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Chatbots

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Book Series: Sprache – Medien – Innovationen ISBN: 9783631699171 9783631699188 9783631670859 Year: Pages: 443 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:54
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Die korpuslinguistische sowie konversationsanalytische Studie thematisiert die Mensch–Maschine-Interaktion mit Chatbots. Diese Dialogsysteme sind auch heute noch störungsanfällig und eine Kommunikation ist nur unter äußerst limitierten Bedingungen möglich. Welche Implikationen dies für das Interaktionsverhalten der UserInnen hat, untersucht die Autorin vor dem Hintergrund der Diskussion um künstliche Intelligenz. Chatbots sind im Web bereits weit verbreitet und ihr Dialog-Design dient als Vorbild für moderne Assistenzsysteme. Da in Zukunft künstliche Intelligenzen eine immer größere Rolle spielen werden, legt diese Auseinandersetzung im Hinblick auf interaktives Alignment und Computer-Talk einen Grundstein zur linguistischen Erforschung von Dialogsystemen.

Von Historikern, Politikern, Turnern und anderen. Schlaglichter auf die Geschichte des oestlichen Europa

Authors: ---
Book Series: DigiOst ISBN: 9783866885103 Year: Pages: 408 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:10
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Detlef Brandes gehört zu den profiliertesten deutschen Osteuropa-Historikern seiner Generation. Zu seinem 75. Geburtstag haben Kollegen und Schüler für eine Festschrift Beiträge mit Bezug zu den von ihm behandelten Themen und Regionen verfasst. Ihre Texte beschäftigen sich mit den Beziehungen Deutschlands und der Deutschen zum östlichen Europa sowie mit der tschechischen, russischen, ukrainischen und polnischen Geschichte. Sie sind in Sektionen zu Themenfeldern wie "Historiker und das östliche Europa", "Kriegsfolgen und ihre Deutung", "Alltag, Lebenswelten, Verhaltensweisen" u.a. zusammengefasst. Mit Beiträgen von Christoph Cornelißen, Victor Dönninghaus, Severin Gawlitta, Peter Heumos, Ota Konrád, Stefan Lehr, Nina Lohmann, Dmytro Myeshkov, Volker Mohn, Dietmar Neutatz, Christoph Nonn, Thomas Oellermann, Jiří Pešek, Andrej Savin, Gerd Stricker, Andreas Wiedemann, Falk Wiesemann und Volker Zimmermann.

De toekomst van de sociale (on)zekerheid (Book chapter)

Book title: Sociale (on)zekerheid. De voorziene toekomst

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ISBN: 9789462984608 Year: Pages: 28 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:16
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Lang ging het debat over de toekomst van de sociale zekerheid vooral over de vraag wat er aan technische aanpassingen aan het stelsel aangebracht&#xD;moeten worden. Inmiddels dienen zich twee fundamentelere vragen&#xD;aan. Allereerst lijkt het stelsel niet meer per definitie sociale zekerheid&#xD;te bieden omdat het idee over wat zekerheid is, zelf aan verandering&#xD;onderhevig is: inkomenscompensatie is niet per definitie de hoogste vorm&#xD;van zekerheid. Ten tweede ontwikkelt de moderne economie zich op&#xD;een manier die steeds minder past bij het stelsel van sociale zekerheid:&#xD;contracten zijn steeds minder permanent, de termen werkgever en werknemer&#xD;zijn steeds minder passend en werken en leren zijn steeds minder&#xD;te scheiden. Verkend wordt langs welke wijze het stelsel zich zou moeten&#xD;ontwikkelen om een adequaat antwoord te zijn op deze ontwikkelingen.

Le Nigeria et la Suisse, des affaires d’indépendance

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ISBN: 9783034320382 Year: Pages: 421 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163513
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-13 11:01:12
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During Nigeria’s decolonization, Swiss traders and diplomats, aware of the exceptional potential for growth, attentively observed this new market for possible business opportunities. This book focuses on multinational companies, diplomats, development cooperation actors and public opinion: it analyses underlying motivations and means, as well as the implications of their activities.

Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries

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ISBN: 9783034320313 Year: Pages: 296 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163510
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:17
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It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.

Keywords

acoustics --- phonetics --- phonology --- vowel --- language

Die Protokollbücher des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies - Teil 4: Der Übergang an das Haus Habsburg (1477 bis 1480)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Kieler Werkstücke Reihe D: Beiträge zur europäischen Geschichte des späten Mittelalters ISSN: 09364161 ISBN: 9783631666784 Year: Pages: 350 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:14
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The record books of the Order of Golden Fleece are the main source for the history of this important order of knighthood, which has been existing from the 15th century up to the present time. The here presented 4th record book covers the activities of the Order between 1477 and 1480 with the magnificent assembly in Bruges in spring 1478 as its climax: The Habsburgs Maximilian I as new Duke of Burgundy was installed as the new sovereign of the Order, symbolizing the beginning of a new era in the crisis-shaken Duchy of Burgundy. The volume contains the edition of the complete text (in 15th century French) with detailed commentary (in German) and a calendar of short abstracts of the letters issued by the Order or addressed to it. The edition of the record book with their exact details concerning the location of the meetings, participants, agenda, resolutions, elections and ceremonies present a hitherto unstudied source of the history of Order. The book also offers an interesting view of the critical period within the history of the Duchy Burgundy, in that because it also deals with questions of identity, social control as well as of loyalty and felony.

Schulentwicklung

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ISBN: 9783034324434 Year: Pages: 342 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170379
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-26 11:01:10
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This cross section study shows that school-intern further teacher training does not contribute to the achievement of objectives in the area of school development in Swiss vocational schools as it is intended by educational politics. Furthermore, it reveals that the questioned teachers do not think that school-intern further teacher training and school development influence their occupational situation in terms of lessons, occupational abilities and workday at all. Also most of them do not want any support service to implement such contents in their lessons. In consideration of these facts the lastingness and efficiency of both concepts are higly doubtful. The reasons for this outcome are diverse as this study shows. At first most examined vocational schools do not have a systematical concept of school-intern further teacher training and do not arrange their school development activities according to their superior programme. Therefore a connection between the field of school-intern further teacher training and school developement is not seen by the teachers and most of the experts. Above that both fields are in the area of responsibility of the school administration and do not involve the teaching staff. The objectives and superior programme of school development as well as measures of completed school development projects are not passed on to the teaching staff. In sum one can say that the desired development projects do not reach the teaching staff. Which is why they do not achieve the necessary reliability in order to develop the lessons of the teachers in a continuous improvement process any further.

Mündliches und schriftliches Handeln im Deutschunterricht

Authors: ---
Book Series: Positionen der Deutschdidaktik ISBN: 9783631661574 9783653057317 9783631692813 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: OGeSoMo
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:31
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Der Band thematisiert die Ausbildung mündlicher und schriftlicher Themenentfaltungsmuster von Schülern im Deutschunterricht. Erzählungen, Beschreibungen, Instruktionen, Argumentationen und Berichte sind im kommunikativen Alltag einer Gesellschaft die Grundformen der thematischen Entfaltung komplexer sprachlicher Äußerungen. Sie werden sowohl schriftlich als auch mündlich realisiert. Im schulischen Deutschunterricht sind solche Themenentfaltungsmuster tradierte didaktische Gattungen des Aufsatzunterrichts und auch im Kompetenzbereich „Sprechen und Zuhören" soll die mündliche Realisierung dieser Muster vermittelt werden. Aber gelten für mündliches Berichten, Argumentieren, Instruieren usw. dieselben Anforderungen wie beim Schreiben? Oder muss man abhängig von der sprachmedialen Realisierung von verschiedenen Mustern mit gleichen Labels ausgehen? Die Beiträge dieses Bandes erkunden das Feld aus textlinguistischer und sprachdidaktischer Sicht neu.

Women in the Balkans/ Southeastern Europe

Authors: ---
Book Series: Suedosteuropa-Studien ISBN: 9783866886155 Year: Pages: 148 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:10
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This book is a collection of contributions to a symposium which was organized by the Southeast Europe Association (Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft) on the topic "Women in the Balkans/Southeastern Europe" and held on 3rd and 4th November 2014 in Munich. It reflects on the present situation of women in the Balkans/Southeast Europe which has experienced fundamental changes since the end of the communist/socialist regime and the transition towards a market oriented economy as well as the wars in former Yugoslavia. These fundamental changes and war time experiences have not only implicated disorders in political and social status, but also a backlash in terms of return to patriarchal values as well as to traditional gender relations and hierarchies. A perception of gender roles following traditional patterns and a concept of femininity reducing women to their bodies, open sexism in media, the so called "sex industry" and "women markets" plus the ban of abortion, increased domestic violence and trafficking in women have been combined with neoliberal values, right ideology, neo-patriarchy and the ruling concept of masculinity. On the other hand, women have also used their chance to create their own business, not to forget female subcultures. Women`s participation in decision-making, especially in political parties, and their representation in the public scenery is an important indicator for the degree of their emancipation. Bringing together women engaged on women`s issues in different areas - from the academia, the Non-Governmental Organisations and civil society, and policy makers - is bound to result in a variety of perspectives and views.

Migration und Krieg im lokalen Gedaechtnis. Beitraege zur staedtischen Erinnerungskultur Zentraleuropas

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Book Series: DigiOst ISBN: 9783866885080 Year: Pages: 187 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:10
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Städte zeichnen sich dadurch aus, dass sie Zentren von Wanderungsbewegungen sind und durch den Weg- und Zuzug verschiedenster Bevölkerungsgruppen geprägt werden. Migrationserinnerungen im Lokalen nachspüren: Das ist die Thematik der Beiträge des interdisziplinär angelegten Sammelbandes, der Veränderungen und Kontinuitäten örtlicher Erinnerungs- und Geschichtskulturen nach 1989 an den Fallbeispielen Bratislava, Prag, Hoyerswerda, Košice und Łodz fokussiert. Die Aufmerksamkeit gilt insbesondere Erinnerungsinteressen und -praktiken städtischer Akteure.

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