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Assessment Methodologies: energy, mobility and other real world application

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892610382 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1039-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-03 18:12:02
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The use of assessment methodologies is becoming increasingly important in the decision making process under very different environments. There are increasing concerns about making the best possible use of the limited available resources. There is also an increasing will of justifying the decisions in a sound way. This is even more important when considering public spending, public scrutiny and governance accountability. The use of recognized assessment techniques is actually mandatory in many situations, considering environmental, social, economic and sustainability concerns. This book gathers contributions from several authors, advancing the state-of-the-art and presenting examples of applications of assessment methodologies in energy, mobility and other real world applications.

Metapher und Metonymie. Theoretische, methodische und empirische Zugänge

Authors: ---
Book Series: Empirische Linguistik / Empirical Linguistics ISSN: 21988676 ISBN: 9783110369120 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 416 DOI: 10.1515/9783110369120 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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The contributions of this volumeexamine the phenomena of metaphor and metonymy from different perspectives. Theyadopt current tendencies in metaphor and metonymy research, discuss theoretical and methodological questions based on empirical analyses, and outline newapproaches in both single-languageand cross-linguisic research.

Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC. An Isotopic Approach

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Book Series: Topoi. Berlin Studies of the Ancient World ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110311211 9783110388381 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: xii, 402 DOI: 10.1515/9783110311211 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-24 13:19:56
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Questions concerning mobility and migration as well as subsistence strategies of past societies have always been of major importance in archaeological research. The West Eurasian steppes in the Eneolithic, the Early Bronze and the Iron Age were largely inhabited by cultural communities believed to show an elevated level of spatial mobility, often linked to their subsistence economy. In this volume, questions concerning the mobility and potential migration as well as the diet and economy of the West Eurasian steppes communities during the 4th, the 3rd and the 1st Millennia BC are approached by applying isotope analysis, specifically 87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, δ15N and δ13C analyses. Adapting a combination of different isotopic systems to a study area of vast spatial and chronological dimension allowed a wide variety of questions to be answered and establishes the beginning of a database of biogeochemical data for the West Eurasian steppes. Besides the characterisation of mobility and subsistence patterns of the archaeological communities under discussion, attempts to identify possible Early Bronze Age migrations from the steppes to the steppe-like plains in parts of Eastern Europe were made, alongside an evaluation of the applicability of isotope analysis to this context.

Introduction: 'Address as Social Action Across Cultures and Contexts' from book: Address Practice as Social Action: European Perspectives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137529923 Year: Pages: 11 DOI: 10.1057/9781137529923_1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:21:21
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This is the introductory chapter of Address Practice as Social Action: European Perspectives. It is open access under a CC BY license.How we address one another says a great deal about our social relationships and which groups in society we belong to. This edited volume examines address choices in a range of everyday interactions taking place in Dutch, Finnish, Flemish, French, German, Italian and the two national varieties of Swedish, Finland Swedish and Sweden Swedish.

Writing(s) at the Crossroads

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ISBN: 9789027212238 9789027268570 Year: DOI: 10.1075/z.194 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102128
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-31 14:05:41
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This volume aims at contributing to an interpretive approach to writing and its dynamics. It offers a general scope on the process-product interface by multiplying the points of view on both the process and the product and their links. The book presents new findings and perspectives in the study of language and writing, both theoretical and methodological (e.g. dual process models of writing, pragmatics of writing, linguistic analysis of psycholinguistic units such as bursts of production). It also presents new tools for a longitudinal approach to the writing steps, key-stroke logging with integrated linguistic modules, and textometric analysis of written texts. The volume is composed of five sections that highlight different approaches to writing from the viewpoint of multiple disciplines: Anthropology, Cognitive Psycholinguistics, Communication Studies, Didactics (Applied Linguistics), Discourse Analysis, Literacy, Sociolinguistics and Text Genetics.

Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9784431555360 9784431555377 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55537-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Aquaculture and Fisheries --- Business and Management --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-27 16:32:42
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This book presents the results from the Japanese Fisheries Research Agency’s 3-year intensive monitoring of radionuclides in a variety of fish, plankton, benthos, and their living environments after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in March 2011. The book reveals the dynamics of contamination processes in marine and freshwater fish, mediated by the contamination of water, sediments, and food organisms; it also clarifies the mechanisms by which large variations in the level of contamination occurs among individual fish. Most importantly, the book includes a large amount of original measurement data collected in situ and for the first time assesses diffusion of radiocesium across the Pacific using both in situ data and a numerical simulation model. Also introduced are several new approaches to evaluate the impact of the release of radionuclides, including the measurement of radiation emission from an otolith section to identify the main period of contamination in fish. The FNPP accident represents a rare instance where the environmental radioactivity level was elevated steeply through atmospheric fallout and direct discharge of radioactive water into the sea over a short period of time. Replete with precise scientific data, this book will serve as an important resource for research in fields such as fishery science, oceanography, ecology, and environmentology, and also as a solid basis for protecting fisheries from damage resulting from harmful rumors among the general public.

Beyond the simple contrastive analysis: Appropriate experimental approaches for unraveling the neural basis of conscious experience

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195473 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-547-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Contrasting conditions with and without conscious experience has served consciousness research well. However, research based on this simple contrast has led to controversies about the neural basis of conscious experience. One key reason for these ongoing debates seems to be that the simple contrast between conditions with and without consciousness is not specific for unraveling the neural basis of conscious experience, but rather also leads to other processes that precede or follow it. Acknowledging this methodological problem implies that some of the previous research findings about the neural underpinnings of conscious experience are actually reflecting the prerequisites and consequences rather than the direct correlates of conscious perception. Thus, it is required to re-evaluate the previous results to find out which of them are telling us anything about the neural basis of consciousness. But first and foremost, to overcome this methodological problem we need new experimental paradigms that go beyond the simple contrastive analysis or find the ways how some older but well forgotten paradigms may foster a new look at this emerging problem. Accordingly, this research topic is looking for empirical and theoretical contributions that: 1) envision new and suitable experimental approaches to study consciousness that are free from the limitations of the simple contrastive analysis; 2) provide empirical data that help to separate the neural correlates of conscious experience from the prerequisites and consequences of it; 3) help to re-assess previous research findings about the neural correlates of conscious perception in the light of the methodological problems with the traditional contrastive analysis. We hope that the theoretical insights and experimental approaches collected within this Research Topic help us to gain a more refined understanding of the neural basis of conscious experience.

New directions in corpus-based translation studies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783944675831 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 174 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_559833 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-04 15:00:51
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Corpus-based translation studies has become a major paradigm and research methodology and has investigated a wide variety of topics in the last two decades. The contributions to this volume add to the range of corpus-based studies by providing examples of some less explored applications of corpus analysis methods to translation research. They show that the area keeps evolving as it constantly opens up to different frameworks and approaches, from appraisal theory to process-oriented analysis, and encompasses multiple translation settings, including (indirect) literary translation, machine(-assisted) translation and the practical work of professional legal translators. The studies included in the volume also expand the range of application of corpus applications in terms of the tools used to accomplish the research tasks outlined.

Global Player EU?

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837631159 9783839431153 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431153 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103335
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die EU wäre gerne ein "global player", der auf dem Spielfeld von Weltwirtschaft und Weltpolitik den großen Jungs den Ball abnimmt. In Politik und Medien wollen die meisten die EU als globalen Spieler sehen, und zwar unabhängig von ihrer parteipolitischen und weltanschaulichen Positionierung. Doch was bedeutet diese Metapher? Welche Assoziationen weckt sie und welche Annahmen liegen ihr zugrunde? In ihrer gesellschaftstheoretisch fundierten und multidisziplinären Analyse dechiffriert Karin Bischof den "global player" als Verkörperung neoliberaler Sachzwanglogik und hegemonialer Männlichkeit und macht "neue" neoliberale Mechanismen von Inklusion und Exklusion (migrantischer) Anderer sichtbar. Die Metaphernanalyse zeigt: Politische Rhetorik wirkt - und Metaphern des Politischen sind alles andere als bloßes Ornament.

Probing auditory scene analysis

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193714 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-371-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
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In natural environments, the auditory system is typically confronted with a mixture of sounds originating from different sound sources. As sounds spread over time, the auditory system has to continuously decompose competing sounds into distinct meaningful auditory objects or “auditory streams” referring to certain sound sources. This decomposition work, which was termed by Albert Bregman as “Auditory scene analysis” (ASA), involves two kinds of grouping to be done. Grouping based on simultaneous cues, such as harmonicity and on sequential cues, such as similarity in acoustic features over time. Understanding how the brain solves these tasks is a fundamental challenge facing auditory scientist. In recent years, the topic of ASA was broadly investigated in different fields of auditory research, including a wide range of methods, studies in different species, and modeling. Despite the advance in understanding ASA, it still proves to be a major challenge for auditory research. This includes verifying whether experimental findings are transferable to more realistic auditory scenes. A central approach in understanding ASA is the use of certain stimulus parameters that produce an ambiguous percept. The advantage of such an approach is that different perceptual organizations can be studied without varying physical stimulus parameters. Additionally, the perception of ambiguous stimuli can be volitionally controlled by intention or task. By using this one can mirror real hearing situations where listeners intent to identify and to localize auditory sources. Recently it was also found that in classical auditory streaming sequences perceptual ambiguity was not restricted to but was observed over a broad range of stimulus parameters. The proposed Research Topic pursues to bring together scientist in the different fields of auditory research whose work addresses the issue of perceptual ambiguity. Researchers were welcome to contribute experimental reports, computational modeling, and reviews that consider auditory ambiguity in its modality specific characteristics as well as in comparison to visual ambiguous figures. The overall goal of contributions was to consider the experimental findings from the perspective of real auditory scenes. In a broader sense, the Research Topic was open for contributions which are related to the issue of active listening in complex scenes.

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