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Target Suitability and the Crime Drop

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ISBN: 9781137525024 9781349707058 9781137525017 9781349995905 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-137-52502-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This is a chapter from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Target suitability is a cornerstone of Marcus Felson's routine activities approach, and critical in determining crime rates. Recent research identifies reduced target suitability, via improved security, as central to the 'crime drop' experienced in many countries. Studies in different countries show car theft fell with far more and better vehicle security. Yet increases in household security were more modest and do not track burglary's decrease as well. In this chapter, the authors explain that apparent anomaly as due more to an improvement in the quality of household security leading to reduced burglary. It is further suggested that improvements to home insulation in the UK that brought double glazing may have, somewhat inadvertently, introduced better frames and locks for doors and windows, that in turn reduced household burglary.; This is a chapter from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Target suitability is a cornerstone of Marcus Felson's routine activities approach, and critical in determining crime rates. Recent research identifies reduced target suitability, via improved security, as central to the 'crime drop' experienced in many countries. Studies in different countries show car theft fell with far more and better vehicle security. Yet increases in household security were more modest and do not track burglary's decrease as well. In this chapter, the authors explain that apparent anomaly as due more to an improvement in the quality of household security leading to reduced burglary. It is further suggested that improvements to home insulation in the UK that brought double glazing may have, somewhat inadvertently, introduced better frames and locks for doors and windows, that in turn reduced household burglary.

Keywords

Criminology --- Public safety

Vergleichsweise menschlich?: Ambulante Sanktionen als Alternative zur Freiheitsentziehung aus europäischer Perspektive

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Strafvollzugsarchivs ISSN: 23655178 ISBN: 9783658089641 9783658089658 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-08965-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:42:24
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Ambulante Sanktionen gelten oftmals als menschliche Alternative zur Freiheitsentziehung. Der eigene Eingriffscharakter, die Perspektive der Betroffenen und die Erweiterung des Netzes sozialer Kontrolle werden übersehen. Die Übertragung von Sanktionspraktiken zwischen Rechtskulturen erfordert menschenrechtliche Minimalstandards. Zudem fehlen Kontrollgruppen-Studien und insbesondere ein Vergleich zur Non-Intervention. Anstelle naiver Übertragung einer (vermeintlichen) „best practice“ wird empfohlen, den Blick von „nothing works“ auf eine Auseinandersetzung mit der Möglichkeit zu richten, dass „nothing works“.

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