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Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique

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Book Series: Textbooks 2: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561157 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 11:59:57
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This textbook analyzes a number of texts in “conformal translation,” that is, a translation in which the same Babylonian term is always translated in the same way and, more importantly, in which different terms are always translated differently. Appendixes are provided for readers who are familiar with basic Assyriology but otherwise philological details are avoided. All of these texts are from the second half of the Old Babylonian period, that is, 1800–1600 BCE. It is indeed during this period that the “algebraic” discipline, and Babylonian mathematics in general, culminates. Even though a few texts from the late period show some similarities with what comes from the Old Babylonian period, they are but remnants. Beyond analyzing texts, the book gives a general characterization of the kind of mathematics involved, and locates it within the context of the Old Babylonian scribe school and its particular culture. Finally, it describes the origin of the discipline and its impact in later mathematics, not least Euclid’s geometry and genuine algebra as created in medieval Islam and taken over in European medieval and Renaissance mathematics.

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MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Praxishandbuch Open Access

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Book Series: De Gruyter Praxishandbuch ISBN: 9783110494068 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.1515/9783110494068 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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This book introduces open access publishing from the perspective of the author and the institution. It describes workflows and important tools while also offering a classification of various business models. While the book focuses on the publication of manuscripts, it also surveys data publishing.

Fare Open Access

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Book Series: Copyleft Italia ISBN: 9788867056019 Year: Pages: 194 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-31 11:13:41
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“Fare Open Access” affronta con approccio positivo e operativo il tema strategico della diffusione del sapere scientifico in ottica open.L’Open Access è diventato uno degli obiettivi chiave delle politiche dell’innovazione dell’Unione Europea e dei princi­pali paesi industrializzati; ed è fondamentale conoscerne i lineamenti teorici e le concrete potenzialità.Gli autori sono tutti professionisti attivi da molti anni in questo campo e hanno quindi il polso delle questioni emergenti e delle maggiori criticità non solo da un punto vista teorico-dottrinale. Ognuno di loro affronta da diverse prospettive il tema più generale della comunicazione scientifica e quello pratico di come fare Open Access nell’attuale panorama ormai fortemente volto al digitale.Il testo è completato da un’utile appendice con i documenti di riferimento, come i principali testi-manifesto e le norme attualmente in vigore a livello nazionale e internazionale.

Open Data and the Knowledge Society

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789462980181 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462980181 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:35
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This book considers the role of the open data movement in fostering transformation toward a 'knowledge society'.

Livre blanc — Une Science ouverte dans une République numérique — Guide stratégique

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ISBN: 9782821878426 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-28 11:25:38
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce guide stratégique a été construit pour jalonner et faciliter l’application de la loi « Pour une République numérique » : il est ainsi en phase avec les visées des initiateurs du Livre blanc « Une science ouverte dans une République numérique » qui ont tous souhaité associer clairement une vision nouvelle pour la recherche et une pratique qui la traduise dans les faits. Rapport complémentaire du Livre blanc, ce guide ambitionne un accompagnement des acteurs dans des démarches souvent compl...

White Paper — Open Science in a Digital Republic — Strategic Guide

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ISBN: 9782821878433 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-28 11:25:38
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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These Study Review and Proposals have been designed to structure and facilitate the implementation of the Act: they therefore concur with the positions adopted by the sponsors of the White Paper Open Science in a Digital Republic, who all clearly wish to associate this new vision for research with practices that will enable it to become a reality. As a supplementary report to the White Paper, these Guidelines aim to assist players in what are often complex procedures: researchers, technician...

The Future of Scholarly Publishing: Open Access and the Economics of Digitisation

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ISBN: 9781928331537 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1003186 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-08 13:02:32
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The formal scientific communication system is currently undergoing significant change. This is due to four developments: the digitisation of formal science communication; the economisation of academic publishing as profit drives many academic publishers and other providers of information; an increase in the self-observation of science by means of publication, citation and utility-based indicators; and the medialisation of science as its observation by the mass media intensifies. Previously, these developments have only been dealt with individually in the literature and by science-policy actors.The Future of Scholarly Publishing documents the materials and results of an interdisciplinary working group commissioned by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities (BBAW) to analyse the future of scholarly publishing and to make recommendations on how to respond to the challenges posed by these developments. As per the working group’s intention, the focus was mainly on the sciences and humanities in Germany. However, in the course of the work it became clear that the issues discussed by the group are equally relevant for academic publishing in other countries. As such, this book will contribute to the transfer of ideas and perspectives, and allow for mutual learning about the current and future state of scientific publishing in different settings.

Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2017, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 22-23, 2017, Proceedings

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Book Series: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ISSN: 1868-4238 / 1868-422X ISBN: 9783319577340 9783319577357 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57735-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:15:02
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2017, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in May 2017.The 16 revised full papers and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics related to free, libre, and open source software (FLOSS), including: licensing, strategies, and practices; case studies; projects, communication, and participation; tools; and project management, development and evaluation.

Open

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911529002 9781911529019 9781911529026 9781911529033 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.5334/bbc Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General) --- Education --- Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:35
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"Affordable education. Transparent science. Accessible scholarship. These ideals are slowly becoming a reality thanks to the open education, open science, and open access movements. Running separate—if parallel—courses, they all share a philosophy of equity, progress, and justice. This book shares the stories, motives, insights, and practical tips from global leaders in the open movement."

Sleep Spindles: Breaking the Methodological Wall

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451166 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-116-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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In the last decade, sleep spindles have attracted steadily increasing attention. This interest is motivated by the many intriguing relationships between spindles and various diseases (e.g., schizophrenia, Parkinson, Alzheimer, autism, mental retardation), recovery processes (e.g., post brain stroke), and cognitive faculties (e.g., memory consolidation, intelligence, dream recall, sleep preservation). Nonetheless, a methodological wall has impeded the study of sleep spindles. Their investigation rests heavily on our ability to reliably and consistently identify spindle patterns from background EEG activity, a task involving many obstacles, including: a fuzzy definition of spindles, low inter-expert agreement on their scoring, lack of consensus on standard techniques for their automated detection, low reproducibility of observed characteristics and correlates, unavailability of large, standardized, high-quality databases, and inconsistencies in the methods used to evaluate the performance of automated detectors. The primary aims of this research topic were to bring together world-class researchers on a project designed to facilitate exchanges on methodological difficulties encountered in assessing sleep spindles and to promote standardized spindle-related resources. In preparing their contributions, authors were encouraged to use existing – or to propose new – publicly available resources for assessing sleep spindles. To allow fair and accurate comparison of reported results, the authors were also encouraged to validate their tools on a common benchmark. A database containing expert spindle scoring (i.e., the Montreal Archive of Sleep Studies) was made publicly available for that purpose.

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