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Against Meritocracy

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ISBN: 9781138889552 9781315712802 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102668
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-12 10:19:51
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In this book Jo Littler argues that meritocracy is the key cultural means of legitimation for contemporary neoliberal culture – and that whilst it promises opportunity, it in fact creates new forms of social division. Against Meritocracy is split into two parts. Part I explores the genealogies of meritocracy within social theory, political discourse and working cultures. It traces the dramatic U-turn in meritocracy’s meaning, from socialist slur to a contemporary ideal of how a society should be organised. Part II uses a series of case studies to analyse the cultural pull of popular ‘parables of progress’, from reality TV to the super-rich and celebrity CEOs, from social media controversies to the rise of the ‘mumpreneur’. Paying special attention to the role of gender, ‘race’ and class, this book provides new conceptualisations of the meaning of meritocracy in contemporary culture and society.

Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?: Looking Over the Long Run

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ISBN: 9783319446202 9783319446219 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44621-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:17:48
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This book brings together a range of ideas and theories to arrive at a deeper understanding of inequality in Latin America and its complex realities. To so, it addresses questions such as: What are the origins of inequality in Latin America? How can we create societies that are more equal in terms of income distribution, gender equality and opportunities? How can we remedy the social divide that is making Latin America one of the most unequal regions on earth? What are the roles played by market forces, institutions and ideology in terms of inequality?In this book, a group of global experts gathered by the Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL), part of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), show readers how various types of inequality, such as economical, educational, racial and gender inequality have been practiced in countries like Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and many others through the centuries.Presenting new ideas, new evidence, and new methods, the book subsequently analyzes how to move forward with second-generation reforms that lay the foundations for more egalitarian societies. As such, it offers a valuable and insightful guide for development economists, historians and Latin American specialists alike, as well as students, educators, policymakers and all citizens with an interest in development, inequality and the Latin American region.

World of Difference

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ISBN: 9789048534548 9789462984028 Year: Pages: 120 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-16 11:21:02

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Public debates tend to see social inequality as resulting from individual decisions people make, for instance with respect to their education or lifestyle. Solutions are often sought in supporting individuals to make better choices. This neglects the importance of social groups and communities in determining individual outcomes. A moral perspective on social inequality questions the fairness of insisting on individual responsibilities, when members of some groups systematically receive fewer opportunities than others. The essays in this book have been prepared by experts from different disciplines, ranging from philosophy to engineering, and from economics to epidemiology. On the basis of recent scientific insights, World of Difference examines how group memberships impact on individual outcomes in four key domains: health, education and work, migration, and the environment. This offers a new moral perspective on social inequality, which policy makers tend to neglect.

Wereld van verschil

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ISBN: 9789048535187 9789462984516 Year: Pages: 120 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-16 11:21:02
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Public debates tend to see social inequality as resulting from individual decisions people make, for instance with respect to their education or lifestyle. Solutions are often sought in supporting individuals to make better choices. This neglects the importance of social groups and communities in determining individual outcomes. A moral perspective on social inequality questions the fairness of insisting on individual responsibilities, when members of some groups systematically receive fewer opportunities than others. The essays in this book have been prepared by experts from different disciplines, ranging from philosophy to engineering, and from economics to epidemiology. On the basis of recent scientific insights, World of Difference examines how group memberships impact on individual outcomes in four key domains: health, education and work, migration, and the environment. This offers a new moral perspective on social inequality, which policy makers tend to neglect.

Education for Children with Disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Book Series: Inclusive Learning and Educational Equity ISBN: 9783319607689 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60768-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ethnology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents insights into the lived realities of children with disabilities in primary schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It examines specific cultural and societal characteristics of Ethiopia that influence the education of children with disabilities. The book presents findings drawn from interviews with, and participant observation of the schoolchildren, family members, teachers and other “experts”, and places these findings in a cultural-historical context. The multidimensional approach taken allows for, on the one hand, the provision of a historical grounding of the book, explaining the main historical junctures and their implications for education, and the discussion of the role of culture and society as barriers and facilitators of education. On the other hand, it gives the book a more personal angle, allowing the reader to gain insight into what it means to feel like a family, develop a sense of belonging, and tr ying to move toward educational equity.

Behinderung als Praxis

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Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783839439715 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.14361/9783839439715_978-3-8394-3971-5_Behinderung als Praxis_Biographische Zugänge zu Lebensentwü Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:04
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How do »mental handicaps« become a social reality? An analysis on the basis of documented biographies.

Der Gebrauch der Jugendgewaltprävention

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Book Series: Gesellschaft der Unterschiede ISBN: 9783839438985 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.14361/9783839438985_978-3-8394-3898-5_Der Gebrauch der Jugendgewaltprävention_Subjektivierungsfor Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:05
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In what ways do specialists follow crime policy programs within the context of the prevention of juvenile violence and what consequences does that have for social work and juveniles?

Menschenwürde als heilige Ordnung

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Book Series: Kulturen der Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783837639414 9783839439418 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839439418 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103356
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die Würde des Menschen ist unantastbar - dieses unbedingte Recht ist völker-, europa- und verfassungsrechtlich verbürgt. Dass die Würde des Menschen jedoch auch im säkularisierten sozialen Rechtsstaat letztendlich eine heilige Ordnung ist, kollektiv religiös geglaubt werden muss und sich nicht in einem rationalen Diskurs hinreichend wahrheitsfähig erweist, zeigt Frank Schulz-Nieswandt im Rekurs auf Böckenförde, Habermas, Joas und Agamben. Im Anschluss daran entfaltet er die Idee einer gottlosen Ontotheologie eines existenzialen personalistischen Humanismus, den er mit Verweis auf Paul Tillich und Romano Guardini zugleich gegen jeden Übergriff einer autoritären Theo-Dogmatik supranaturalistischer Art verteidigt.

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