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The Alor-Pantar languages: History and typology

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ISBN: 9783944675480 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_533875 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-09-24 15:10:12
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Abstract

The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Papuan (Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken on
the islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern In-
donesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up the
Timor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and are
under pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national lan-
guage, Indonesian.
This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of this
interesting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features,
such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument on
the verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphologi-
cal alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence of
quinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involving
an elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinship
systems.
Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not ex-
hibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffix
subject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity in
their pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-final
syntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages share
with Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them show
some traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrow-
ing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay and
Indonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantar
region.

50 years after the perceptron, 25 years after PDP: Neural computation in language sciences

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192571 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-257-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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This Research Topic aims to showcase the state of the art in language research while celebrating the 25th anniversary of the tremendously influential work of the PDP group, and the 50th anniversary of the perceptron. Although PDP models are often the gold standard to which new models are compared, the scope of this Research Topic is not constrained to connectionist models. Instead, we aimed to create a landmark forum in which experts in the field define the state of the art and future directions of the psychological processes underlying language learning and use, broadly defined. We thus called for papers involving computational modeling and original research as well as technical, philosophical, or historical discussions pertaining to models of cognition. We especially encouraged submissions aimed at contrasting different computational frameworks, and their relationship to imaging and behavioral data.

Die altgermanischen Toponyme sowie die ungermanischen Toponyme Germaniens

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ISBN: 9783902575623 Year: Pages: 434 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_507993 Language: German
Publisher: Fassbaender Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 130
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:16
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This handbook of Old Germanic toponyms is a comprehen-sive collection of Germanic, possibly Germanic and non-Germanic geographical names of Magna Germania and the adjacent provinces. The selection of headwords is based on Hermann Reichert´s Lexikon der altgermanischen Namen (LaN). In the articles, the current state of research concer-ning the localization of the ancient places (, rivers, forests and mountains) and concerning the etymology and word for¬mation of the toponyms is documented and critically dis-cussed.

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2014 (3)