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Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire and After

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Book Series: The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage ISBN: 9789004293120 9789004305809 Year: Volume: 59 Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613397 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-20 10:48:39
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This title, in its entirety, is available online in Open Access. This volume explores the ways childhood was experienced, lived and remembered in the late Ottoman Empire and its successor states in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when rapid change placed unprecedented demands on the young.

Keywords

history

Engines of Truth

Author:
ISBN: 9780300216554 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604618 Language: English
Publisher: Yale University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:10
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During the Victorian era, new laws allowed more witnesses to testify in court cases. At the same time, an emerging cultural emphasis on truth-telling drove the development of new ways of inhibiting perjury. Strikingly original and drawing on a broad array of archival research, Wendie Schneider’s examination of the Victorian courtroom charts this period of experimentation and how its innovations shaped contemporary trial procedure. Blending legal, social, and colonial history, she shines new light on cross-examination, the most enduring product of this time and the “greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth.” This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history

The World's Oldest Church

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Book Series: Synkrisis ISBN: 9780300216516 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604619 Language: English
Publisher: Yale University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:24
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Michael Peppard provides a historical and theological reassessment of the oldest Christian building ever discovered, the third-century house-church at Dura-Europos. Contrary to commonly held assumptions about Christian initiation, Peppard contends that rituals here did not primarily embody notions of death and resurrection. Rather, he portrays the motifs of the church’s wall paintings as those of empowerment, healing, marriage, and incarnation, while boldly reidentifying the figure of a woman formerly believed to be a repentant sinner as the Virgin Mary. This richly illustrated volume is a breakthrough work that enhances our understanding of early Christianity at the nexus of Bible, art, and ritual. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history

Worker Voice

Author:
ISBN: 9781781382684 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608307 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:26
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This book informs debates about worker participation in the workplace or worker voice by analysing comparative historical data relating to these ideas during the inter-war period in Australia, Canada, Germany, the UK and the US. The issue is topical because of the contemporary shift to a workplace focus in many countries without a corresponding development of infrastructure at the workplace level, and because of the growing ‘representation gap’ as union membership declines. Some commentators have called for the introduction of works councils to address these issues. Other scholars have gone back and examined the experiences with the non-union Employee Representation Plans (ERPs) in Canada and the US. This book will test these claims through examining and comparing the historical record of previous efforts of five countries during a rich period of experimentation between the Wars. In addition to ERPs, the book expands the debate will by examining union-management co-operation, Whitley works committees and German works councils.

Keywords

history

A People's History of Modern Europe

Author:
ISBN: 9781783717675 9780745332468 Year: Pages: 289 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610071 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-12 11:01:17
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From the monarchical terror of the Middle Ages to the mangled Europe of the Twenty-first Century, A People's History of Modern Europe tracks the history of the continent through the deeds of those whom mainstream history tries to forget. Europe provided the perfect conditions for a great number of political revolutions from below. The German peasant wars of Thomas Müntzer, the bourgeoisie revolutions of the eighteenth century through to the rise of the industrial worker in England and the turbulent journey of the Russian Soviets, the role of the European working class throughout the Cold War, students in 1968 and through to the present day, where we continue to fight to forge an alternative to the barbaric economic system. With sections focusing on the role of women, this history sweeps away the tired platitudes of the privileged which our current understanding is based upon, and provides an opportunity to see our history differently.

Keywords

history

Nog steeds een mirakel? De legitimiteit van het poldermodel in de eenentwintigste eeuw

Author:
ISBN: 9789089647092 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089647092 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-06 11:01:15
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Het boek A Dutch Miracle van J. Visser en A. Hemerijck uit 1997 analyseerde de rol van onderhandelingen, coördinatie en consensus in het Nederlandse Poldermodel en stelde vast dat het cruciale factoren zijn geweest in het overkomen van de hoge werkloosheid van begin jaren '80 en de goede performance van de Nederlandse arbeidsmarkt in de jaren '90. Nu, bijna 20 jaar later, worden er steeds meer vragen gesteld bij zowel de legitimiteit als de functionaliteit van het Poldermodel. De representativiteit van de vakbonden is dalende en jongeren en het midden- en kleinbedrijf zien zich vaak niet vertegenwoordigd in de Polder die volgens critici op ondemocratische wijze deelbelangen in plaats van het algemeen belang vertegenwoordigt en noodzakelijke hervormingen op sociaaleconomisch gebied in de weg staat. Door differentiatie van belangen tussen sectoren of hoog en laag opgeleiden wordt het voor de sociale partners ook steeds moeilijker om met één stem te spreken en centrale afspraken te maken uit naam van alle betrokkenen. Ook is het voor de sociale partners moeilijker geworden afspraken te maken over sociale zekerheid en vervolgens een rol te spelen in de implementatie van deze afspraken, aangezien hun rol in de uitvoering van de sociale zekerheid is verminderd. Coördinatie van het algemene sociale zekerheidsbeleid en de afstemming met cao's en het arbeidsvoorwaardenbeleid zijn dus moeilijker zijn geworden. Het maken van centrale afspraken wordt verder beperkt door het groeiende belang van Europees beleid en afspraken in Euroverband met betrekking tot overheidsuitgaven, en door voortschrijdende globalisering en finacialisation. &#xD;Deze ontwikkelingen en kritieken leiden dus tot serieuze vragen over de legitimiteit en functionaliteit het Poldermodel. In dit boek worden de hedendaagse legitimiteit en functionaliteit van het model vanuit verschillende hoeken en disciplines geanalyseerd om zo een beeld te vormen van het Poldermodel anno nu en van de mogelijke rol van het Poldermodel in de toekomst. De lessen van de verschillende hoofdstukken worden in de inleiding bij elkaar gebracht.

Keywords

history

Polaris

Authors: ---
Book Series: Northern Lights ISBN: 9781552388754 9781552388761 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 672 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626399 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100652
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-19 19:06:51
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Emil Bessels was chief scientist and medical officer on George Francis Hall's ill-fated American North Pole Expedition of 1871-73 on board the ship Polaris. Bessels' book, translated from the German in its entirety for the first time, is one of only two first-hand accounts of the voyage, and it is the only first-hand account of the experiences of the group which stayed with the ship after it ran afoul of arctic ice, leaving some of its crew stranded on an ice floe. Bessels and the others spent a second winter on shore in Northwest Greenland, where the drifting, disabled ship ran aground. Hall died suspiciously during the first winter, and Bessels is widely suspected of having poisoned him. Bill Barr has uncovered new evidence of a possible motive. Essential reading for researchers and students of arctic exploration history, this book is also a compelling read for the interested general reader.

Keywords

History

An Aqueous Territory

Author:
ISBN: 9780822362203 9780822373735 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100279
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:43
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In 'An Aqueous Territory' Ernesto Bassi traces the configuration of a geographic space he calls the transimperial Greater Caribbean between 1760 and 1860. Focusing on the Caribbean coast of New Granada (present-day Colombia), Bassi shows that the region's residents did not live their lives bounded by geopolitical borders. Rather, the cross-border activities of sailors, traders, revolutionaries, indigenous peoples, and others reflected their perceptions of the Caribbean as a transimperial space where trade, information, and people circulated, both conforming to and in defiance of imperial regulations. Bassi demonstrates that the islands, continental coasts, and open waters of the transimperial Greater Caribbean constituted a space that was simultaneously Spanish, British, French, Dutch, Danish, Anglo-American, African, and indigenous.

Keywords

History

New Countries

Author:
ISBN: 9780822361145 9780822374305 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625281 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100277
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:05
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Between 1750 and 1870 the world faced transformations marked by the rise of industrial capitalism, the fall of European empires in the Americas, and the rise of nations there. 'New Countries' explores how these events transformed the Americas in diverging ways. Up to 1790, Saint Domingue’s sugar and slave economy drove Atlantic trades; then revolutionary slaves made Haiti, freeing themselves and ending export production. New Spain’s silver fueled global trades until Bajío insurgents collapsed silver capitalism and undermined Spanish rule after 1810. The fall of silver left regions from Mexico through Guatemala and the Andes in search of new polities and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon, most American nations turned to commodity exports, and Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to keep independent lives beyond the reach of industrial powers seeking supplies and markets.

Keywords

History

Now Peru Is Mine

Authors: ---
Book Series: Narrating Native Histories ISBN: 9780822362180 9780822373759 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100694
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:07
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Born in 1921, Manuel Llamojha Mitma became one of Peru's most creative and inspiring indigenous political activists. Now Peru Is Mine combines extensive oral history interviews with archival research to chronicle his struggles for indigenous land rights and political inclusion as well as his fight against anti-Indian racism. His compelling story—framed by Jaymie Patricia Heilman's historical contextualization—covers nearly eight decades, from the poverty of his youth and teaching himself to read, to becoming an internationally known activist. Llamojha also recounts his life's tragedies, such as being forced to flee his home and the disappearance of his son during the war between the Shining Path and the government. His life gives insight into many key developments in Peru's tumultuous twentieth-century history, among them urbanization, poverty, racism, agrarian reform, political organizing, the demise of the hacienda system, and the Shining Path.

Keywords

History

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