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High Performance Concrete Technology and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126508 9789535126515 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/61562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Concrete is widely used because of its versatility, affordability, and availability of raw materials, strength, and durability. Urban development that took place through the world in the last few decades yielded significant developments for concrete technology. The term high-performance concrete (HPC) is relatively new, and it refers to many properties such as strength, durability, sound and heat insulation, waterproofing, and side advantages such as air purification, self-cleaning, etc. Researchers and engineers are constantly working for improving concrete properties. This book provides the state of the art on recent progress in the high-performance concrete applications written by researchers and experts of the field. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in related fields.

Developments in Combustion Technology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126683 9789535126690 Year: Pages: 430 DOI: 10.5772/61418 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

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Over the past few decades, exciting developments have taken place in the field of combustion technology. The present edited volume intends to cover recent developments and provide a broad perspective of the key challenges that characterize the field. The target audience for this book includes engineers involved in combustion system design, operational planning and maintenance. Manufacturers and combustion technology researchers will also benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this work. The volume is organized into five main sections comprising 15 chapters overall: - Coal and Biofuel Combustion - Waste Combustion - Combustion and Biofuels in Reciprocating Engines - Chemical Looping and Catalysis - Fundamental and Emerging Topics in Combustion Technology

Proceedings of the International Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies (ICIS 2016) - Interdisciplinarity and Creativity in the Knowledge Society

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ISBN: 9789535149071 9789535127680 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/62676 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
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Interdisciplinarity is a sine qua non condition for any modern endeavour, a reason for the International Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies (ICIS 2016) to promote new and emerging research topics and interdisciplinary collaborations. During the event experiences about how interdisciplinary research is carried out were summarized and the demand for interdisciplinary research and innovation was investigated. The 2016 edition aimed also to get an in-depth view of the solutions to provide the skills required for real advancement of our society, to emphasize the social need for creative thinking and innovation and to investigate the role creative thinking plays in producing new, integrative knowledge. The present volume summarizes the most relevant papers accepted for presentation during ICIS 2016, held at Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania, between 10 and 11 June 2016.

Non-thermal Plasma Technology for the Improvement of Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine - A Review (Book chapter)

Book title: Plasma Science and Technology - Progress in Physical States and Chemical Reactions

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789535122807 Year: DOI: 10.5772/62007 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 279022
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:48:00
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Non-thermal plasma technology is one of those techniques that suffer relatively little from diffusion limits, slow kinetics, and complex geometries compared to more traditional liquid-based chemical surface modification techniques. Combined with a lack of solvents, preservation of the bulk properties, and fast treatment times; it is a well-liked technique for the treatment of materials for biomedical applications. In this book chapter, a review will be given on what the scientific community determined to be essential to obtain appropriate scaffolds for tissue engineering and how plasma scientists have used non-thermal plasma technology to accomplish this. A distinction will be made depending on the scaffold fabrication technique, as each technique has its own set of specific problems that need to be tackled. Fabrication techniques will include traditional fabrication methods, rapid prototyping, and electrospinning. As for the different plasma techniques, both plasma activation and grafting/polymerization will be included in the review and linked to the in-vitro/in-vivo response to these treatments. The literature review itself is preceded by a more general overview on cell communication, giving useful insights on how surface modification strategies should be developed.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants - Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535122500 9789535142096 Year: Pages: 768 DOI: 10.5772/60477 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The impact of global climate change on crop production has emerged as a major research priority during the past decade. Understanding abiotic stress factors such as temperature and drought tolerance and biotic stress tolerance traits such as insect pest and pathogen resistance in combination with high yield in plants is of paramount importance to counter climate change related adverse effects on the productivity of crops. In this multi-authored book, we present synthesis of information for developing strategies to combat plant stress. Our effort here is to present a judicious mixture of basic as well as applied research outlooks so as to interest workers in all areas of plant science. We trust that the information covered in this book would bridge the much-researched area of stress in plants with the much-needed information for evolving climate-ready crop cultivars to ensure food security in the future.

Recent Advances in Biopolymers

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ISBN: 9789535146131 9789535122555 9789535142065 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5772/60630 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry --- Chemical Technology
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This book contains 10 Chapters divided into three Sections. Section A covers synthesis of biopolymers. Lignocellulosic feedstock contains cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which are used for synthesis of biopolymers. Polymer-coated noble metal nanoparticles are used in nanobiomedicine and fundamental biomaterials. Section B describes applications of biopolymers in biomedical, antimicrobial, industrial, nanotechnology, laser-based thin films, and regenerative medicines. Section C is dedicated for advancement and engineering in biopolymers for personal protective garments, equipments, membrane separation processes, purifications, and new generation of high-performance biomaterials. A new numerical-cum-graphical method called TI2BioP (Topological Indices to BioPolymers) has been developed to estimate topological indices (TIs) from two-dimensional (2D) graphical approaches for the natural biopolymers DNA, RNA, and proteins.

Electrodeposition of Composite Materials

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535146339 9789535122708 9789535142058 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.5772/60892 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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Nanocomposite coatings have various properties that can be utilized for corrosion protection and tribological improvements. Synthesis of the nanocomposite coatings using an electrodeposition method allows unique control of the experimental parameters. By fine tuning the experimental parameters, various compositions and properties can be obtained for the nanocomposite coatings. This book covers some of the electrochemical methods used for nanocomposite coating deposition as well as discusses in detail examples of several nanocomposite coating. The corrosion and tribological performance of the nanocomposite coatings are also covered and some nanocomposite coatings are discussed for specific technological areas, such as fuel cells and microelectronics.

Advances in Functionally Graded Materials and Structures

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ISBN: 9789535146216 9789535122746 9789535142041 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/60744 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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Functionally graded materials (FGMs) were initially designed as thermal barrier materials for aerospace structures and fusion reactors and now they are also considered as potential structural materials for future high-speed spacecraft and recently are being increasingly considered in various applications to maximize strengths and integrities of many engineering structures. This book is a result of contributions of experts from international scientific community working in different aspects of FGMs and structures and reports on the state of the art research and development findings on this topic through original and innovative research studies. Through its six chapters the reader will have access to works related to processing, sintering properties and applications of functionally graded ceramics and new processing routes for FGMs while it introduces some specific applications, such as functionally graded annular fins and the high-performance self-lubricating ceramic composites with laminated graded structure. Besides, it presents an experimental crack propagation analysis of aluminum matrix FGMs and a unified accurate solution for three-dimensional vibration analysis of functionally graded plates and cylindrical shells with general boundary conditions.

Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases

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ISBN: 9789535146070 9789535122777 9789535142034 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.5772/60612 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
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Food-borne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. It is estimated that about 2.2 million people die yearly due to food and water contamination. Food safety and consequently food security are therefore of immense importance to public health, international trade and world economy. This book, which has 10 chapters, provides information on the incidence, health implications and effective prevention and control strategies of food-related diseases. The book will be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, educators and researchers in the fields of life sciences, medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Policy makers and food regulatory officers will also find it useful in the course of their duties.

Concise Reliability for Engineers

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ISBN: 9789535148371 9789535122784 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.5772/62009 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
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Our life is strongly influenced by the reliability of the things we use, as well as of processes and services. Failures cause losses in the industry and society. Methods for reliability assessment and optimization are thus very important. This book explains the fundamental concepts and tools. It is divided into two parts. Chapters 1 to 10 explain the basic terms and methods for the determination of reliability characteristics, which create the base for any reliability evaluation. In the second part (Chapters 11 to 23) advanced methods are explained, such as Failure Modes and Effects Analysis and Fault Tree Analysis, Load-Resistance interference method, the Monte Carlo simulation technique, cost-based reliability optimization, reliability testing, and methods based on Bayesian approach or fuzzy logic for processing of vague information. The book is written in a readable way and practical examples help to understand the topics. It is complemented with references and a list of standards, software and sources of information on reliability.

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