Search results: Found 35

Listing 1 - 10 of 35 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by
Pursuing Livelihoods, Imagining Development Smallholders in Highland Lampung, Indonesia

Author:
ISBN: 9781925021479 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469192 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:30
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This monograph explores the ways in which people experience ‘development’ and how development shapes and maintains their lives. The discussion begins with Lampung Province, moves to one of the province’s highland regions, and ends in a village in this highland region. Colonial and post-colonial initiatives drove the transformation of Lampung in the twentieth century bringing mixed results and effects including rapid growth in agricultural production, the formation of ‘wealthy zones’ in some areas, and the creation of pockets of poverty in other areas. In Sumber Jaya and the highlands of Way Tenong, migrants have transformed one of Lampung’s last frontier regions into one of its ‘wealthy zones’. Although the bulk of these migrants migrated spontaneously, they were integrated within the framework of planned development. The level of progress that the region has achieved is largely the result of villagers’ efforts to bring state resources to the village. In conflict with forestry authorities for decades, farmers in some villages have agreed to establish a new relationship with authorities, but the struggle for control over land resources continues.

Keywords

indonesia --- development

Education, Learning, Training

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004281141 9789004281158 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613430 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In Education, Learning, Training: Critical Issues for Development, renowned scholars and practitioners examine shifts in global education policy and practice over the last 50 years.

Global Water Issues and Insights

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781925021660 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_496490 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 11:01:09
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book brings together some of the world’s leading water researchers with an especially written collection of chapters on: water economics; transboundary water; water and development; water and energy; and water concepts.

Keywords

economics --- development --- transboundary --- water

What we learn and when we learn it: sensitive periods in development

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193271 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-327-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The impact of training or experience is not the same at all points in development. Children who receive music lessons, or learn a second language before age 7-8 are more proficient as adults. Early exposure to drugs or trauma makes people more likely to become addicted or depressed later life. Rat pups exposed to specific frequencies from 9-13 days post-partum show expanded cortical representations of these frequencies. Young birds must hear and copy their native song within 1-2 months of birth or they may never learn it at all. These are examples of sensitive periods: developmental windows where maturation and specific experience interact to produce differential long-term effects on the brain and behavior. While still controversial, evidence for the existence of sensitive periods has grown, as has our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of brain plasticity. Behavioral evidence from studies of language, psychopathology or vision in humans has been complemented by evidence elucidating molecular, gene and hormonal mechanisms in animals. It has been proposed that sensitive periods can be both opened and closed by specific experience, and that there are multiple, overlapping sensitive periods that occur through-out development as functions come on line. It is also likely that experience-dependent behavioral or brain plasticity accrued during one sensitive period can serve as a scaffold on which later experience and plasticity can build. Based on current knowledge, there are a number of broad questions and challenges to be addressed in this domain, these include: generating new information about the neurobiological mediators of structural and functional changes; proposing models of brain development that will better predict when sensitive periods should occur and what functions are implicated; investigation of the interaction between experience during a sensitive period and pre-existing individual differences; and the relationship between experience during a sensitive period and on-going experience. The goal of this Research Topic is to bring together scientists in different fields whose work addresses these issues, including animal and human developmental neuroscience, language and cognitive development, education, developmental psychopathology and sensory neuroscience.

Indian Villages

Author:
ISBN: 9782940503643 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book presents a unique testimony on the evolution of the Indian peasant's world over more than sixty years. Its originality lies in part in the unique trajectory of its author, Gilbert Étienne, an exceptional man, all at once scientific traveller, thinker of the North/South relationships and economist concerned by sociology and history inputs. In unfolding the story of his passionate relationship with India, the author offers a very personal look which takes into account not only crop di...

Economic Complexity and Human Development

Author:
ISBN: 9780415858915 9780203722084 Year: Pages: 242 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book constitutes my doctoral thesis in economics at the University of Hohenheim. But more than a title, it is the final outcome of a research journey&#xD;of seven years, which has taken me from Germany to Spain, Peru, Brazil,&#xD;Netherlands, England and Turkey, collecting information and seeking advice&#xD;on the relations between economic development and human development.&#xD;This research endeavour aims to contribute to the creation of bridges between&#xD;structural change and human development research and examine the variety of&#xD;methods that allow us to explore and research the complex relations between&#xD;social networks, economic diversity and human development. It is highly sceptical&#xD;of two-dimensional categorizations, such as black-and-white thinking, which&#xD;simplify a multidimensional and complex world.

Buchführung für die Ewigkeit

Author:
ISBN: 9783034011969 Year: Pages: 486 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605212 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163518
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-23 11:01:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Rainer Hugener Books of Life. Commemorating the Dead in Medieval Switzerland&#xD;&#xD;How were religious practices of remembering the deceased connected to the admin-istration of landholdings and the writing of history in the Middle Ages? Based on intertextual relations between necrologies, rent-rolls, and chronicles from Swiss regions, this study shows how commemorating the dead required new techniques of writing that were not only meant to promote salvation, but also helped enforce local lordship. By celebrating the anniversaries of battles and other crucial events, the authorities of the Swiss cantons propagated a historical concept of identity which continues to influence Switzerland's self-perception even today. Rainer Hugener emphasizes the role of religious commemoration for the development of "modern" bureaucracy and offers a new perspective on the founding myths of the Swiss Con-federacy. The book is completed by an exhaustive catalogue of more than 1000 pre-modern necrologies from Swiss monasteries, cathedrals, collegiate and parish churches.

Governing Failure - Provisional Expertise and the Transformation of Global Development Finance

Author:
ISBN: 9781107035041 9781139542739 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472457 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Jacqueline Best argues that the changes in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and donor policies in the 1990s, towards what some have called the 'Post-Washington Consensus,' were driven by an erosion of expert authority and an increasing preoccupation with policy failure. Failures such as the Asian financial crisis and the decades of despair in sub-Saharan Africa led these institutions to develop governance strategies designed to avoid failure: fostering country ownership, developing global standards, managing risk and vulnerability and measuring results. In contrast to the structural adjustment era when policymakers were confident that they had all the answers, the author argues that we are now in an era of provisional governance, in which key actors are aware of the possibility of failure even as they seek to inoculate themselves against it. This book considers the implications of this shift, asking if it is a positive change and whether it is sustainable. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Understanding the Global Energy Crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Purdue Studies in Public Policy ISBN: 9781557536617 9781612493091 9781612493107 9781557537010 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469619 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:34
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Central issues in global energy are discussed through interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from both North America and Europe with overview from historical, political, and socio-cultural perspectives, outlining the technology and policy issues facing the development of major conventional and renewable energy sources. We are facing a global energy crisis caused by world population growth, an escalating increase in demand, and continued dependence on fossil-based fuels for generation. It is widely accepted that increases in greenhouse gas concentration levels, if not reversed, will result in major changes to world climate with consequential effects on our society and economy. This is just the kind of intractable problem that Purdue University’s Global Policy Research Institute seeks to address in the Purdue Studies in Public Policy series by promoting the engagement between policy makers and experts in fields such as engineering and technology.&#xD; &#xD;Major steps forward in the development and use of technology are required. In order to achieve solutions of the required scale and magnitude within a limited timeline, it is essential that engineers be not only technologically-adept but also aware of the wider social and political issues that policy-makers face. Likewise, it is also imperative that policy makers liaise closely with the academic community in order to realize advances. This book is designed to bridge the gap between these two groups, with a particular emphasis on educating the socially-conscious engineers and technologists of the future.&#xD; &#xD;In this accessibly-written volume, central issues in global energy are discussed through interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from both North America and Europe. The first section provides an overview of the nature of the global energy crisis approached from historical, political, and sociocultural perspectives. In the second section, expert contributors outline the technology and policy issues facing the development of major conventional and renewable energy sources. The third and final section explores policy and technology challenges and opportunities in the distribution and consumption of energy, in sectors such as transportation and the built environment. The book’s epilogue suggests some future scenarios in energy distribution and use. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma

ISBN: 9783906980461 9783906980584 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:17:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Soft tissue and bone sarcomas disproportionately affect children, adolescents, and young adults. Although considered a rare disease, sarcomas continue to have a devastating effect on these patients and their loved ones, and their impact on our society far exceed their relatively low prevalence. Because of its rarity and heterogeneity, clinical decision making on management of sarcomas are often individualized and without a consensus treatment strategy. Furthermore, research to improve clinical outcomes are particularly challenging as sizeable studies are hard to produce. By improving our knowledge about the molecular biology of sarcomas, we hope to identify new treatment strategies and targets for further drug development. [...]

Listing 1 - 10 of 35 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by