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US Nation Building in Afghanistan

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ISBN: 9781472474841 9781315548623 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-17 11:01:06
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Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts&#xD;inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan&#xD;by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties&#xD;in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The&#xD;main objective of the book is to deepen readers’ understanding of the impact of&#xD;bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the&#xD;Bush administration. It rejects the ‘rational actor’ model, according to which the&#xD;US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within&#xD;the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal&#xD;tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book&#xD;also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in&#xD;nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Engaging the neighbours. Australia and ASEAN since 1974

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ISBN: 9781760460174 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_616882 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-22 11:01:25
License: ANU Press

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From modest beginnings in 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has become the premier regional institution in Southeast Asia. The 10 members are pursuing cooperation to develop the ‘ASEAN Community’ and also sponsor wider dialogues that involve the major powers. Australia has been interested in ASEAN since its inauguration and was the first country to establish a multilateral link with the Association, in 1974. Australia and ASEAN have subsequently engaged and cooperated on many issues of mutual concern, including efforts to secure an agreement to resolve the Cambodia conflict (signed in 1991), the initiation of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation grouping (1989) and the ASEAN Regional Forum (1994), the conclusion of the ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (signed in 2008) and the development of the East Asia Summit (from 2005). This book provides the first available detailed history of the evolution of Australia’s interactions with ASEAN. It assesses the origins and phases of development of Australia’s relations with ASEAN; the role ASEAN has played in Australian foreign policy since the 1970s; the ways in which the two sides have collaborated, and at times disagreed, in the pursuit of regional stability and security; and the key factors that will influence the relationship as it moves into its fifth decade.

From Kinshasa to Kandahar: Canada and Fragile States in Historical Perspective

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Book Series: Beyond Boundaries: Canadian Defence and Strategic Studies ISSN: 17162645 ISBN: 9781552388457 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 304 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-03 23:12:44
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Failed or fragile states are those that are unable or unwilling to provide a socio-political framework for citizens and meet their basic needs. They are a source of terrorism and international crime, as well as incubators of infectious disease, environmental degradation, and unregulated mass migration. Canada's engagement with countries such as the Congo, East Timor, Bosnia, and Afghanistan underlines the commitment of successive Canadian governments to addressing the threats posed to Western security by state fragility.From Kinshasa to Kandahar: Canada and Fragile States in Historical Perspective brings together leading Canadian historians and political scientists to explore Canada's historic relationship with fragile states. The collection spans the period from the 1960s to the present and covers a geographical range that stretches from the Middle East to Latin America to Southeast Asia. Authors embrace a variety of approaches and methodologies, including traditional archival historical research, postmodern textual analysis, oral history, and administrative studies to chronicle and explain Canada's engagement with fragile and failed states.This collection reflects the growing public interest in the issue of failed states, which are of increasing concern to Canadian policymakers and are making headlines on the world stage. It helps explain the historic forces that have shaped Canadian policy towards failed and fragile states, and provides a platform for a national discussion about Canada's future role addressing state fragility.

A Difficult Neighbourhood

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ISBN: 9781760460600 Year: DOI: 10.22459/DN.10.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:14
License: ANU Press

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"Through a series of essays on key events in recent years in Russia, the western ex-republics of the USSR and the countries of the one-time Warsaw Pact, John Besemeres seeks to illuminate the domestic politics of the most important states, as well as Moscow’s relations with all of them. At the outset, he takes some backward glances at the violent suppression of national life in the ‘bloodlands’ of Europe during World War II by the Stalinist and Nazi regimes, which helps to explain much about the region’s dynamics since. His concern throughout is that a large area of Europe with a combined population well in excess of Russia’s could again be consigned by the West to Moscow’s care, not this time by more and less malign forms of collusion, but by distracted negligence or incomprehension. ‘This is a wonderful collection of essays from a leading Eastern Europe specialist. John Besemeres brings a lifetime of experience, profound insights, and an incisive style to subjects ranging from wartime and post-war Poland through contemporary Ukraine to Putin’s Russia. At a time when doublespeak has become the new normal, his refreshing honesty has never been in greater need.’ — Bobo Lo"

Bridging Australia and Japan: Volume 1. The writings of David Sissons, historian and political scientist

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760460860 Year: DOI: 10.22459/BAJ.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:18
License: ANU Press

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This book represents volume one of the writings of David Sissons, who for most of his career pioneered research on the history of relations between Australia and Japan. Much of what he wrote remained unpublished at the time of his death in 2006, and so the editors have included a selection of his hitherto unpublished work along with some of his published writings. Breaking Japanese Diplomatic Codes, edited by Desmond Ball and Keiko Tamura, was published in 2013 and forms a part of the series that reproduces many of Sissons’ writings. In the current volume, the topics covered are wide. They range from contacts between the two countries as far back as the early 19th century, Japanese pearl divers in northern Australia, Japanese prostitutes in Australia, the wool trade, the notorious ‘trade diversion episode’ of 1936, and a study of the Japan historian James Murdoch. Sissons was an extraordinarily meticulous researcher, leaving no stone unturned in his search for accuracy and completeness of understanding, and should be considered one of Australia’s major historians. His writings deal with not only diplomatic negotiations and decision-making, but also the lives of ordinary and often nameless people and their engagements with their host society. His warm humanity in recording ordinary people’s lives as well as his balanced examination of historical incidents and issues from both Australian and Japanese perspectives are a hallmark of his scholarship.

Australia goes to Washington: 75 years of Australian representation in the United States, 1940–2015

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460785 Year: DOI: 10.22459/AGTW.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:38
License: ANU Press

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Since 1940, when an Australian legation was established in Washington DC, Australian governments have expected much from their representatives in the American capital. This book brings together expert analyses of those who have served as heads of mission and of the challenges they have faced. Ranging beyond conventional studies of the Australian–United States relationship, it provides insights into the dynamics between Australian and US policymakers and into the culture of one of Australia’s oldest and most important overseas missions. It provides an appreciation of the importance of the embassy and the head of mission in Washington in mediating the relationship between Australia and the United States and of their role in managing expectations in Canberra and Washington. Australia Goes to Washington also sheds new light on personal trials and achievements at the coalface of Australian–United States relations.

Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy

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ISBN: 9781138669727 9781315618050 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100745
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:37
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Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy looks at democracy promotion as a form of foreign policy. It asks why democracy was seen to be the answer to the 7/7 bombings and why it should be promoted not in Britain, but in Pakistan. The logic and the modes of thinking that drove this response are examined through analysis of the narratives of time, history, development, civilisation and the ineluctable spread of democracy.

The Peacebuilding Puzzle

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ISBN: 9781107169319 9781316718513 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781316718513 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100738
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:31
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Transformative peace operations fall short of achieving the modern political order sought in post-conflict countries because the interventions themselves empower post-conflict elites intent on forging a neopatrimonial political order. The Peacebuilding Puzzle explains the disconnect between the formal institutional engineering undertaken by international interventions, and the governance outcomes that emerge in their aftermath. Barma's comparative analysis of interventions in Cambodia, East Timor, and Afghanistan focuses on the incentives motivating domestic elites over a sequence of three peacebuilding phases: the elite peace settlement, the transitional governance period, and the aftermath of intervention.

Globalization and Labour in the Twenty-First Century

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ISBN: 9780415528535 9781315624044 Year: Pages: 261 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103478
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:56
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Globalisation has adversely affected working-class organisation and mobilisation; but international labour movement demobilisation is not necessarily an irreversible trend. Globalisation has prompted workers and their organisations to find new ways to mobilise. This book examines international labour movement opposition to globalisation. It chronicles and critically scrutinizes the emergence of distinctively new forms of labour movement organisation and mobilisation that constitute creative initiatives on the part of labour, which present capitalism with fresh challenges. The author identifies eight characteristics of globalisation that have proven problematic to workers and their organisations and describes and analyses how they have responded to these challenges since 1990 and especially in the past decade. In particular, it focuses attention on new types of labour movement organisation and mobilisation that are not simply defensive reactions but are offensive and innovative responses that compel corporations to behave more responsively and responsibly towards employees and society at large. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of globalisation, political economy, labour politics, economics, Marxism and sociology of work.

The European Union's Policy Towards Mercosur

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Book Series: European Policy ISBN: 9780719096945 9781526108401 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626404 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100062
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:03:00
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This book provides a distinctive and empirically rich account of the European Union’s relationship with the Common Market of the South (Mercosur). It seeks to examine the motivations that determine the EU’s policy towards Mercosur; the most important relationship the EU has with another regional economic integration organization. Drawing on extensive primary documents, the book argues that the major developments in the relationship were initiated by Mercosur and supported mainly by Spain. Rather than the EU pursuing a strategy, as implied by most of the existing literature, the EU was largely responsive, which explains why the relationship is much less developed than the EU’s relations with other parts of the world.

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