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Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects

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ISBN: 9789535124092 9789535124108 9789535141990 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.5772/61432 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book, Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects, is intended to provide an overview and practical examples of the use of nanomaterials in the new scientific challenges of the green nanotechnology world. We aimed to compile information from a diversity of sources into a single volume to give some real examples, extending the concept that green nanotechnology is far from being a scientific conundrum, and instead a real answer to some of the actual problems the whole planet is dealing with.

Advances in Carbon Nanostructures

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ISBN: 9789535126423 9789535126430 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.5772/61730 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Carbon atoms have the amazing ability to bond in remarkable different manners that can assume distinct astonishing dimensional arrangements from which absolutely diverse and interesting nanostructured carbon materials are obtained. This book aims to cover the most recent advances in (i) Graphene and derivatives, including graphene-based magnetic composites, membranes, wafer devices, and nanofibers for several applications, as well as some particular properties, such as light emission from graphene; (ii) Carbon nanotubes heaters and fibers for reinforcement of cement and diamond-based thin films; and (iii) Nanofluids consisting of both graphene and carbon nanotubes, apart from reporting some important case studies dealing with carbon nanostructures and their use in sensors, coatings, or electromagnetic wave absorbers.

Advances in Colloid Science

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ISBN: 9789535127734 9789535127741 9789535141464 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.5772/62716 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book Advances in Colloid Science covers a number of up-to-date research advancement and progresses on colloids. It is a promising novel research field that has acknowledged a lot of interest recently. Here, the exciting scientific reports on cutting edge of science and technology associated to facile and economical synthesis, self-assembly, wettability, liquid crystallinity, physical properties, adoptions, morphology, control, drug design, structural properties, and prospective biological and optical implementation of newly designed colloids are concluded. This book presents an overview of recent and current colloidal study of fundamental and significant applications and implementation research worldwide. The colloidal science offers significant new and exciting challenges in biomedical, chemical, physical, and technological field. It is an important booklet for research organizations, governmental research centers, academic libraries, and R&D affianced in recent research and advancement of colloids.

Apatites and their Synthetic Analogues - Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535122654 9789535122661 Year: Pages: 514 DOI: 10.5772/59882 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Apatite-type minerals and their synthetic analogues are of interest of many industrial branches and scientific disciplines including material sciences, chemical industry, agriculture, geology, medicine and dentistry. This book provides a basic overview of general knowledges of this topic in order to provide the comprehensive survey from a scientific and technological perspective. The book is divided into 10 chapters, which are devoted to the structure and properties of minerals from the supergroup of apatite, experimental techniques of preparation and characterization of synthetic analogues of apatite minerals, substitution in the structure of apatite as well as utilization of these materials in wide range of common and special advanced applications in industry, material sciences and research. Additionally, the phosphate rocks, their classification, geological role, mining and beneficiation of phosphate ore, production of elemental phosphorus, phosphoric acid and fertilizers are also described. Although this book is meant for chemist, material scientist and research engineers, the individual chapters contain theoretical background, historical aspects as well as examples of synthetic and analytical methods which may be also interesting for students and non-expert readers as well.

Chemical Vapor Deposition - Recent Advances and Applications in Optical, Solar Cells and Solid State Devices

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ISBN: 9789535125723 9789535125730 9789535141877 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.5772/61559 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book provides an overview of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods and recent advances in developing novel materials for application in various fields. CVD has now evolved into the most widely used technique for growth of thin films in electronics industry. Several books on CVD methods have emerged in the past, and thus the scope of this book goes beyond providing fundamentals of the CVD process. Some of the chapters included highlight current limitations in the CVD methods and offer alternatives in developing coatings through overcoming these limitations.

Nanofibres: Friend or Foe?

ISBN: 9783038422785 9783038422792 Year: Pages: XII, 178 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-19 09:28:28
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Nanofibers, particularly those of a carbonaceous content, have received increased interest in the past two decades due to their outstanding physico-chemical characteristics and their possibility to form and contribute towards a plethora of potentially advantageous materials for consumer, industrial and medical applications. Despite this, and together with the numerous research studies and published articles that have sought to investigate these aspects, the potential impact of CNTs is still not understood. Whether or not nanofibers may be able to provide a sophisticated alternative to conventional materials is still debatable, whilst their effects upon both environmental and human health are highly equivocal. How nanofibers are conceived can determine how they may interact with different environments, such as the human body. Understanding each key step of the synthesis and production of nanofibers to their use within potential applications is therefore essential in gaining an insight into how they may be perceived by any biological system and environment. Thus, obtaining such information will enable all scientific communities to begin to realize the potential advantages posed by nanofibers. The aim of this Special Issue therefore, was to provide a collective overview of nanofibers; ‘from synthesis to application’. The Issue particularly focuses upon carbon-based nanofibers, but also highlights alternative nanofiber types. Emphasis is given holistically, with articles discussing the production routes of nanofibers, their plight during their life-cycle (origin to applied form and effects over time), as well as how nanofibers could either incite conflict, or provide aid to human and environmental health.

Biomedical Chemistry. Current Trends and Developments

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ISBN: 9783110468755 9783110468878 Year: Pages: 361 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468755 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Biochemistry --- Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 19:08:48
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Biomedical Chemistry provides readers with an understanding of how fundamental chemical concepts are used to combat some diseases. The authors explain the interdisciplinary relationship of chemistry with biology, physics, pharmacy and medicine. The results of chemical research can be applied to understand chemical processes in cells and in the body, and new methods for drug transportation. Also, basic chemical ideas and determination of disease etiology are approached by developing techniques to ensure optimum interaction between drugs and human cells. This Book is an excellent resource for students and researchers in health-related fields with frontier topics in medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry, organic chemistry and biochemistry.

Untersuchung des Sinterverhaltens von SrTiO? unter Berücksichtigung der Defektchemie

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783731505105 Year: Volume: 61 Pages: V, 215 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000054013 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Space charge contributions to the densification of perovskite ceramics during sintering were assessed in the model system strontium titanate using a combined experimental and analytical approach. Defect chemistry in the bulk and at the grain-boundaries for SrTiO? in high temperature regions were calculated based on literature data. Diffusion coefficients for bulk-diffusion and grain boundary-diffusion were estimated and used with Coble’s equations for densification rates.

Plasma Science and Technology - Progress in Physical States and Chemical Reactions

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ISBN: 9789535146179 9789535122807 Year: Pages: 548 DOI: 10.5772/60692 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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In the early twentieth century, Dr. Irving Langmuir actively studied plasma discharge and surface science. Since then, great progress has been made in the development of applications of discharges and plasmas such as discharge lamps, electric tubes, and arc welding. In relation to studies on space physics and controlled nuclear fusion, plasma physics has greatly advanced. Plasma chemistry has also progressed along with its applications in LSI fabrication technology, the chemical vapor deposition of functional films, and the production of nanomaterials. In the twenty-first century, the further development of applications of plasma physics and plasma chemistry is certainly expected. In this book, 18 chapters on the recent progress in plasma science and technology have been written by active specialists worldwide.

Applications of Molecular Spectroscopy to Current Research in the Chemical and Biological Sciences

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ISBN: 9789535126805 9789535126812 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.5772/61896 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The goal of this book is to present an overview of applications of molecular spectroscopy to investigations in organic and inorganic materials, foodstuffs, biosamples and biomedicine, and novel characterization and quantitation methods. This text is a compilation of selected research articles and reviews covering current efforts in various applications of molecular spectroscopy. Sections 1 and 2 deal, respectively, with spectroscopic studies of inorganic and organic materials. Section 3 provides applications of molecular spectroscopy to biosamples and biomedicine. Section 4 explores spectroscopic characterization and quantitation of foods and beverages. Lastly, Section 5 presents research on novel spectroscopic methodologies. Overall, this book should be a great source of scientific information for anyone involved in characterization, quantitation, and method development.

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