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An Analysis of Contemporary Social Welfare Issues

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ISBN: 9789535127185 9789535127192 9789535141617 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.5772/62677 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book offers a sharp critique and a detailed analysis of some pernicious social welfare problems and the wide-ranging causes and consequences of those complex social issues on individuals, families, and communities. Unemployment, health-care disparities, teenage pregnancy, and intimate partner violence constitute the focus of this work. Based on empirical and historical analyses of primary and secondary data, the book provides a conceptual framework that facilitates the reader's understanding of how those social issues are interrelated. Each chapter offers some clear policy recommendations directed to address those social problems. Written by well-published scholars, this work will be of great interest not only to students majoring in the social and political sciences but also to academics and practitioners active in the field of social welfare, social policy, and social work.

Virtual Learning

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ISBN: 9789535128243 9789535128236 9789535141365 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/62799 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Education
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The first chapter provides an overview of the popular systems for distance learning. In the second chapter, a review of all major social and economic activities in order to improve the system of virtual learning is given. The third chapter deals with the influence of technology in the management of educational institutions. The fourth chapter provides an overview of the graphic communication. The fifth chapter confirms that quality assurance remains an integral and indispensable part of the process of virtual learning. The sixth and seventh chapters are dedicated to health and mutual communication about health problems and causes. The eighth and ninth chapters are dedicated to massive open online courses (MOOC). The tenth chapter refers to the widespread use of virtual reality in industrial environments.

Bioethics - Medical, Ethical and Legal Perspectives

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ISBN: 9789535128472 9789535128489 9789535141266 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.5772/62798 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
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The main strength of this book is that it examines the challenges facing the field of Bioethics today from medical, ethical and legal perspectives. A critical exchange of ideas from professionals in interdisciplinary fields allows everyone to learn and benefit from the insights gained through others' experiences. Examining, analyzing and understanding these complex medical-ethical-legal issues and cases and how they are resolved will serve as a paradigm for all professionals who will be confronted with these complex bioethical issues now and in the future. The more we face these challenges directly, examine them critically and debate them enthusiastically the more knowledge will be gained and hopefully, we will gain more practical wisdom.

Queer Methods and Methodologies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780754678434 Year: Pages: 316 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:04
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When we first envisaged this book, we anticipated that those reflecting on queer methods and methodologies might experience similar possibilities, tensions and anxieties to those we encountered in our own work. A major impetus for producing this book was our own awareness of how often we ignored or skimmed over thinking about how some methodologies and methods might not neatly fit the ‘queer’ conceptual frames we use in our research.

Wie ticken Jugendliche 2016?: Lebenswelten von Jugendlichen im Alter von 14 bis 17 Jahren in Deutschland

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783658125325 9783658125332 Year: Pages: 481 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-12533-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 18:03:05
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Wie leben und erleben Jugendliche ihren Alltag? Wie nehmen sie die historischen und heutigen Verhältnisse in Deutschland und in der Welt wahr? Was stiftet für sie Sinn? Welche Lebensentwürfe verfolgen sie? Welche Rolle spielen Mobilität, Nachhaltigkeit und digitale Medien in ihrem Leben?Diesen und weiteren Fragen geht die SINUS-Jugendstudie 2016 empirisch nach und bildet dabei die Vielfalt der Perspektiven jugendlicher Lebenswelten ab. Das gelingt ihr besonders anschaulich, indem sie 14- bis 17-Jährige in Form von zahlreichen Zitaten und kreativen Selbstzeugnissen ungefiltert zu Wort kommen lässt. Einzigartig ist auch, dass Jugendliche fotografische Einblicke in ihre Wohnwelten gewähren und erstmalig selbst als Interviewer ihre Fragen eingebracht haben. Die SINUS-Jugendstudie verleiht der jungen Generation somit eine öffentliche Stimme, die es genau wahrzunehmen gilt. Denn der Blick auf die Jugend ist immer auch ein Blick auf die Zukunft eines Landes.Nach den Vorgängerstudien (2008, 2012) legt das SINUS-Institut bereits die dritte Untersuchung der viel beachteten Reihe „Wie ticken Jugendliche?“ vor.

Ageing and Technology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783837629576 9783839429570 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101242
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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The booming increase of the senior population has become a social phenomenon and a challenge to our societies, and technological advances have undoubtedly contributed to improve the lives of elderly citizens in numerous aspects. In current debates on technology, however, the »human factor« is often largely ignored. The ageing individual is rather seen as a malfunctioning machine whose deficiencies must be diagnosed or as a set of limitations to be overcome by means of technological devices. This volume aims at focusing on the perspective of human beings deriving from the development and use of technology: this change of perspective – taking the human being and not technology first – may help us to become more sensitive to the ambivalences involved in the interaction between humans and technology, as well as to adapt technologies to the people that created the need for its existence, thus contributing to improve the quality of life of senior citizens.

Tourism - From Empirical Research Towards Practical Application

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ISBN: 9789535146629 9789535122814 9789535142027 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/61385 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
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Tourism is that area of activity of contemporary man that touches on various fields of human interest. Representatives of numerous academic disciplines find it intriguing for its exceptionally interdisciplinary character. Conditions for and consequences of the development of tourism are investigated, among others, by economists, geographers, sociologists, experts in culture, anthropologists, management and social policy specialists and even by representatives of some natural sciences. Researchers dealing with tourism need to meet strict methodological requirements, but they get access to a very interesting subject of scientific inquiry, which combines social, cultural, economic and environmental aspects to create an ontologically new quality offering epistemological challenges.

Entrepreneurship - Practice-Oriented Perspectives

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ISBN: 9789535127604 9789535127611 9789535141563 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/62694 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
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Entrepreneurship has been seen as a phenomenon allowing economic development, job creation, increased productivity and innovation, but many studies do not include the causes of these events. Consequently, the objective of this book is to fill this gap by combining several studies from more practice-oriented perspectives. The various chapters presented here follow several approaches which researchers explore in different contexts and link to specific experiences in entrepreneurship. This book intends to contribute to better understanding of the phenomenon of entrepreneurship and innovation, and to show how these business practices can stimulate economic development in various countries and regions worldwide.

How Generations Remember

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Book Series: Global Diversities ISBN: 9781137450630 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-45063-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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Social sciences; Anthropology; Historiography; Sociology; Peace; International relations; Culture—Study and teaching

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197354 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-735-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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The history of livestock started with the domestication of their wild ancestors: a restricted number of species allowed to be tamed and entered a symbiotic relationship with humans. In exchange for food, shelter and protection, they provided us with meat, eggs, hides, wool and draught power, thus contributing considerably to our economic and cultural development. Depending on the species, domestication took place in different areas and periods. After domestication, livestock spread over all inhabited regions of the earth, accompanying human migrations and becoming also trade objects. This required an adaptation to different climates and varying styles of husbandry and resulted in an enormous phenotypic diversity. Approximately 200 years ago, the situation started to change with the rise of the concept of breed. Animals were selected for the same visible characteristics, and crossing with different phenotypes was reduced. This resulted in the formation of different breeds, mostly genetically isolated from other populations. A few decades ago, selection pressure was increased again with intensive production focusing on a limited range of types and a subsequent loss of genetic diversity. For short-term economic reasons, farmers have abandoned traditional breeds. As a consequence, during the 20th century, at least 28% of farm animal breeds became extinct, rare or endangered. The situation is alarming in developing countries, where native breeds adapted to local environments and diseases are being replaced by industrial breeds. In the most marginal areas, farm animals are considered to be essential for viable land use and, in the developing world, a major pathway out of poverty. Historic documentation from the period before the breed formation is scarce. Thus, reconstruction of the history of livestock populations depends on archaeological, archeo-zoological and DNA analysis of extant populations. Scientific research into genetic diversity takes advantage of the rapid advances in molecular genetics. Studies of mitochondrial DNA, microsatellite DNA profiling and Y-chromosomes have revealed details on the process of domestication, on the diversity retained by breeds and on relationships between breeds. However, we only see a small part of the genetic information and the advent of new technologies is most timely in order to answer many essential questions. High-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping is about to be available for all major farm animal species. The recent development of sequencing techniques calls for new methods of data management and analysis and for new ideas for the extraction of information. To make sense of this information in practical conditions, integration of geo-environmental and socio-economic data are key elements. The study and management of farm animal genomic resources (FAnGR) is indeed a major multidisciplinary issue. The goal of the present Research Topic was to collect contributions of high scientific quality relevant to biodiversity management, and applying new methods to either new genomic and bioinformatics approaches for characterization of FAnGR, to the development of FAnGR conservation methods applied ex-situ and in-situ, to socio-economic aspects of FAnGR conservation, to transfer of lessons between wildlife and livestock biodiversity conservation, and to the contribution of FAnGR to a transition in agriculture (FAnGR and agro-ecology).

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