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Saúde mental na infância : proposta de capacitação para atenção primária, Vol. 2

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ISBN: 9788582937273 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788582937273 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora Mackenzie
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-06 11:16:34
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Saúde mental na infância: proposta de capacitação para Atenção Primária apresenta um panorama da organização do sistema de saúde público atual e propõe o desenvolvimento de um modelo de capacitação profissional, por meio de um projeto piloto realizado na cidade de São Paulo, utilizando os recursos da teleducação interativa e o conceito de técnicas de comunicação. Resultado da parceria entre o Instituto acional de Psiquiatria do Desenvolvimento, a Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, a Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo e a Universidade Johns Hopkins, a obra serve como referência para profissionais atuantes na área da saúde e contribui com as pesquisas de professores e estudantes.

Keywords

MEDICAL

Medicinas indígenas e as políticas da tradição : entre discursos oficiais e vozes indígenas

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ISBN: 9788575415108 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788575415108 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-05 11:12:42
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Compreender o processo de emergência das medicinas tradicionais indígenas no campo das políticas públicas de saúde indígena é o objetivo deste livro, que analisa os discursos proferidos por uma diversidade de atores – indígenas e não indígenas, governamentais e não governamentais, nacionais e internacionais. Dessa forma, a obra revela uma dinâmica que vai do global e ao local, e transforma os contextos envolvidos, originando novas formações culturais. As políticas públicas que qualificam os seus objetos e público-alvo com a categoria ‘tradição’ conformam uma formação discursiva, definida pela autora como ‘políticas da tradição’. Um exemplo são as políticas voltadas à saúde indígena, que têm buscado reconhecer a eficácia das medicinas tradicionais indígenas e articulá-las com o sistema oficial de saúde. No entanto, “ao serem apropriados pelos povos indígenas, os discursos oficiais são postos a serviço dos seus interesses culturalmente situados – assim, estamos diante do fenômeno da indigenização”, diz a pesquisadora. E essa ‘indigenização’ se refere aos processos “levados a efeito pelos povos indígenas ao se apropriarem das políticas públicas a fim de manter a sua autonomia e reverter a seu favor o controle que o Estado passa a exercer sobre o mundo da vida de suas comunidades”. O livro busca contribuir para a consolidação do direito indígena à atenção diferenciada à sua saúde, considerando as relações historicamente construídas entre povos indígenas e Estado.

Keywords

MEDICAL

Das arztrechtliche System als Grenze der arbeitsteiligen Medizin - zugleich ein Beitrag zur privatrechtsdogmatischen Integration des Arztrechts

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863950965 Year: Pages: 328 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-05-10 23:58:27
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Modern medicine is increasingly characterised by the division of labour. Therefore, this process as well as the concepts of delegation and substitution need to be clarified on a juridical basis. Accordingly, this dissertation is an approach to answer relevant questions of medical law, such as: Which concrete medical processes can be carried out based on the division of labour without risking legal steps regarding liability or pay to be taken? Based on distinct principles of medical law, the author thus develops a systematic framework for the division of medical labour. In this regard, an applicable and simultaneously docmatically substantiated method is focussed.

Keywords

Medical Law

Gerecht sorgen - Verständigungsprozesse über den Einsatz knapper Ressourcen bei Patienten am Lebensende

Authors: ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863951160 Year: Pages: 202 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-05-10 23:58:30
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Viele Menschen sterben heute im hohen Alter nach längerer chronischer Erkrankung. Aufgrund des medizinischen Fortschritts ist es möglich, menschliches Leben selbst unter sehr prekären Bedingungen zu erhalten; schwierige Entscheidungen über den weiteren Therapieverlauf sind unausweichlich. Angesichts der Endlichkeit der zur Verfügung stehenden Ressourcen werden mit Entscheidungen zur Therapieverlängerung zugleich heikle Fragen der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit aufgeworfen. Die Versorgung in der letzten Lebensphase ist besonders kostenintensiv. Wenn sehr teure Behandlungen zur Verfügung stehen, kommt es zu Konkurrenzsituationen, die eine Begrenzung („Rationierung“) notwendig macht. Welche Kriterien dürfen dabei aus medizinischer, rechtlicher, ökonomischer und ethischer Sicht herangezogen werden, welche sind möglicherweise problematisch? Was heißt es, angesichts von Knappheit eine gerechte und sorgende Gesellschaft zu sein (Leonard M. Fleck)?

Keywords

Medical Law

The Acute-Care Nurse Practitioner: A Transformational Journey

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ISBN: 9781927356265 9781927356272 9781927356289 Year: Pages: 292 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 17:04:53
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The Acute-Care Nurse Practitioner is based on in-depth interviews with twenty-six nurse practitioners working in acute-care settings within tertiary-care institutions all across Canada. Employing a hermeneutic approach, Rashotte explores the perspectives from which NPs view their reality as they undergo a transformational journey of becoming a journey that is directed both outward, into the world, and inward, into the self. We learn how, in their struggle to engage in a meaningful practice that fulfills their goals as nurses, their purpose was hindered or achieved. In large part, the story unfolds in the voices of the NPs themselves, but their words are complemented by descriptive passages and excerpts of poetry that construct an animated and powerful commentary on their journey.

Keywords

nursing --- interview --- role --- medical

Ted Freeman and the Battle for the Injured Brain: A case history of professional prejudice

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ISBN: 9781922144317 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459991 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:23
License: ANU Press

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This book recounts some experiences of young Australians with catastrophic brain injuries, their families and the medical system which they encountered. Whilst most of the events described occurred two to three decades ago they raise questions relevant to contemporary medical practice. The patients whose stories are told were deemed to be ‘unsuitable for rehabilitation’ and their early placement in nursing homes was recommended. In 2013, it is time to acknowledge that the adage of ‘one size fits all’ has no place in rehabilitation in response to severe brain injury. Domiciliary rehabilitation, when practicable, may be optimal with the alternative of slow stream rehabilitation designed to facilitate re-entry into the community.&#xD;&#xD;Patients’ families were impelled to undertake heroic carers’ commitments as a reaction to nihilistic medical prognoses. It is time for the Australian health care system to acknowledge those commitments, and the budgetary burden which they lift from the system by providing family members with support to retrieve career opportunities, most notably in education and employment, which have been foregone in caring.&#xD;&#xD;Medical attendants repeatedly issued negative prognoses which were often confounded by the patient’s long term progress. Hopefully, those undertaking the acute care of young people with severe brain injury will strive to acquire an open mind and recognise that a prognosis based on a snapshot observation of the patient, without any longer term contact provides a flawed basis for a prognosis. The story of these patients and of Dr Ted Freeman has wider implications.

Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon

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ISBN: 9788376560236 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560236 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:12:22
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“Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon”, an edited volume based on the conference held on March 17th, 2012, is part of the Simon Online project – a dynamically growing Wiki edition of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a Latin-Greek-Arabic medical dictionary from the late 13th century. In the individual articles, written by well-known scholars, authorities in their fields of research, Simon and his major work, are approached from different perspectives and as a whole. The volume offers a comprehensible and well-balanced collection of current research on Simon and Clavis sanationis.The volume demonstrates the importance of the Clavis, not only for the history of pharmacology and medicine, but also for Byzantine and medieval studies, Roman, Greek, Latin and Arabic philology and lexicography.Barbara Zipser (Doctor of Philosophy, Wellcome Trust University Award 2006, 2010) is a researcher at the Centre for the Study of the Body and Material Culture, History Department, Royal Holloway University of London. Her main field of research is Greek medicine from Galen to the late Middle Ages, with an emphasis on textual criticism, manuscript transmission, and the formation of Greek vernacular terminology. Dr Zipser is a well-known and promising young scholar in the field of Ancient and Medieval Medicine. She runs Simon Online (http://www.simonofgenoa.org) – the joint edition and translation project of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a dictionary of Latin, Greek and Arabic medical terminology in Wiki format.

Concept and Design of a Hand-held Mobile Robot System for Craniotomy

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ISBN: 9783731500186 Year: Pages: XXIV, 194 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000034461 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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This work demonstrates a highly intuitive robot for Surgical Craniotomy Procedures. Utilising a wheeled hand-held robot, to navigate the Craniotomy Drill over a patient's skull, the system does not remove the surgeons from the procedure, but supports them during this critical phase of the operation.

Negotiating bioethics

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Book Series: Genetics and society ISBN: 9780415533461 9780203101797 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 075315
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-08 21:28:17
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The sequencing of the entire human genome has opened up unprecedented possibilities for healthcare, but also ethical and social dilemmas about how these can be achieved, particularly in developing countries. UNESCO's Bioethics Programme was established to address such issues in 1993. Since then, it has adopted three declarations on human genetics and bioethics (1997, 2003 and 2005), set up numerous training programmes around the world and debated the need for an international convention on human reproductive cloning. Negotiating Bioethics presents Langlois' research on the negotiation and implementation of the three declarations and the human cloning debate, based on fieldwork carried out in Kenya, South Africa, France and the UK, among policy-makers, geneticists, ethicists, civil society representatives and industry professionals. The book examines whether the UNESCO Bioethics Programme is an effective forum for (a) decision-making on bioethics issues and (b) ensuring ethical practice. Considering two different aspects of the UNESCO Bioethics Programme - deliberation and implementation - at international and national levels, Langlois explores: - how relations between developed and developing countries can be made more equal - who should be involved in global level decision-making and how this should proceed - how overlap between initiatives can be avoided - what can be done to improve the implementation of international norms by sovereign states - how far universal norms can be contextualized - what impact the efficacy of national level governance has at international level Drawing on extensive empirical research, Negotiating Bioethics presents a truly global perspective on bioethics

Contextualizing bioethics (Book chapter)

Book title: Negotiating bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9780203101797 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 075315
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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The sequencing of the entire human genome has opened up unprecedented possibilities for healthcare, but also ethical and social dilemmas about how these can be achieved, particularly in developing countries. UNESCO's Bioethics Programme was established to address such issues in 1993. Since then, it has adopted three declarations on human genetics and bioethics (1997, 2003 and 2005), set up numerous training programmes around the world and debated the need for an international convention on human reproductive cloning. Negotiating Bioethics presents Langlois' research on the negotiation and implementation of the three declarations and the human cloning debate, based on fieldwork carried out in Kenya, South Africa, France and the UK, among policy-makers, geneticists, ethicists, civil society representatives and industry professionals. The book examines whether the UNESCO Bioethics Programme is an effective forum for (a) decision-making on bioethics issues and (b) ensuring ethical practice. Considering two different aspects of the UNESCO Bioethics Programme - deliberation and implementation - at international and national levels, Langlois explores: - how relations between developed and developing countries can be made more equal - who should be involved in global level decision-making and how this should proceed - how overlap between initiatives can be avoided - what can be done to improve the implementation of international norms by sovereign states - how far universal norms can be contextualized - what impact the efficacy of national level governance has at international level Drawing on extensive empirical research, Negotiating Bioethics presents a truly global perspective on bioethics

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