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Europäische Interaktionsfelder - Erkundungen zu deutsch-russischen Beziehungen

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ISBN: 9783863953485 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1076 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-21 11:01:55
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Das Verhältnis von Deutschen und Russen wird oft im Kontext von Kriegen und politischen Spannungen thematisiert. Aber eine derartige Sicht trennt auch das, was verbindet. Tatsächlich hat es im Laufe der Jahrhunderte nicht nur wechselseitige starke Migrationsbewegungen gegeben (Deutschland war zunächst eines der bevorzugten Fluchtländer der russischen Flüchtlinge nach der Russischen Revolution, Russland zog zur Zeit der Zarin Katharina deutsche Aussiedler an), sondern immer haben beide Kulturen auch stark aufeinander gewirkt. Am Schicksal der Russlanddeutschen zeigt sich in besonderer Prägnanz Fluch und Segen einer Existenz zwischen den Kulturen. Hier kann der Blick einzelnen Russlanddeutschen (wie dem letzten lutherischen Pastor von Tomsk) oder grundsätzlichen Überlegungen zur Geschichte und zum Selbstverständnis der Russlanddeutschen gelten. Umgekehrt werden Migrantenschicksale deutlich, die gerade deren Situation zwischen den Kulturen zum Teil tragisch verdeutlichen (Henry von Heiseler, Alexander Schmorell), die Wirkung russischer Kultur auf die deutsche erörtert etwa der Aufsatz zur Dostojewskij-Rezeption der dialektischen Theologen, während die studentische Arbeit zu Dostojewskijs Gotteslästerungsthematik im Großinquisitor ein Stück heutiger Rezeption bietet. Die Schlagwörter Märtyrer und Migranten belegen die gegenwärtig die Gesellschaften in Deutschland und Russland unterschiedlich bewegenden Tendenzen öffentlicher bzw. kultureller Diskurse, deren direkte Vergleichbarkeit nicht von vornherein gegeben ist.

Keywords

Europe --- Russia

Chapter 20 OPEC and Russia (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367195656 Year: Pages: 11 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:44:03
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Russia has long been a potential dream partner for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Russia could greatly enhance the cartel’s market power and has several allies among the OPEC member states. During the 2010s, it seemed that the potential of the OPEC–Russia relationship was finally being realized as they grew closer. However, in this chapter we argue that the strengthened dialogue has little impact on physical oil output and the level of mutual commitment remains low. What they do share is an interest in the semblance of cooperation to push oil prices upward through impacting market psychology. This strategy is in line with the postmodern turn in Russian foreign policy, as proclaimed by Vladislav Surkov and others. It also has some important foreign policy side benefits for Russia, such as weakening its international isolation after the conflict in Ukraine and making it possible to simultaneously befriend various Middle Eastern countries that are at odds with each other. The OPEC–Russia dalliance is also convenient for a third party – the USA. Although the USA is still a net oil importer and its consumers dislike high oil prices, they benefit American oil companies and their employees and investors, especially in the shale oil sector. Arrangements between OPEC and Russia are thus not only a happy pro forma marriage, but also a successful ménage à trois.

Keywords

OPEC --- Russia --- co-operation

Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art: New Perspectives

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ISBN: 9781783743384 9781783743407 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 320 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0115 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 17:07:27
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In 1911 Vasily Kandinsky published the first edition of ‘On the Spiritual in Art’, a landmark modernist treatise in which he sought to reframe the meaning of art and the true role of the artist. For many artists of late Imperial Russia – a culture deeply influenced by the regime’s adoption of Byzantine Orthodoxy centuries before – questions of religion and spirituality were of paramount importance. As artists and the wider art community experimented with new ideas and interpretations at the dawn of the twentieth century, their relationship with ‘the spiritual’ – broadly defined – was inextricably linked to their roles as pioneers of modernism.This diverse collection of essays introduces new and stimulating approaches to the ongoing debate as to how Russian artistic modernism engaged with questions of spirituality in the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries. Ten chapters from emerging and established voices offer new perspectives on Kandinsky and other familiar names, such as Kazimir Malevich, Mikhail Larionov, and Natalia Goncharova, and introduce less well-known figures, such as the Georgian artists Ucha Japaridze and Lado Gudiashvili, and the craftswoman and art promoter Aleksandra Pogosskaia.Prefaced by a lively and informative introduction by Louise Hardiman and Nicola Kozicharow that sets these perspectives in their historical and critical context, Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art: New Perspectives enriches our understanding of the modernist period and breaks new ground in its re-examination of the role of religion and spirituality in the visual arts in late Imperial Russia. Of interest to historians and enthusiasts of Russian art, culture, and religion, and those of international modernism and the avant-garde, it offers innovative readings of a history only partially explored, revealing uncharted corners and challenging long-held assumptions.

Sex, Love, and Migration

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ISBN: 9781501713149 9781501709418 9781501712050 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101564
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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A common image of migration in the early twenty-first century features young women from poor countries who are drawn into low paid, and often intimate, labor in wealthy countries. While aligning with scholarship critical of such inequalities, From Istanbul with Love traces how new mobilities are fundamentally reshaping emotional worlds and social ties between women and men, women and work, women and their households of origin, and women and children in the region. Based on ethnographic fieldwork spanning over a decade carried out primarily in Istanbul, but also in Russia and southern Moldova, Alexia Bloch moves between the lives of post-Soviet migrant women employed in three distinct spheres—sex work, the garment trade, and domestic work—to consider how they negotiate emotion, intimate relationships, and unpredictable state power shaping their labor and their relationships.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Anthropology --- Labor --- Turkey --- Russia --- Moldova --- Women --- Migration

Beyond NATO

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Book Series: The Marshall Papers ISBN: 9780815732570 9780815732587 9780815732587 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102765
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:05
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In this new Brookings Marshall Paper, Michael O’Hanlon argues that now is the time for Western nations to negotiate a new security architecture for neutral countries in eastern Europe to stabilize the region and reduce the risks of war with Russia. He believes NATO expansion has gone far enough. The core concept of this new security architecture would be one of permanent neutrality. The countries in question collectively make a broken-up arc, from Europe’s far north to its south: Finland and Sweden; Ukraine, Moldova, and Belarus; Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan; and finally Cyprus plus Serbia, as well as possibly several other Balkan states. Discussion on the new framework should begin within NATO, followed by deliberation with the neutral countries themselves, and then formal negotiations with Russia.

Twentieth-Century Russian Poetry

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781783740895 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0076 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
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"The canon of Russian poetry has been reshaped since the fall of the Soviet Union. A multi-authored study of changing cultural memory and identity, this revisionary work charts Russia’s shifting relationship to its own literature in the face of social upheaval. Literary canon and national identity are inextricably tied together, the composition of a canon being the attempt to single out those literary works that best express a nation’s culture. This process is, of course, fluid and subject to significant shifts, particularly at times of epochal change. This volume explores changes in the canon of twentieth-century Russian poetry from the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union to the end of Putin’s second term as Russian President in 2008. In the wake of major institutional changes, such as the abolition of state censorship and the introduction of a market economy, the way was open for wholesale reinterpretation of twentieth-century poets such as Iosif Brodskii, Anna Akhmatova and Osip Mandel′shtam, their works and their lives. In the last twenty years many critics have discussed the possibility of various coexisting canons rooted in official and non-official literature and suggested replacing the term ""Soviet literature"" with a new definition – ""Russian literature of the Soviet period"". Contributions to this volume explore the multiple factors involved in reshaping the canon, understood as a body of literary texts given exemplary or representative status as ""classics"". Among factors which may influence the composition of the canon are educational institutions, competing views of scholars and critics, including figures outside Russia, and the self-canonising activity of poets themselves. Canon revision further reflects contemporary concerns with the destabilising effects of emigration and the internet, and the desire to reconnect with pre-revolutionary cultural traditions through a narrative of the past which foregrounds continuity. Despite persistent nostalgic yearnings in some quarters for a single canon, the current situation is defiantly diverse, balancing both the Soviet literary tradition and the parallel contemporaneous literary worlds of the emigration and the underground. Required reading for students, teachers and lovers of Russian literature, Twentieth-Century Russian Poetry brings our understanding of post-Soviet Russia up to date."

Russia and China

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ISBN: 9783847420453 9783847410720 Year: DOI: 10.3224/84742045 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104049
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:03
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This book depicts the sophisticated relationship between Russia and China as a pragmatic one, a political marriage of convenience. Yet at the same time the relationship is stable, and will remain so. After all, bilateral relations are usually based on pragmatic interests and the pursuit of these interests is the very essence of foreign policy. And, as often happens in life, the most long-lasting marriages are those based on convenience. The highly complex, complicated, ambiguous and yet, indeed, successful relationship between Russia and China throughout the past 25 years is difficult to grasp theoretically. Russian and Chinese elites are hard-core realists in their foreign policies, and the neorealist school in international relations seems to be the most adequate one to research Sino-Russian relations.

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