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Consciousness and Action Control

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193158 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-315-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
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The basic nuts and bolts underlying human behavior remain mysterious from a scientific point of view. Everyday acts - naming an object, suppressing the urge to say something, or grabbing a waiter’s attention with a “cappuccino, please” - remain difficult to understand from a mechanistic standpoint. Despite these challenges, research has begun to illuminate, not only the basic processes underlying human action production, but the role of conscious processing in the control of behavior. This Research Topic, “Consciousness and the Control of Action,” is devoted to surveying and synthesizing these developments from disparate fields of study.

Animation et intervention sociale : parcours, formations, enjeux

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ISBN: 9791093839004 9791093839059 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage est issu du 6e colloque international du Réseau International de l'Animation (RIA) organisé à Paris au mois d'octobre 2013 par l'Association des Départements Carrières Sociales de France (ADCS). Durant trois journées, plus de 200 participants, chercheurs et praticiens, de 21 nationalités et territoires différents, ont pu témoigner de leurs travaux et pratiques, confronter leurs observations et analyses, échanger autour du thème « Animation socioculturelle et intervention sociale :...

Animation, vie associative, des acteurs s'engagent

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ISBN: 9782954139074 9791093839073 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage est issu du 6e colloque international organisé à Paris au mois d'octobre 2013 par l'Association des Départements Carrières Sociales de France (ADCS) pour le compte du Réseau International de l'Animation (RIA). A l'occasion de ce colloque, plus de 200 participants, chercheurs et praticiens, de 21 nationalités et territoires différents, ont pu témoigner de leurs travaux et pratiques, confronter leurs observations et analyses, échanger autour des problématiques interrogeant les réali...

L’animation socioculturelle, quelle place dans le projet urbain ?

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ISBN: 9782954139098 9791093839066 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage fait suite au 29e colloque organisé à Bordeaux, en janvier 2013, par l'Institut Supérieur d'Ingénieurs-Animateurs Territoriaux (ISIAT) de l'IUT Bordeaux Montaigne et ses partenaires. Cette rencontre scientifique a accueilli une cinquantaine de communications sur le thème « L'animation socioculturelle, quelle place dans le projet urbain ? ». À travers une série de textes reprenant certains thèmes saillants du colloque, enseignants-chercheurs, doctorants, praticiens et concepteurs ...

Qu'est-ce que résister ?

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ISBN: 9782757407813 9782757414330 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 14:25:19
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Freinage, refus d'obtempérer, conflits manifestes ou masqués, la permanence et le renouvellement des formes contestataires dans le monde du travail sont des faits attestés comme en témoigne le développement récent des travaux sur le sujet. Les désigner tout comme les définir ne va cependant pas de soi. Pourquoi mobiliser le terme de résistance pour rendre compte des pratiques observées ? Qu’apporte-il à l’analyse et à la compréhension des réalités sociales ? Cet ouvrage collectif propose des ...

The role of body and environment in cognition

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192625 Year: Pages: 275 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-262-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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Recent evidence has shown many ways in which our bodies and the environment influence cognition. In this Research Topic we aim to develop our understanding of cognition by considering the diverse and dynamic relationship between the language we use, our bodily perceptions, and our actions and interactions in the broader environment. There are already many empirical effects illustrating the continuity of mind- body-environment: manipulating body posture influences diverse areas such as mood, hormonal responses, and perception of risk; directing attention to a particular sensory modality can affect language processing, signal detection, and memory performance; placing implicit cues in the environment can impact upon social behaviours, moral judgements, and economic decision making. This Research Topic includes papers that explore the question of how our bodies and the environment influence cognition, such as how we mentally represent the world around us, understand language, reason about abstract concepts, make judgements and decisions, and interact with objects and other people. Contributions focus on empirical, theoretical, methodological or modelling issues as well as opinion pieces or contrasting perspectives. Topic areas include, perception and action, social cognition, emotion, language processing, modality-specific representations, spatial representations, gesture, atypical embodiment, perceptual simulation, cognitive modelling and perspectives on the future of embodiment.

Human Pose Estimation with Implicit Shape Models

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Automatische Sichtprüfung und Bildverarbeitung ISSN: 18665934 ISBN: 9783731501848 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: XVIII, 264 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000039083 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This work presents a new approach for estimating 3D human poses based on monocular camera information only. For this, the Implicit Shape Model is augmented by new voting strategies that allow to localize 2D anatomical landmarks in the image. The actual 3D pose estimation is then formulated as a Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) where projected 3D pose hypotheses are compared with the generated landmark vote distributions.

Cortico-cortical Communication Dynamics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192885 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-288-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:07
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Neurons communicate by sending action potentials down their axons and release neurotransmitter at the synapses with target neurons in nearby or remote regions. Although we know the approximate connectivity of cortico-cortical axons in several species, this does not enable us to predict the communication dynamics. The cortico-cortical communication dynamics specify how the communication evolves in real time and cortical space ms by ms. Currently we are only beginning to appreciate this space-time dynamics from multielectrode recordings, imaging of Ca2+ transients and membrane voltage simultaneously over several areas during brain tasks, perception or preparation for behavior. The results from such experiments indeed challenge traditional ideas of cortico-cortical communications. The communication dynamics in these conditions differ somewhat from that present in steady states that are characterized as fix points or as oscillatory states (limit cycles). There are, however, realistic computational models of communications between several areas or the whole cortex, which have been able to express communication dynamics mimicking the experimentally obtained results during brain tasks, such as perception and decision making. This Research Topic issue will welcome communications in any form, experimental, theoretical, conceptual, and even better combinations of these, on real time cortico-cortical communication dynamics. The introductions must include sections of review character – helping readers outside the field to understand the context in which the contribution is placed.

The Darfur Refugees’ Plight

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ISBN: 9782940503605 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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The Darfur crisis has left behind a profound legacy of displacement, with some 300,000 refugees camped on the Chadian side of the border and about 2 million displaced internally within Darfur. Despite a reduction in armed hostilities and violent casualties since 2006, as well as a peace agreement signed at Doha in 2011, limited signs of voluntary repatriation are visible from eastern Chad; where refugees are seemingly willing, but not ready, to return. Further to the Doha peace settlement, th...

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