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Le «borie» vichiane come paradigma euristico. Hybris dei popoli e dei saperi fra moderno e contemporaneo

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Book Series: I Quaderni del Lab ISBN: 9788890871290 Year: Pages: 500 Language: Italian
Publisher: Istituto per la storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico moderno - National Research Council
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-18 10:54:41
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The essays included in this volume assume Giambattista Vico’s theory of the “conceits” (borie) as a heuristic paradigm for investigating different forms of arrogance by peoples and by kinds of knowledge. The book is made up of three sections. In the first one – “A possible Vichian paradigm” – Manuela Sanna’s essay examines the theme of the conceits in Vico’s writings, exploring it in all its ramifications. The essay by Giuseppe Cacciatore extrapolates the concept of conceit from Vico’s page and turns it into an useful tool for unmasking “other” kinds of arrogance. In the second section – “A retrospective” – a possible backwards path is outlined: various expressions of arrogance by peoples and by kinds of knowledge are investigated in authors closer to Vico or even more distant from him, like Molina, Montaigne and Diodorus, who was among Vico’s sources. The third section – “With Vico beyond Vico” – hosts contributions by scholars who tested the paradigm of the conceits in authors ranging from Descartes to Samuel Beckett. This results in a theoretical and historical framework that, without claiming to be exhaustive or organic, provides a varied and rich survey of the topic.

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Philosophy

Schopenhauer e os conhecimentos intuitivo e abstrato: uma teoria sobre as representações empíricas e abstratas

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ISBN: 9788579836879 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.7476/9788579836879 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-03 08:03:40
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Este livro tem como objetivo principal investigar a teoria do conhecimento desenvolvida por Arthur Schopenhauer no Livro I de O mundo como vontade e como representação. A partir disto, procura-se analisar e examinar como o pensador organiza e explica a possibilidade do conhecimento da realidade fenomênica, ou seja, os modos de conhecimento intuitivo e abstrato, seus objetos próprios, isto é, as representações intuitiva e abstrata, além das faculdades de conhecimento responsáveis por cada uma destas. A investigação tentará delimitar os princípios que tornam o mundo como representação compreensível, formando, por fim, uma teoria sistemática do conhecimento.

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PHILOSOPHY

Wittgenstein e o problema da harmonia entre pensamento e realidade

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ISBN: 9788568334621 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.7476/9788568334621 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-15 12:30:52
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Esta obra discorre sobre o problema da vinculação entre pensamento (ou linguagem) e realidade tal como ele é formulado e discutido por Ludwig Wittgenstein, especificamente em sua produção filosófica a partir da década de 1930. Antonio Segatto examina o modo como o filósofo concebe aquilo que chamou de “harmonia entre pensamento e realidade” e como enfrenta as questões que giram em torno dela.

Keywords

PHILOSOPHY

The Planetary Turn

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780810130753 9780810130746 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101382
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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A groundbreaking collection that pursues the rise of geoculture as an essential framework for arts criticism, The Planetary Turn shows how the planet—as territory, sociopolitical arena, space of interaction for life, and artistic theme—is increasingly the conceptual and political dimension in which artists picture themselves and their work. In an introduction that comprehensively defines the planetary model of art, culture, and cultural-aesthetic interpretation, the editors explain how the planet is emerging as distinct from older concepts of globalization, cosmopolitanism, and environmentalism and is becoming a new ground for work in literature, art, and social humanities. Written by internationally recognized scholars, the twelve essays illustrate the unfolding of a new vision of potential planetary community that retools earlier models based on the nation-state or political “blocs” and reimagines cultural, political, aesthetic, and ethical relationships for the post–Cold War era.

Keywords

Philosophy

Why Be Moral?

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ISBN: 9783110370454 9783110366396 9783110386332 Year: Pages: 286,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110366396 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102414
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:04
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What reasons do we have to be moral, and are these reasons more compelling than the reasons we have to pursue non-moral projects? Ever since the Sophists first raised this question, it has been a focal point of debate. Why be Moral? is a collection of new essays on this fundamental philosophical problem, written by an international team of leading scholars in the field.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Philosophy --- Morality

Introduction to a Future Way of Thought: On Marx and Heidegger

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783957960054 9783957960061 Year: DOI: 10.14619/009 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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“Technologists only change the world in various ways in generalized indifference; the point is to think the world and interpret the changes in its unfathomability, to perceive and experience the difference binding being to the nothing.” Anticipating the age of planetary technology Kostas Axelos, a Greek-French philosopher, approaches the technological question in this book, first published in 1966, by connecting the thought of Karl Marx and Martin Heidegger. Marx famously declared that philosophers had only interpreted the world, but the point was to change it. Heidegger on his part stressed that our modern malaise was due to the forgetting of being, for which he thought technological questions were central. Following from his study of Marx as a thinker of technology, and foreseeing debates about globalization, Axelos recognizes that technology now determines the world. Providing an introduction to some of his major themes, including the play of the world, Axelos asks if planetary technology requires a new, a future way of thought which in itself is planetary.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Technology

Die verschiedenen Modi der Existenz

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783957960153 9783957960160 Year: DOI: 10.14619/003 Language: German
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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„Wäre die Philosophie auch nur eine Stunde der Mühe wert, wenn sie uns nicht für das Leben rüstete?“ Gezielten Schrittes entwirft der französische Philosoph Étienne Souriau in diesem dicht gedrängten Buch eine Grammatik der Existenz. Im Fokus steht nicht nur ihre Theorie, sondern auch die tatsächliche Ausübung der „Kunst des Existierens“. Wie Gilles Deleuze und William James vertritt Souriau dabei die These eines existenziellen Pluralismus: Es gibt Phänomene, Dinge, das Virtuelle, fiktionale Wesen – die Existenz ist polyphon. Souriaus radikale Herangehensweise hat auch Bruno Latour und Isabelle Stengers entscheidend beeinflusst. In ihrer ausführlichen Einleitung zu Souriaus Text von 1943 und dem ebenfalls zum ersten Mal in deutscher Sprache veröffentlichten Vortrag „Über den Modus der Existenz des zu vollbringenden Werks“ (1956) zeigt sich eindrucksvoll die Aktualität seines Denkens.

Keywords

Aesthetics --- Philosophy

Chapter 1: 'Sensing Absence: How to See What Isn't There in the Study of Science and Security' from book: Absence in Science, Security and Policy: From Research Agendas to Global Strategy

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ISBN: 9781137592613 Year: Pages: 34 DOI: 10.1057/9781137493736_1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:33:10
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This is a chapter from Absence in Science, Security and Policy edited by Brian Rappert and Brian Balmer. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Part reflection on the forthcoming chapters, part analysis of academic literature, and part programmatic agenda setting, this introduction chapter forwards the importance of questioning taken for granted assumptions in sensing what is absent as a concern. It undertakes this through initially examining what it means to characterize concern as absent or present in the first place. While absence and presence are often treated as binary opposites, it will be argued this distinction is difficult to sustain and unhelpful for analysis. On the back of an appreciation of the inter-relation of absence and presence, this chapter then reviews the literature in sociology, ethics, STS and elsewhere relevant to the themes of the volume. A goal is to outline the methodological and epistemological possibilities and problematics of studying what is missing. By way of then proposing what is required, and to set the stage for the other chapters in Part 1, this chapter ends by asking how autostereograms provide a metaphor for viewing that can guide the study of absence.

Keywords

science --- policy --- philosophy

Towards a Feminist Cinematic Ethics

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ISBN: 9781474403276 9781474403283 9781474409520 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102048
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 15:27:34
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Towards a Feminist Cinematic Ethics develops an account of non-normative ethics that can be used to think about filmmaking and viewing, using two philosophers—Emmanuel Levinas and Jean-Luc Nancy, and the work of filmmaker Claire Denis. In an accessible and engaging manner, it offers new readings of Denis’ films, situating them within larger feminist, postcolonial and queer debates about identity and difference. Using a generative methodology, the book works towards a mutually challenging and productive relationship between cinematic ideas and philosophical concepts.

Theory Is Like a Surging Sea

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ISBN: 9780692283950 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0108.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:38
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In a 1917 letter to Gershom Scholem, Walter Benjamin writes, “Theory is like a surging sea.” This small book takes more than its title from that line—it takes that line as a point of departure in Erich Auerbach’s sense, an Ansatzpunkt, as a compositional principle so that what follows can be read in its entirety as a gloss on the remainder of Benjamin’s sentence: “Theory is like a surging sea, but the only thing that matters to the wave […] is to surrender itself to its motion in such a way that it crests and breaks.” That motion, in the pages to follow, takes up in its sweep two threads: it folds an episodic meditation on the negative and the problematic into a series of singular interrogations exemplary of the positive being of the problematic, the objective being of problems and questions, in a movement of implication and explication between poetry and philosophy in the tradition of what’s come to be known as theory. Theory is like a surging sea because it’s as part of a revolutionary tradition that it crests and breaks.

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