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Chapter: Soccer Fitness (Book chapter)

Book title: Science and Football VIII

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ISBN: 9781138947061 9781315670300 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:02:13
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The present chapter will provide an overview of the existing literature and a description of the relationship between the training elements of Soccer Fitness, the training-induced effects of Soccer Fitness on cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal fitness, and the potential of Soccer Fitness for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle diseases

Antimicrobial Resistance and Virulence Common Mechanisms

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451814 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-181-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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Multiple relationships exist between antimicrobial resistance and bacterial virulence, and the spread of clones combining multiple antibiotic resistance and a high virulence level is an increasing problem. It was previously described how mutation-driven or horizontally acquired resistance mechanisms can also have effects on virulence. It was also reported that mobile genetic elements often carry both resistance determinants and virulence-modulating genes, which favors the co-selection of both traits. In the present volume, we present a collection of articles which document additional aspects of the interactions between antimicrobial resistance and virulence in bacteria, and describe their potential therapeutic consequences.

Fitness Costs and Benefits of Female Song

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452583 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-258-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Bird song, traditionally regarded as primarily a male trait, is in fact widespread among female songbirds and was probably present in the ancestor of modern songbirds (Odom et al 2014 Nature Communications). These recent findings challenge the view that sexual dimorphism in the expression and complexity of song is largely the outcome of sexual selection on males. It is now clear that understanding the evolution of bird song requires explaining variation within and among species in the expression and complexity of female song. To do this, we need a better understanding of the nature of variation in female song in different contexts and systems, as well as the fitness costs and benefits of variation in the expression and complexity of female song. This Research Topic draws together current research on female song with the goal of understanding the fitness costs and benefits of the diversity of female singing behaviour apparent among songbirds. It includes articles ranging from single-species studies investigating how female song varies with context and contrasts with male song, to comparative analyses exploring relationships between female song and ecological, social, and other factors, as well as opinion pieces.

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