, field linguists, community activists, curators, archivists, librarians, and all who connect with indigenous communities in order to document and preserve oral traditions.

White Field, black seeds: Nordic literacy practices in the long nineteenth century

Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522224446 9789522227492 9789522224927 Year: Pages: 289 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.7 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:02:20
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"White field, black seeds – who can sow? Although the riddle from which this these words are taken comes from oral tradition, it refers to the ability to write, a skill which in most Nordic countries was not regarded as necessary for everyone. And yet a significant number of ordinary people with no access to formal schooling took up the pen and produced a variety of highly interesting texts: diaries, letters, memoirs, collections of folklore and handwritten newspapers. &#xD;&#xD;This collection presents the work of primarily Nordic scholars from fields such as linguistics, history, literature and folklore studies who share an interest in the production, dissemination and reception of written texts by non-privileged people during the long nineteenth century. "

Oral Literature in the Digital Age

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: World Oral Literature Series ISBN: 9781909254329 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0032 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:02:05
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Thanks to ever-greater digital connectivity, interest in oral traditions has grown beyond that of researcher and research subject to include a widening pool of global users. When new publics consume, manipulate and connect with field recordings and digital cultural archives, their involvement raises important practical and ethical questions. This volume explores the political repercussions of studying marginalised languages; the role of online tools in ensuring responsible access to sensitive cultural materials; and ways of ensuring that when digital documents are created, they are not fossilized as a consequence of being archived. Fieldwork reports by linguists and anthropologists in three continents provide concrete examples of overcoming barriers—ethical, practical and conceptual—in digital documentation projects. Oral Literature in the Digital Age is an essential guide and handbook for ethnographers, field linguists, community activists, curators, archivists, librarians, and all who connect with indigenous communities in order to document and preserve oral traditions.

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