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Hoitoonpääsyn hierarkiat

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ISBN: 9789514498718 9789514498725 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_594030 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-21 11:01:13
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By analysing access to health services, the book explores the formation of health citizenship in Finland in the twentieth century. The book results in constructing four different historical layers of health citizenship, each of which emphasize different dimensions of accessibility and involve different inclusive and exclusive tensions. By exploring the topical questions of equality in health, the historical analysis makes it possible to broaden our understanding of welfare state.

Topics in Public Health

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ISBN: 9789535121329 9789535142218 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.5772/58484 Language: English
Publisher: InTechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Public health has been defined as the efforts of a community that allow a population to remain healthy. This definition is very inclusive, so elements of clinical care, health promotion and many other fields contribute to the larger discipline of public health. The profession has evolved in recent years, with the emphasis in the developed world changing from the hygiene method for control of infectious diseases to a more complex approach to address chronic disease. However, the focus in public health continues to be the population. This book provides a sample of fields that contribute to the public health profession. Its broad approach provides examples of the core fields of public health, including environmental health, epidemiology, biostatistics, health administration, and health behavior.

Movimentos da hesitação: deslizamentos do dizer em sujeitos com doença de Parkinson

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788579836640 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.7476/9788579836640 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-17 17:27:17
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Hesitações são bastante frequentes no discurso de parkinsonianos e seriam decorrentes, para a literatura biomédica, de aspectos orgânicos alterados pela doença. Os autores, porém, se questionam: seriam os aspectos orgânicos os únicos a explicarem sua ocorrência no discurso de parkinsonianos? Baseados na Linguística, campo no qual as hesitações são vistas como um fenômeno presente em qualquer condição de uso da linguagem, os autores procuram demonstrar que o funcionamento das hesitações no discurso de parkinsonianos supõe não apenas a ação dos aspectos orgânicos, mas, também, dos aspectos linguístico-discursivos da linguagem.

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HEALTH & FITNESS

Health of People, Places and Planet. Reflections based on Tony McMichael’s four decades of contribution to epidemiological understanding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925022407 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578872 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 11:01:13
License: ANU Press

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This book has three main goals. The first is to celebrate the work of a great public health figure, the late A.J. (Tony) McMichael (1942–2014). The second is to position contemporary public health issues in an interdisciplinary context and in ways that highlight the interdependency between the environment, human institutions and behaviours; a broad approach championed by Tony. The third is to encourage emerging and future public health leaders to advocate for policies and cultural change to sustain and improve human health, from a foundation of objective scholarship. The book’s foreword and 38 chapters were written by people who were inspired by Tony; many of whom worked with him at some point in the last 40 years. Its structure reflects five major public health domains, each of which Tony made major contributions to in an extremely productive academic life: occupational health and safety; environmental and social epidemiology; nutrition and food systems; climate change and health; and ecosystem change and infectious disease. The final section, ‘Transformation’, is dedicated to Tony’s desire for public health scientists to propose adaptive and mitigating solutions to the problems they were observing. Each section contains at least one key publication involving Tony. There is also a selection of artworks from an exhibition which formed part of the conference held to honour Tony at The Australian National University in 2012. This conference formed the first part of Tony’s festschrift, completed by this book.

Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

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Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_530530 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-20 11:01:17
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

Health For All

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9788125059004 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_576912 Language: Uncoded
Publisher: Orient Blackswan Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097737
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-27 11:01:13
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Universal Health Coverage as defined by the World Health Organization encompasses equal access for all to good quality health services and with no financial risk for those in need of them. As such it is a modern term formulated on western ideas of health, however the philosophy it conveys has existed for many centuries across different regions and cultures of the world. 'Health For All' is based on series of seminars which formed part of the World Health Organization's Global Health Histories project. It explores the development of universal health coverage in diverse contexts, the political and economic trends that effected the running of these schemes, and, not least, critical perspectives into the variety of links between structures of national universal healthcare systems.

Quo Vadis, Medicus? Health Behaviour Among Health Professionals and Students

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ISBN: 9783110472172 9783110470758 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.1515/9783110472172 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Public Health --- Sports Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 16:44:01
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The book discusses the health condition of Polish current and future health professionals. The study was conducted on around 800 medical staff members (in-training and professional). The author analyses nutrition behaviour, physical activity, smoking, drinking alcohol and their psycho-social determinants (health self-assessment, value of health, health locus of control, health related self-efficacy). The educational and behavioural needs of the investigated group depend on career stage and profession.As a result, there is a need for health promotional programs targeting carefully chosen medical staff groups, with an emphasis on their special health needs. The expectation that physicians or other medical professionals will heal themselves proves to be futile in this part of Europe. This should be a starting point in a discussion about the role of health providers in modelling health behaviours and health promotion counselling for their patients. Reflection is needed especially among health related professionals in different institutions (e.g., universities, schools, hospitals), health societies and non-profit organisations involved in health promotion, insurance and health companies.

Bewegungsorientierte Gesundheitsförderung an Hochschulen

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863952020 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:52
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Mehr als 3,2 Millionen Menschen lernen und arbeiten in Deutschland an Hochschulen. Die Hochschule als Organisation und Institution repräsentiert damit ein bedeutsames Setting für gesundheitsförderliche Angebote und Maßnahmen, die sich in unterschiedlichen Programmen und Projekten bereits in der Praxis etabliert haben. Sport- und Bewegungsangebote besitzen im Kontext der Gesundheitsförderung an Hochschulen dabei eine große Bedeutung. Der dritte Band der Reihe „Hochschulsport: Bildung und Wissenschaft“ widmet sich diesem Thema aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven. Neben theoretischen Beiträgen zur Bewegungsorientierten Gesundheitsförderung an Hochschulen präsentiert der Band erstmals auch zahlreiche empirisch ausgerichtete Beiträge, die über die Effekte, Wirkungsweisen und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten des Sports und der Bewegung im Hochschulsetting berichten. Darüber hinaus wird der Praxis der bewegungsorientierten Gesundheitsförderung besondere Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt, indem Beispiele aus unterschiedlichen Hochschulen vorgestellt und diskutiert werden.

Undergraduate Education for Public Health in the United States

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196111 Year: Pages: 81 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-611-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Undergraduate programs in public health are growing rapidly. At colleges and universities throughout the United States, both the number of programs and the number of students have expanded greatly in the past decade. In response to this trend, the Council for Education of Public Health (CEPH) has begun to accredit undergraduate public health programs, with the first programs approved in 2014. Around the country programs exhibit wide variation, from concentrations in liberal arts colleges to pre-clinical foundations at doctorate-granting universities to undergraduate programs in accredited schools of public health. Faculty, both new and seasoned, are fully aware of the need to integrate undergraduate education in public health with graduate education—but the roadmaps of exactly how to do so are still nascent. The purpose of this Research Topic is to gather articles describing this variation, with the intent that the collective body of work will facilitate analysis and discussion of what makes a quality education and builds a competent workforce.

The Territory of Medical Research: Experimentation in Africa’s Smallest State (Book chapter)

Book title: Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

Author:
Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357353 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Abstract

In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

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