Search results: Found 10

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Investigating Human Nature and Communication through Robots

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450862 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-086-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Computer Science --- General and Civil Engineering --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The development of information technology enabled us to exchange more items of information among us no matter how far we are apart from each other. It also changed our way of communication. Various types of robots recently promoted to be sold to general public hint that these robots may further influence our daily life as they physically interact with us and handle objects in environment. We may even recognize a feel of presence similar to that of human beings when we talk to a robot or when a robot takes part in our conversation. The impact will be strong enough for us to think about the meaning of communication. This e-book consists of various studies that examine our communication influenced by robots. Topics include our attitudes toward robot behaviors, designing robots for better communicating with people, and how people can be affected by communicating through robots.

High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Advances in Global Change Research ISSN: 1574-0919 / 2215-1621 ISBN: 9783319559810 9783319559827 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55982-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 13:16:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas. The chapters give emphasis to approaches from environmental geography, functional ecology, biogeography, and paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The introductory and closing chapters summarize the main challenges that nature conservation may face in mountain areas under the environmental shifting conditions.This interdisciplinary book will appeal to researchers in mountain ecosystems, students and nature professionals.

Nature and Environment: The Psychology of Its Benefits and Its Protection

Author:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198504 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-850-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Our Research Topic section entitled: "Nature and the environment: The psychology of its benefits and its protection" will have two main lines. The first line of articles will center upon cutting-edge research showing how interacting with nature, can affect health, well-being, and overall improve cognition and affect. Articles in this line will stress in what ways nature can improve psychological functioning and health and also discuss the theories and evidence as to why nature can improve psychological functioning. For this line, we welcome submission of articles that discuss the psychological, health and well-being benefits from interacting with nature as well as submissions that focus on theoretical considerations and underlying mechanisms that lead to the restorative effects of interacting with nature. Given that nature can have a positive impact on psychological functioning and overall health, it is also important to understand the variables that facilitate people’s recognition of environmental issues that can help foster a more positive attitude towards the preservation of nature. This brings us to the second line of articles which will center upon the psychological mechanisms that make individuals more or less likely to accept the seriousness of environmental challenges such as climate change. Given the new cutting-edge research in this field we may be able to make individuals more proactive in the protection of the environment and more accepting of policy measures required to mitigate climate change. We see this research topic as a way for psychological scientists to contribute substantially to an important area of public debate and policy. For this line we welcome articles that will focus on ways in which people respond to various framings of policy relevant information and how morality may play into the individuals policy views that center on climate change and environmental protection.

Kapitalismus und Naturzerstörung

Author:
ISBN: 9783863883089 9783863887384 Year: Pages: 574 DOI: 10.3224/86388738 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Historical-materialistic critique of common explanations of the social relationship to nature in capitalism brings to light idealistic, culturalistic and politicistic short-cuts. A critical theory of social nature relations based on Marx's major work Das Kapital shows that the laws of capitalist society necessarily lead to systematic destruction of nature. The capitalist mode of production is incompatible with sustainable development.

Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780748678662 9781474431200 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625284 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100155
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book looks at how modern philosophers pass on myths about prehistory.Why do political philosophers talk so much about the Stone Age? The state of nature, the origin of property, the origin of government, and the primordial nature of inequality and war are popular topics in political philosophy, but are they being used as more than just illustrative examples? Does the best available evidence from archaeology and anthropology support or conflict with the stories being passed on by political philosophers?This book presents a philosophical look at the origin of civilization, examining political theories to show how claims about prehistory are used and presents evidence that much of what we think we know about human origins comes not from scientific investigation but from the imagination of philosophers.

Chapter 4 'She sleeps well and eats an egg’: convalescent care in early modern England (Book chapter)

Author:
Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526113498 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095760
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-10 11:01:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Very little is known about early modern approaches to convalescence and the author investigates the measures were taken by physicians and laypeople to restore health after illness. Drawing on medical texts, regimens, letters, and diaries, this chapter shows that the treatment of the convalescent differed both from the care of the sick and the healthy. It shows the vital place of the non-naturals in early modern medicine, and the role played by ‘Nature’, understood as the body’s principal agent and governor in physiological processes. 
The author finds that the 'six non-natural things' were on the one hand used as a way of gauging the extent of recovery, and on the other, were manipulated in a therapeutic role to ensure that both strength and flesh were restored. Thus, any remaining humours which might cause a relapse must be evacuated: good sleep, improved appetite and an ability to exercise were all signs of improvement but each, managed appropriately, also helped to restore strength, whilst negative emotions could endanger recovery and in its place cheerfulness –which was a restorative-must be encouraged."

Social Ecology State of the Art and Future Prospects

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038425465 9783038425472 Year: Pages: VII, 192 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-27 08:57:59
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The book ‘Social Ecology. State of the Art and Future Prospects’ is published by ISOE – Institute for Social-Ecological Research, Frankfurt am Main and the Vienna Institute of Social Ecology (SEC). Both institutes have made defining contributions to the field of social ecology. How the complex relations between society and nature can be theoretically captured, empirically investigated and sustainably shaped is a focal question for both institutes. This book provides an overview of the current state of social-ecological research. It contains 11 contributions from 29 scientists, edited by Johanna Kramm and Martin Zimmermann (ISOE) and Melanie Pichler and Anke Schaffartzik (SEC). Topics range from the conceptional and theoretical foundations of social ecology to empirical case studies and research frontiers. The peer-reviewed essays highlight the role of social ecology as a critical, transdisciplinary science, discussing the current challenges for social-ecological transformations. Key concepts for sustainability research like ecosystem services, societal metabolism, risk, or extractive economies are applied and advanced.

Imagining Earth

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Kulturwissenschaft ISBN: 9783837639568 9783839439562 Year: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14361/9783839439562 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101957
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-27 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

While concepts of Earth have a rich tradition, more recent examples show a distinct quality: Though ideas of wholeness might still be related to mythical, religious, or utopian visions of the past, ''Earth'' itself has become available as a whole. This raises several questions: How are the notions of one Earth or our Planet imagined and distributed? What is the role of cultural imagination and practices of signification in the imagination of ''the Earth''? Which theoretical models can be used or need to be developed to describe processes of imagining Planet Earth? This collection invites a wide range of perspectives from different fields of the Humanities to explore the means of imagining Earth.

The Nile

Authors: ---
Book Series: Mainzer Historische Cultural Studiesen ISBN: 9783837636154 9783839436158 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627663 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100591
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-20 11:01:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Although Herodot's dictum that "Egypt is a gift of the Nile" is proverbial, there has been only scant attention to the way the river impacted on ancient Egyptian society. Egyptologists frequently focus on the textual and iconographic record, whereas archaeologists and earth scientists approach the issue from the perspective of natural sciences. The contributions in this volume bridge this gap by analyzing the river both as a natural and as a cultural phenomenon. Adopting an approach of cultural ecology, it addresses issues like ancient land use, administration and taxation, irrigation, and religious concepts.

On looking into words (and beyond): Structures, Relations, Analyses

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax ISBN: 9783946234920 9783946234975 9783946234814 Year: Pages: 609 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.495467 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-29 11:01:35
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"On Looking into Words is a wide-ranging volume spanning current research into word structure and morphology, with a focus on historical linguistics and linguistic theory. The papers are offered as a tribute to Stephen R. Anderson, the Dorothy R. Diebold Professor of Linguistics at Yale, who is retiring at the end of the 2016-2017 academic year. The contributors are friends, colleagues, and former students of Professor Anderson, all important contributors to linguistics in their own right. As is typical for such volumes, the contributions span a variety of topics relating to the interests of the honorand. In this case, the central contributions that Anderson has made to so many areas of linguistics and cognitive science, drawing on synchronic and diachronic phenomena in diverse linguistic systems, are represented through the papers in the volume. The 26 papers that constitute this volume are unified by their discussion of the interplay between synchrony and diachrony, theory and empirical results, and the role of diachronic evidence in understanding the nature of language. Central concerns of the volume include morphological gaps, learnability, increases and declines in productivity, and the interaction of different components of the grammar. The papers deal with a range of linked synchronic and diachronic topics in phonology, morphology, and syntax (in particular, cliticization), and their implications for linguistic theory."

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by