Search results: Found 6

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by
The Science of Materials: from Materials Discovered by Chance to Customized Materials

Author:
ISBN: 9782722603387 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-20 10:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Throughout the ages, humans have applied knowledge and know-how to master materials. They have gone from materials encountered by chance available in their environment to customized materials designed to meet multi-criteria specifications. Today, owing particularly to digital modelling on different scales, we are able to design high-performance materials, combining various classes of materials, in controlled geometries and dimensions. These innovation strategies – architectured or bio-inspire...

Optically Induced Nanostructures. Biomedical and Technical Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110354324 9783110383508 Year: Pages: xl, 329 DOI: 10.1515/9783110354324 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Optics and Lights --- Electricity
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-03 15:22:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Nanostructuring of materials is a task at the heart of many modern disciplines in mechanical engineering, as well as optics, electronics, and the life sciences. This book includes an introduction to the relevant nonlinear optical processes associated with very short laser pulses for the generation of structures far below the classical optical diffraction limit of about 200 nanometers as well as coverage of state-of-the-art technical and biomedical applications. These applications include silicon and glass wafer processing, production of nanowires, laser transfection and cell reprogramming, optical cleaning, surface treatments of implants, nanowires, 3D nanoprinting, STED lithography, friction modification, and integrated optics.The book highlights also the use of modern femtosecond laser microscopes and nanoscopes as novel nanoprocessing tools.

Vibrant Architecture. Matter as a CoDesigner of Living Structures

Author:
ISBN: 9783110403732 9783110456158 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1515/9783110403732 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Architecture --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:31:23
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book sets out the conditions under which the need for a new approach to the production of architecture in the twenty-first century is established, where our homes and cities are facing increasing pressures from environmental challenges that are compromising our lives and well being. Vibrant architecture embodies a new kind of architectural design practice that explores how lively materials, or 'vibrant matter', may be incorporated into our buildings to confer on them some of the properties of living things, such as movement, growth, sensitivity and self-repair. The theoretical and practical implications of how this may occur are explored through the application of a new group of materials. Characteristically, these substances possess some of the properties of living systems but may not have the full status of being truly alive. They include forms of chemical artificial life such as 'dynamic droplets' or synthetically produced soils. As complex systems, they are able to communicate directly with the natural world using a shared language of chemistry and so, negotiate their continued survival in a restless world. Vibrant architecture may create new opportunities for architectural design practice that venture beyond top-down form-finding programs, by enabling architects to co-design in partnership with human and nonhuman collectives, which result from the production of post natural landscapes. Ultimately, vibrant architecture may operate as an ecological platform for human development that augments the liveliness of our planet, rather than diminishes it.

Ionic Liquids - Current State of the Art

Author:
ISBN: 9789535121220 9789535142232 Year: Pages: 692 DOI: 10.5772/58515 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Ionic liquids continue to attract a great deal of research attention in an even increasing number of areas, including more traditional areas such as synthesis (organic and materials) and physical properties studies and predictions, as well as less obvious areas such as lubrication and enzymatic transformations. In this volume, recent advances in a number of these different areas are reported and reviewed, thus granting some appreciation for the future that ionic liquids research holds, and affording inspiration for those who have not previously considered the application of ionic liquids in their area of interest.

Wetting and Wettability

Author:
ISBN: 9789535122159 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.5772/62031 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.

Organic Semiconductors

ISBN: 9783906980966 9783906980973 Year: Pages: 260 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 07:55:44
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Over the last few years Organic Semiconducting industry showed significant growth in many areas dominated by conventional electronics. The foremost advantage of organic materials is that they are cheap, lightweight and flexible. In addition, the fabrication of organic materials from a defined molecular precursor using inkjet−printing technology is simple, bypassing the need for advanced semiconductor processing techniques. Organic thin films have already found confirmed and reliable applications in flexible displays, solar cells and biomedical applications, including implantable devices. Low cost materials, compatible with current organic electronic fabrication techniques and which improve device performance are in strong demand.This special issue of Organic Semiconductors covers Materials, Fabrication Techniques, Characterization, Devices and market adoption of Organic Semiconductors.

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by