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Quantum Physics

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ISBN: 9782722602731 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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From the infinitely small to the infinitely big, covering over 60 spatial orders of magnitude, quantum theory is used as much to describe the still largely mysterious vibrations of the microscopic strings that could be the basic constituents of the Universe, as to explain the fluctuations of the microwave radiation reaching us from the depths of outer space. Serge Haroche tells us about the scientific theory that revolutionised our understanding of nature and made an extraordinary contributio...

Physics of the Earth’s Interior

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ISBN: 9782722602342 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions: the extent of certain recent natural disasters and their dramatic consequences have reminded us of the power of terrestrial phenomena and of the need for scientific research to understand the Earth’s dynamics more fully. Over the last twenty years the study of the Earth’s interior has witnessed a real revolution, owing in particular to the development of increasingly sophisticated seismic tomography techniques and the powerful computations made possi...

Realist Magic

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Book Series: New Metaphysics ISBN: 9781607852025 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3998/ohp.13106496.0001.001 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Mathematics --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-11 11:01:12
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Object-oriented ontology offers a startlingly fresh way to think about causality that takes into account developments in physics since 1900. Causality, argues, Object Oriented Ontology (OOO), is aesthetic. In this book, Timothy Morton explores what it means to say that a thing has come into being, that it is persisting, and that it has ended. Drawing from examples in physics, biology, ecology, art, literature and music, Morton demonstrates the counterintuitive yet elegant explanatory power of OOO for thinking causality.

Keywords

ontology --- physics --- causality

Optoelectronics - Advanced Materials and Devices

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535109228 9789535142584 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.5772/3463 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Optoelectronics - Advanced Materials and Devices is a second edition following the initial Optoelectronics - Materials and Techniques book published in 2011 as part of the InTech collection of international works on optoelectronics. Optoelectronics, as the discipline devoted to the study and application of electronic devices that emit, detect, and otherwise control light, has widely proliferated globally and enabled many of today's modern conveniences. Because of this ubiquity, new applications and novel optical phenomena continue to drive innovation. Accordingly, as with the first book of the collection, this book covers recent achievements by specialists around the world. The growing number of countries participating in this endeavor including now Brazil, Canada, China, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, Ukraine, USA, and Vietnam as well as joint participation of the US and Moldova scientists in edition of this book and writing one of its Chapters testify to the unifying effect of science. An interested reader will find in the book the description of properties and applications employing organic and inorganic materials, such as different polymers, oxides and semiconductors, as well as the methods of fabrication and analysis of operation and regions of application of modern optoelectronic devices.

Research and Pedagogy: A History of Quantum Physics through Its Textbooks

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Book Series: Studies 2: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844258714 Year: Pages: 302 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 12:34:48
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Historians of quantum physics and early quantum mechanics have seldom paid attention to the ways the new theory was integrated in physics textbooks, perhaps taking for granted that novelties in science can only be taught once they are fully understood and generally accepted. The essays in this volume challenge this view by studying some of the early books and textbooks in which quantum theory was first introduced. By so doing, the authors show the many ways books and textbooks embody pedagogical and research practices in certain local environments (geographical, disciplinary, in terms of expertise, etc.), as well as the circular feedback between research and pedagogy.Textbooks can become the subject of a history of early quantum physics since the very process of writing a textbook, (i.e., of trying to organise a new doctrine to the newcomer in an accessible way), together with its life as an object that is issued, used, changed, and abandoned, incorporates many of the tensions between research and pedagogy. Furthermore, the life of these books can also help us better situate less known actors in the history of quantum physics, by bringing into the picture the reasons, the context, the research agenda, and other aspects that cannot be found in the publication of research papers or in the abundant correspondence between the main physicists involved in this story.The case studies collected in this volume may, at first glance, look like a heterogeneous set. Some books were not, in fact, primarily addressing quantum theory as such, but including some of its early principles in re-shaping the established foundational principles and modes of teaching in fields such as optics and physical chemistry. Others were written by scientists not directly involved in the development of the new physics, and their books were addressed at an audience interested in having only a superficial knowledge of the theory of quanta. Finally, the main actors in the formulation of quantum theory wrote books on the quantum for different purposes: as a way to organise their thoughts, to spread a particular interpretation of the theory, or to press for their personal research agendas, among others. This heterogeneity is, however, the tool the editors use to give a full picture of the role of early textbooks in the history of quantum physics.

Traditions and Transformations in the History of Quantum Physics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Proceedings 5: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844251340 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 13:05:10
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More than a century after the beginning of the quantum revolution, historians continue to explore new facets in the history of quantum physics, and to re-examine some of its better-known aspects. The thirteen papers collected in this volume, by authors from five continents, present central trends in the current study of quantum physics within its theoretical, experimental, philosophical, technological and social contexts. They discuss developments from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first century and go beyond the traditional focus on Europe and North America to include China and Japan, and beyond the Heisenbergs and Diracs to reveal the role of actors who hitherto have played only a marginal role in historical account, but left their mark on the development of quantum physics. Also a wider array of subdisciplines comes into view, from optics to quantum gravity through quantum electrodynamics, from atomic and nuclear to condense matter physics and foundations of physics. Moreover, the volume shows that fields such as dispersion, physical chemistry and solid state physics should not be seen merely as areas of applications of ideas that evolved in other contexts, but should be regarded as birthplaces of important theoretical insights. The perspective of the papers ranges from local histories to global discussions, from conceptual changes via the role of experimentation to interactions with social and technological forces and to the interpretation of the theory.

Radar Forward Operator for Verification of Cloud Resolving Simulations within the COSMO Model

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 1795619 ISBN: 9783731501725 Year: Volume: 62 Pages: VI, 124 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000038411 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this work, various simulation methods of the effective radar reflectivity factor and its attenuation by atmospheric particles from the variables of the COSMO model have been implemented within a so-called radar forward operator, and its output was compared to measurements from the German radar network. To perform a statistically reliable model verification, contoured frequency by altitude diagrams (CFADs) were used and refined.

Syntheses and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Composites

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Book Series: 2013-05-09 ISBN: 9789535111252 9789535142492 Year: Pages: 550 DOI: 10.5772/3377 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets with a quasi-one-dimensional structure of nanometer-scale diameter. In these last twenty years, carbon nanotubes have attracted much attention from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and electronic device engineers, because of their excellent structural, electronic, optical, chemical and mechanical properties. More recently, demand for innovative industrial applications of carbon nanotubes is increasing. This book covers recent research topics regarding syntheses techniques of carbon nanotubes and nanotube-based composites, and their applications. The chapters in this book will be helpful to many students, engineers and researchers working in the field of carbon nanotubes.

Advances in Graphene Science

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ISBN: 9789535111825 9789535142430 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.5772/51689 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Graphene is proving to be the magic material of the 21th century. It is widely accepted that it is the strongest material ever studied and can be an efficient substitute for silicon. Besides, fascinating properties of graphene, such as the highest electrical conductivity among the discovered substances, have dramatically shocked science and technology world. Graphene is a carbon based layer with high atomic density. Its extraordinary characteristics such as extremely high mechanical strength, hardness, and adjustable thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as excellent surface and optical feature through chemical marking, have received great deal of attention by many researchers. This book collects new advances of this interesting nanomaterial.

Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies ISSN: 2213784X ISBN: 9783642341373 9783642341380 Year: Pages: 69 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34138-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Transportation --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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This book summarizes results of longstanding research and scientific contributions from many projects and relevant working groups. It collects and evaluates wind and wave climate projections under changing climate having design needs and marine safety in focus. Potential impact of projected climate change in met-ocean conditions on ships and offshore structures is discussed and illustrated by an example of the expected wave climate change on tanker design.

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