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Man or Monster?

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ISBN: 9780822362586 9780822373551 Year: Pages: 336 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100282
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:01
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During the Khmer Rouge's brutal reign in Cambodia during the mid-to-late 1970s, a former math teacher named Duch served as the commandant of the S-21 security center, where as many as 20,000 victims were interrogated, tortured, and executed. In 2009 Duch stood trial for these crimes against humanity. While the prosecution painted Duch as evil, his defense lawyers claimed he simply followed orders. In 'Man or Monster?' Alexander Hinton uses creative ethnographic writing, extensive fieldwork, hundreds of interviews, and his experience attending Duch's trial to create a nuanced analysis of Duch, the tribunal, the Khmer Rouge, and the after-effects of Cambodia's genocide. Interested in how a person becomes a torturer and executioner as well as the law's ability to grapple with crimes against humanity, Hinton adapts Hannah Arendt's notion of the "banality of evil" to consider how the potential for violence is embedded in the everyday ways people articulate meaning and comprehend the world.

Keywords

Anthropology

Cold War Anthropology

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ISBN: 9780822374381 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103399
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:51
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In a wide-ranging and in-depth study of the recent history of anthropology, David Price offers a provocative account of the ways anthropology has been influenced by U.S. imperial projects around the world, and by CIA funding in particular. DUAL USE ANTHROPOLOGY is the third in Price’s trilogy on the history of the discipline of anthropology and its tangled relationship with the American military complex. He argues that anthropologists’ interactions with Cold War military and intelligence agencies shaped mid-century American anthropology and that governmental and private funding of anthropological research programs connected witting and unwitting anthropologists with research of interest to military and intelligence agencies.

Keywords

Anthropology

Sexual States

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Book Series: Next Wave: New Directions in Women's Studies ISBN: 9780822360261 9780822374749 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103408
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:52
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In Sexual States Jyoti Puri uses the example of the efforts to decriminalize homosexuality in India to show how the regulation of sexuality is fundamentally tied to the creation and enduring existence of the state. Between 2001 and 2013 activists attempted to rewrite section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which outlaws homosexual behavior. Having interviewed activists and NGO workers throughout five metropolitan centers, investigated crime statistics at the National Crime Records Bureau, visited various state institutions, and met with the police, Puri found that section 377 is but one element of the large and complex systems of laws, practices, policies, and discourses that regulate Indian sexuality. Intended to mitigate sexuality's threat to the social order, this regulation works to preserve the views of the state as inevitable, legitimate, and indispensable. By highlighting the various means through which the regulation of sexuality constitutes India's heterogeneous and fragmented

Keywords

Anthropology

Disciplinary Conquest

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Book Series: American Encounters/Global Interactions ISBN: 9780822360810 9780822374503 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103402
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:51
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In DISCIPLINARY INTERVENTIONS, Ricardo Salvatore argues that the foundation of the discipline of Latin American studies, pioneered between 1900 and 1945, was linked to the United States’s business and financial interests and informal imperialism. In contrast, the consolidation of Latin American studies has traditionally been placed in the 1960s, as a reaction to the Cuban Revolution. Focusing on five representative U.S. scholars of South America—historian Clarence Haring, geographer Isaiah Bowman, political scientist Leo Rowe, sociologist Edward Ross, and archaeologist Hiram Bingham -- Salvatore demonstrates how their search for comprehensive knowledge about South America can be understood as a contribution to hemispheric hegemony, an intellectual conquest of the region. U.S. economic leaders, diplomats, and foreign-policy experts needed knowledge about the region to expand investment and trade, as well as the U.S.’s international influence

Keywords

Anthropology --- Anthropology

Making Refuge

Author:
ISBN: 9780822360278 9780822374725 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103404
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:52
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In Gesture and Power Yolanda Covington-Ward examines the everyday embodied practices and performances of the BisiKongo people of the lower Congo to show how their gestures, dances, and spirituality are critical in mobilizing social and political action. Conceiving of the body as the center of analysis, a catalyst for social action, and as a conduit for the social construction of reality, Covington-Ward focuses on specific flashpoints in the last ninety years of Congo's troubled history, when embodied performance was used to stake political claims, foster dissent, and enforce power. In the 1920s Simon Kimbangu started a Christian prophetic movement based on spirit-induced trembling, which swept through the lower Congo, subverting Belgian colonial authority.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Anthropology

We Shall Not Be Moved/No nos moverán

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ISBN: 9781439912997 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605458 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:18
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We Shall Not Be Moved: The Trail Blazed by a Song from the U.S. South to Spain and South America details the history of "We Shall Not Be Moved" from its birth as a slave spiritual in the U.S. South and its subsequent adoption as a standard hymn by the U.S. labor, civil rights, and farmworker movements, to its singing in the student movement opposing the Franco dictatorship in Spain in the 1960s, and finally to its arrival in the South American country of Chile during its experiment with democratic socialism in the early 1970s. The book outlines the role the song has played in each of the movements in which it has been sung and analyzes its dissemination, function, and meaning through a number of different sociological and anthropological lenses. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

music --- anthropology

Mixtec Evangelicals

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ISBN: 9781607325642 9781607324232 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617497 Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103434
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-30 11:01:16
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MIXTEC EVANGELICALS is a comparative ethnography of four Mixtec communities in Oaxaca, detailing the process by which economic migration and religious conversion combine to change the social and cultural makeup of predominantly folk-Catholic communities. The book describes the effects on the home communities of the Mixtecs who travel to northern Mexico and the United States in search of wage labor and return having converted from their rural Catholic roots to Evangelical Protestant religions. O’Connor demonstrates the ways that neoliberal policies have forced Mixtecs to migrate and how migration provides the contexts for conversion. Converts challenge the set of customs governing their Mixtec villages by refusing to participate in the Catholic ceremonies and social gatherings that are at the center of traditional village life. Home communities have responded in a number of ways—ranging from expulsion of converts to partial acceptance and adjustments within the village.

Keywords

history --- anthropology

Borderland City in New India

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Book Series: Asian Borderlands ISBN: 9789048525362 9789089647580 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605035 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103433
Subject: Sociology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-19 11:01:17
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Borderland Cities in New India explores contemporary urban life in two cities in India’s Northeast borderland at a time of dramatic change. Social and economic transformation from India’s embrace of neoliberalism and globalisation, often referred to as ‘new’ India, has become a popular subject for academic analysis in the last decade. This is epitomised by focus on so-called ‘mega-cities’, reflecting a general trend in scholarship on other parts of Asia. However, far less attention has been afforded to borderland regions and to the provincial cities of ‘new’ India. Using ethnographic material, this book focuses on two cities in India’s Northeast borderland: Aizawl and Imphal. Both cities have been profoundly affected by armed conflict, militarism, displacement, and inter-ethnic tensions. Yet, both are also experiencing intensified flows of goods and people, rapid urban development, and expansion of Indian and foreign capital associated with the opening of the borderland west to the rest of India and east to the rest of Asia. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The Upper Guinea Coast in Global Perspective

Authors: ---
Book Series: Integration and Conflict Studies ISBN: 9781785333736 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_606219 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-16 11:01:13
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For centuries, Africa’s Upper Guinea Coast region has been the site of regional and global interactions, with societies from different parts of the African continent and beyond engaging in economic trade, cultural exchange, and various forms of conflict. This book provides a wide-ranging look at how such encounters have continued into the present day, identifying the disruptions and continuities in religion, language, economics, and various other social phenomena that have resulted. These accounts show a region that, while still grappling with the legacies of colonialism and the slave trade, is both shaped by and an important actor within ever-denser global networks, exhibiting consistent transformation and creative adaptation. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Resonance of Unseen Things

Author:
ISBN: 9780472900657 9780472072941 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608301 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:24
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The Resonance of Unseen Things offers an ethnographic meditation on the “uncanny” persistence and cultural freight of conspiracy theory. The project is a reading of conspiracy theory as an index of a certain strain of late 20th-century American despondency and malaise, especially as understood by people experiencing downward social mobility. Written by a cultural anthropologist with a literary background, this deeply interdisciplinary book focuses on the enduring American preoccupation with captivity in a rapidly transforming world. Captivity is a trope that appears in both ordinary and fantastic iterations here, and Susan Lepselter shows how multiple troubled histories—of race, class, gender, and power—become compressed into stories of uncanny memory. “We really don’t have anything like this in terms of a focused, sympathetic, open-minded ethnographic study of UFO experiencers. . . . The author’s semiotic approach to the paranormal is immensely productive, positive, and, above all, resonant with what actually happens in history.”&#xD;—Jeffrey J. Kripal, J. Newton Rayzor Professor of Religion, Rice University&#xD;&#xD;“Lepselter relates a weave of intimate alien sensibilities in out-off-the-way places which are surprisingly, profoundly, close to home. Readers can expect to share her experience of contact with complex logics of feeling, and to do so in a contemporary America they may have thought they understood.”&#xD;—Debbora Battaglia, Mount Holyoke College&#xD;&#xD;“An original and beautifully written study of contemporary American cultural poetics. . . . The book convincingly brings into relief the anxieties of those at the margins of American economic and civic life, their perceptions of state power, and the narrative continuities that bond them to histories of violence and expansion in the American West.”&#xD;—Deirdre de la Cruz, University of Michigan

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