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Time Distortions in Mind

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ISBN: 9789004230644 9789004230699 Year: Pages: 406 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613387 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Time Distortions in Mind brings together current research on temporal processing in clinical populations to elucidate the interdependence between perturbations in timing and disturbances in the mind and brain. For the student, the scientist, and the stepping-stone for further research.

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psychology

Uma ciência sobre “coisa” alguma: relações funcionais, comportamento e cultura

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ISBN: 9788579836572 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.7476/9788579836572 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-15 12:30:52
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Embora seu conteúdo seja do interesse de áreas vizinhas, como Antropologia, Filosofia, Sociologia e Biologia, o livro está situado no âmbito da Análise Comportamental da Cultura. Essa área representa um campo temático relevante no contexto de uma das mediações teórico-epistemológicas da Psicologia e é constituída por uma ciência, a Análise do Comportamento, e uma filosofia de ciência, o Behaviorismo Radical. O texto, mais precisamente, está centrado nas práticas culturais, que se referem às ações humanas executadas de maneira entrelaçada com ações de outros indivíduos, característica inerente aos comportamentos sociais. Tecnicamente, o conteúdo examinado é o anunciado no subtítulo do livro, ou seja: relações funcionais, comportamento e cultura. No entanto, para além dessa instância, o texto trata da lógica subjacente às relações ou interações entre as pessoas, e entre estas e as agências de controle (como governo, lei e religião), ocupando-se de examinar tais relações de maneira funcional. Pode-se dizer que o texto, paralelamente ao interesse por precisão técnica na ciência do comportamento, busca estimular o leitor para uma avaliação sobre quanto temos, tradicionalmente, construído pressupostos, princípios, sistemas explicativos, escolas de pensamento e teorias voltados à defesa de explicações do comportamento humano com base em estruturas, quer físicas, quer conceituais, que não passam de constructos hipotéticos que se supõe sejam diretamente causadores de ações, atividades, comportamentos. Conceber uma “estrutura cognitiva”, uma “mente pensante”, uma “estrutura de personalidade”, um ego, um eu, um id, um superego, um traço de caráter, uma estrutura fisiológica, enfim, um mecanismo subjacente responsável pela causalidade primeira do comportamento parece constituir um equívoco perene na história da Psicologia e, talvez mais, na história da ciência. Embora sem, naturalmente, negar um monismo fisicalista, ontológico, de substância, o livro rejeita o status prioritário de importância tradicionalmente atribuído às estruturas, em si mesmas, como entes explicativos do comportamento humano.

Keywords

PSYCHOLOGY

(Des)encontros trabalho-família: narrativas de familiares de trabalhadores migrantes do setor de produção de energia hidrelétrica

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ISBN: 9788579837012 Year: Pages: 237 DOI: 10.7476/9788579837012 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-22 11:17:41
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O livro convida o leitor a se aventurar no universo dos barrageiros por meio das narrativas de vida, desvelando que os empreendimentos hidrelétricos brasileiros não geraram apenas impacto ambiental, mas um processo de desenraizamento e rupturas socioafetivas que produziram distintos modos de ser-trabalhar-viver. A desterritorialização principiada por esses projetos integram um ideário desenvolvimentista e de progresso que ocultam o avesso dessa história. Na relatividade do dentro e fora do labor, verificou-se o tempo de trabalho e de vida capazes tanto de interditar a existência em sua potência criadora quanto de resistir, transformando a subjetividade e a vivência familiar em uma insistente reinvenção.

Keywords

PSYCHOLOGY

Kierkegaard as Psychologist

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ISBN: 9780810131316 9780810131811 9780810131323 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102827
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-07 11:21:02
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Kierkegaard’s psychological thought has always been acknowledged as very rich—Reinhold Niebuhr hailed him as the greatest psychologist of the soul since Augustine—and has had a major influence on Heidegger, Sartre, and existential psychoanalysis. Nevertheless, his accomplishment has not always been fully appreciated, in part because it is so scattered across his works. As Vincent McCarthy demonstrates in Kierkegaard as Psychologist, Kierkegaard was pursuing “psychology” before there was a formally recognized academic field bearing that name, and a coherent thread runs through the so-called pseudonymous works. McCarthy elucidates often-difficult texts, highlights the rich psychological dimension of Kierkegaard’s thought, and provides an introduction for the nonspecialist and a commentary on Kierkegaard’s psychology that will interest both specialists and nonspecialists, while engaging in rich comparisons with such figures as Freud and Heidegger.

Investigations into the Phenomenology and the Ontology of the Work of Art: What are Artworks and How Do We Experience Them?

Authors: ---
Book Series: Contributions to Phenomenology ISSN: 09239545 ISBN: 9783319140896 9783319140902 Year: Volume: 81 Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14090-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Arts in general --- Philosophy --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-14 17:57:27
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​This book investigates the nature of aesthetic experience and aesthetic objects. Written by leading philosophers, psychologists, literary scholars and semioticians, the book addresses two intertwined issues. The first is related to the phenomenology of aesthetic experience: The understanding of how human beings respond to artworks, how we process linguistic or visual information, and what properties in artworks trigger aesthetic experiences. The examination of the properties of aesthetic experience reveals essential aspects of our perceptual, cognitive, and semiotic capacities. The second issue studied in this volume is related to the ontology of the work of art: Written or visual artworks are a specific type of objects, containing particular kinds of representation which elicit a particular kind of experience. The research question explored is: What properties in artful objects trigger this type of experience, and what characterizes representation in written and visual artworks? The volume sets the scene for state-of-the-art inquiries in the intersection between the psychology and ontology of art. The investigations of the relation between the properties of artworks and the characteristics of aesthetic experience increase our insight into what art is. In addition, they shed light on essential properties of human meaning-making in general.

The Psychology of Becoming a Successful Worker

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138787421 9781315766515 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:04
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In this book, we introduce our research on success at work in a very broad sense. This research can be said to have begun during the fi rst years of this millennium.&#xD;Adjunct Professor Uusiautti fi rst focused on work drive in nurses and&#xD;midwives, expanding her analysis to Finnish Employees of the Year, while&#xD;Professor Määttä conducted her studies on love and human relationships. When&#xD;our specifi c research streams converged, we began studying positive development&#xD;in childhood and adolescence as well as in adulthood and later life. We even&#xD;managed to incorporate our ideas on leadership. Now, we think it is time to&#xD;compile our fi ndings into a psychology of success. In many parts of this book, we&#xD;will refer to the route to success – we hope that this book will function as a signpost&#xD;showing the way to happiness-promoting success at work.&#xD;The standpoint in this book rests on psychology, particularly positive psychology.&#xD;This means that we deliberately aimed to combine the themes of work success&#xD;with fl ourishing and favourable development. Our purpose is to inspire and&#xD;challenge researchers and all those interested to examine the possibilities of this&#xD;positive approach and to consider this as one example of how to seize phenomena&#xD;that are diffi cult to defi ne comprehensively but, fi rst and foremost, we want them&#xD;to see the connection between success and happiness.

Promoting Social Dialogue in European Organizations: Human Resources Management and Constructive Conflict Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Industrial Relations & Conflict Management ISSN: 21994544 ISBN: 9783319086040 9783319086057 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-08605-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:18:48
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This volume focuses on describing the social dialogue system in organizations from an Human Resources Management perspective. Based on the NEIRE model for industrial relations, key factors are determined contributing to creative social dialogue in European organizations. Actual data from surveys and interviews from more than 700 CEO and HR managers in eleven European countries give insights in the experiences with and expectations of employers of social dialogue. The volume offers a comprehensive introduction to the historical context and current situation in social dialogue in these countries. This context helps to understand the current major challenges in each country when it comes to a vital social dialogue. Using good practices from many organizations, this book offers an agenda for innovative and cooperative social dialogue in organizations.

Berufliche Passagen im Lebenslauf: Berufsbildungs- und Transitionsforschung in der Schweiz

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783658100933 9783658100940 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-10094-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Business and Management --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-30 14:53:35
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Am Übergang von der Schule in den Beruf werden wichtige Weichen gestellt, die den weiteren Lebenslauf eines Menschen vorbereiten. Dazu werden in diesem Band neue Ergebnisse der vielfältigen Transitionsforschung aus der ganzen Schweiz vorgestellt, die sich an verschiedenen Disziplinen wie der Psychologie, Soziologie, Erziehungswissenschaften oder Bildungsökonomie orientieren. Dafür werden theoretische Grundlagen und empirische Evidenzen für die Analyse und Steuerung bedeutsamer Passagen im Lebenslauf entwickelt. Soweit möglich werden auch Handlungsempfehlungen für die Akteure der Berufsbildung in der Schweiz diskutiert, die zugleich auch in anderen Ländern von Interesse sein dürften.

Formulation in Action. Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110471014 9783110471090 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471014 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 17:51:18
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When people seek psychological support, formulation is the theory-driven methodology used by many practitioners to guide identification of the processes, mechanisms, and patterns of behaviour that appear to be contributing to the presenting difficulties. However, the process of formulating – or applying psychological theory to practice – can often seem unclear.In this volume, we present multiple demonstrations of formulation in action – written by applied psychologists embedded in clinical training, research, and practice.The volume covers a range of contemporary approaches to formulation and therapy that have not been considered in extant works, and includes unique sections offering critical counter-perspectives and commentaries on each approach (and its application) by authors working from alternative theoretical positions.

Enabling Positive Change. Flow and Complexity in Daily Experience

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110410242 9783110439472 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.2478/9783110410242 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 10:50:20
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Personal psychological growth: Why are some people able to promote their own psychological growth (bold tag) and change toward complexity while others not? Is it possible to propose simple methodologies and instruments that would allow selection of positive experiences and hence develop a stronger and richer Self? This book describes the way to promote and foster positive psychological growth in everyday life, through simple instruments accessible to anyone. Positive psychological experience: The focal point of the approach is the concept of Flow of Consciousness, an experience of subjective psychological wellbeing that nourishes and complexifies the Self. The authors propose a wide overview of positive psychological experience (bold tag) considering individual characteristics and experiences, as well as the influence of context, culture and social relationship, and the effects of the immersion in a globalized world, like the increasing daily use of mediated communication technologies. In the various chapters, this conceptual frame is declined in different areas of research, either consolidated ones or new fields. Self-development tips: In a fresh and engaging style, the book transports the readers in a world of situations and opportunities through which they can identify themselves in a positive and stable self-development (bold tag) process. In the first two chapters the authors describe the impact of positive psychological experience in social and individual life. In the following chapters the reader discovers, accompanied by the exposition of concrete research results, the specific characteristics that may promote flow experience in several field of experience: the use of communication technology; the experience of social-networks; clinical settings and Psychotherapy; the psychological relation with environment, politics and social participation, school, sports, family business, mentor's influence, and the perception of quality of life in daytime. Everyday opportunities: This opportunity of interacting with different and various kinds of experiences, that may appear dispersive, will on the contrary bring the reader - who may choose this book both for professional or personal reasons - to understand the concept of personal psychological growth in the wider and more concrete perspective, and to comprehend which personal skills he may bring into play in order to improve his personality and his daily experience.

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