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Sincerity in Politics and International Relations

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics ISBN: 9780203762257 Year: Pages: 224 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 11:01:58
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This work examines concept of sincerity in politics and international relations in order to discuss what we should expect of politicians, within what parameters should they work, and how their decisions and actions could be made consistent with morality. The collection features an international cast of authors who specialize in the topic of sincerity in politics and international relations. Each chapter will be focused on a contemporary issue in politics and international relations, including corruption, public hypocrisy, cynicism, trust, security, policy formulation and decision-making, political apology, public reason, denial and self-deception,and will argue against the background of a Kantian view of sincerity as unconditional. Focusing on sincerity bearing on political actions, practices, and institutions at national and international level, the collection will include an introduction by the editors that will serve to place the contributions in the context of ongoing contemporary debates on sincerity in politics and international theory. Offering a significant comprehensive outlook on the practical limits of sincerity in political affairs, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars alike.

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politics --- political theory

Why the Center Can't Hold: A Diagnosis of Puritanized America

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ISBN: 9780692725474 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0142.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:36
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“Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold.” These words from Yeats’s poem “The Second Coming” provide Why the Center Can’t Hold with its organizing theme. And although Yeats was describing the grim atmosphere of post-World War I Europe, O’Neill regards the poem’s pronouncements as eerily predictive of the state of the world as we are currently observing it. O’Neill takes them as predictive of the agency in particular of the United States—the “Center”—in bringing about in the world the more general chaos we are now observing (relative to various refugee and migrant crises, the emergence of sophisticated and even postmodern forms of militant and cyber terrorism, banking and other monetary crises, environmental catastrophes under the aegis of climate change, the defunding of public higher education, the persistence of virulent forms of racism and other types of intolerance, the concentration of wealth in fewer and fewer hands, the marginalisation and even outright elimination of human labor forces, etc.). O’Neill provides historical analyses that illuminate why this is the case, and he also asks what changes in the United States — in its politics, in its socio-cultural formations, and in its beliefs and (supposedly common) values — might help us to avoid the inevitable (and lamentable) destruction that seems ahead

On Civic Republicanism

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781487511395 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604620 Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:38
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" Continuing the analysis of contemporary issues through the lens of ancient theories beyond the themes of Enduring Empire and the award-winning On Oligarchy, On Civic Republicanism explores the enduring relevance of the ancient concepts of republicanism and civic virtue to modern questions about political engagement and identity. Examining both ancient and early modern conceptions of civic republicanism, the contributors respond to the work of thinkers ranging from Plato and Aristotle to Machiavelli, Montesquieu, and Wollstonecraft.&#xD; A testament to the continuing influence of the concept and the ongoing scholarly debate which surrounds it, On Civic Republicanism addresses fundamental questions regarding democratic participation, liberal democracy, and the public good. Its essays speak to the many ways in which the idea of the republic still challenges us today."&#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Social Innovations in the Urban Context

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Book Series: Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies ISSN: 15682579 ISBN: 9783319215501 9783319215518 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21551-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:21:34
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This book addresses the practice of social innovation, which is currently very much in the public eye. New ideas and approaches are needed to tackle the severe and wicked problems with which contemporary societies are struggling. Especially in times of economic crisis, social innovation is regarded as one of the crucial elements needed to move forward. Our knowledge of its dynamics has significantly progressed, thanks to an abundance of studies on social innovation both general and sector-specific. However, despite the valuable research conducted over the past years, the systematic analysis of social innovation is still contested and incomplete. The questions asked in the book will be the following:1. What is the nature of social innovations?2.What patterns can be identified in social innovations emerging at the local level?3.How is the emergence and spread of social innovations related to urban governance? More precisely, which conditions and arrangements facilitate and hinders social innovation?We explore these questions using different types of data and methods, and studying different contexts. In particular, we focus on innovations that aim at solving problems of the young unemployed, single parents and migrants. This analysis is based on original research carried out in the period 2010-2013 in the framework of a European project with a specific empirical research strategy. Research was carried out in 20 cities in 10 different European countries.

Cinema, democracy and perfectionism: Joshua Foa Dienstag in dialogue

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Book Series: Critical Powers ISBN: 9781784997359 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-03 11:01:14
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In the lead essay for this volume, Joshua Foa Dienstag engages in a critical encounter with the work of Stanley Cavell on cinema, focusing sceptical attention on the claims made for the contribution of cinema to the ethical character of democratic life. In this debate, Dienstag mirrors the celebrated dialogue between Rousseau and Jean D'Alembert on theatre, casting Cavell as D'Alembert in his view that we can learn to become better citizens and better people by observing a staged representation of human life, with Dienstag arguing, after Rousseau, that this misunderstands the relationship between original and copy, even more so in the medium of film than in the medium of theatre. The argument is developed further by essays from Clare Woodford, Tracy B. Strong, Margaret Kohn, Davide Panagia and Thomas Dunn, to which Dienstag responds in the concluding chapter, 'A reply to my critics'.

Crisis States: Governance, Resistance & Precarious Capitalism

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ISBN: 9780988234086 Year: Pages: 82 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0146.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:35
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This is an age of crisis: economic, political, environmental, and social. Yet the nature of contemporary crisis is often misunderstood. Crisis, rather than being accidental or episodic – as is too often assumed – has been a regular feature of state practice in the neoliberal austerity regimes of contemporary capitalism. In this timely work Jeff Shantz gives special attention to the particular manufactured crises associated with austerity regimes and conditions of precarity within contemporary capitalism, and how Crisis States differ from other forms of state practice. Crisis is a powerful weapon of states and capital in the pursuit of accumulation, exploitation, and control. Engaging insights from anarchism and autonomous Marxism, Shantz lays bare the real nature and character of crisis as political and social pursuits of state and capital under precarious capitalism. Attention is also given to social resistance under crisis state conditions. Contemporary capitalism renders the oppressed and exploited precarious at the same time as opportunities are opened to render the system itself precarious. Understanding Crisis States and precarious capitalism is crucial in considering prospects for resistance.

Macht und Gewalt im Widerstreit

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Book Series: reflexe ISBN: 9783796535567 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_622131 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170373
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-13 11:01:26
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The philosopher Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) strongly challenged the political theory of the 20th century by positing a momentous conceptual distinction. In her books The Human Condition, On Revolution, and On Violence, she developed the thesis that power and violence are two political phenomena with opposite causes and effects and therefore have to be distinguished radically. Arendt re- reads the political history of the present time in light of the contrast between power and violence, and establishes a new understanding of revolution and de- mocracy, economic rationality, and total domination. Her conviction that the freedom--related dimension of politics is measured by its ability to avoid and transform violence in its diverse facets serves as a starting point for her political philosophy. The present work analyzes Arendt’s political philosophy by placing its focus on her descriptive and normative distinction between power and violence. The contrast between both concepts offers a key to understanding important as- pects of Arendt’s political thinking that are not fully developed neither by Ar- endt herself nor in the literature on Arendt. One the one hand, this calls for a more detailed definition of both the concept of power, understood as the power to enable as well as the power to enforce, and the distinction between the con- cept of power and the concept of violence. On the other hand, Arendt’s em- phatic notion of power, understood as a practice of beginning, sharing, and participating, is to be critically examined with respect to its limitations and ex- clusions in order to demonstrate where in Arendt’s own theory of power violence is implicitly inscribed and how power and violence might interact on a political level. The book offers a detailed reconstruction of Arendt’s understand- ing of power and violence and discusses its actual relevance for a political the- ory of democratic practices.

Critical Theories of Crises in Europe: From Weimar to the Euro

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ISBN: 9781783487455 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611731 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 312331
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 11:01:17
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What is to be learned from the chaotic downfall of the Weimar Republic and the erosion of European liberal statehood in the interwar period vis-a-vis the ongoing Europeancrisis? This book analyses and explains the recurrent emergence of crises in European societies. It asks how previous crises can inform our understanding of the present crisis. The particular perspective advanced is that these crises not only are economic and social crises, but must also be understood as crises of public power, order and authority. In other words, it argues that substantial challenges to the functional and normative setup of democracy and the rule of law were central to the emergence and the unfolding of these crises.The book draws on and adds to the rich â&#128;&#153;crises literatureâ&#128;&#153; developed within the critical theory tradition to outline a conceptual framework for understanding what societal crises are.&#xD;The central idea is that societal crises represent a discrepancy between the unfolding of social processes and the institutional frameworks that have been established to normatively stabilize such processes. The crises at issue emerged in periods characterized by strong social, economic and technological transformations as well as situations of political upheaval. As such, the crises represented moments where the existing functional and normative grid of society, as embodied in notions of public order and authority, were&#xD;severely challenged and in many instances undermined. Seen in this perspective, the book reconstructs how crises unfolded, how they were experienced, and what kind of responses the specific crises in question provoked.

Ambivalenzen des Alltags

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837625394 9783839425398 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839425398 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103364
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Die Politische Theorie ist gegenwärtig und nicht zuletzt in Reaktion auf veränderte gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse durch eine angeregte Diskussion über das Politische geprägt. Brigitte Bargetz greift diese aktuellen Debatten auf und schlägt mit dem Konzept des Alltags einen neuen Weg vor, das Politische zu denken: Im Anschluss an Henri Lefebvre, Agnes Heller und Lawrence Grossberg entwirft sie eine vielschichtige politische Theorie des Alltags, die es ermöglicht, Alltag als ambivalenten politischen Kampfplatz zwischen Herrschaft und Widerstand zu fassen, der den Ausgangspunkt für eine praxisorientierte Theorie des Politischen auch jenseits des Staates bildet.

Working the Phones

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ISBN: 9780745399089 9781786800145 9781786800152 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102183
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-18 12:10:57
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*Shortlisted for the BBC Radio 4 Thinking Allowed Award for Ethnography 2017*Over a million people in the UK work in call centres, and the phrase has become synonymous with low-paid and high stress work, dictatorial supervisors and an enforced dearth of union organisation. However, rarely does the public have access to the true picture of what goes on in these institutions. For Working the Phones, Jamie Woodcock worked undercover in a call centre to gather insights into the everyday experiences of call centre workers. He shows how this work has become emblematic of the shift towards a post-industrial service economy, and all the issues that this produces, such as the destruction of a unionised work force, isolation and alienation, loss of agency and, ominously, the proliferation of surveillance and control which affects mental and physical well being of the workers.

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