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Chapter Three Defining Difference (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580465946 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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Ovariotomy provides a useful way of unpacking not just the process of surgical innovation but also the usefulness of innovation as an analytical category in the history of medicine. How might we pin down the meaning of “innovation”—let alone “alternative innovation”—in surgery when these innovations themselves are unstable, changing entities that are difficult to define? Through the example of ovariotomy I show that alternative innovation need not necessarily imply competition between diverse innovations, but that such a framework might also be used to consider how different versions of the “same” operation arise.

Malarial Subjects

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Book Series: Science in History ISBN: 9781107172364 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1017/9781316771617 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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Malaria was considered one of the most widespread disease-causing entities in the nineteenth century. It was associated with a variety of frailties far beyond fevers, ranging from idiocy to impotence. And yet, it was not a self-contained category. The reconsolidation of malaria as a diagnostic category during this period happened within a wider context in which cinchona plants and their most valuable extract, quinine, were reinforced as objects of natural knowledge and social control. In India, the exigencies and apparatuses of British imperial rule occasioned the close interactions between these histories. In the process, British imperial rule became entangled with a network of nonhumans that included, apart from cinchona plants and the drug quinine, a range of objects described as malarial, as well as mosquitoes. Malarial Subjects explores this history of the co-constitution of a cure and disease, of British colonial rule and nonhumans, and of science, medicine and empire. This title is also available as Open Access.

Capital Punishment and the Criminal Corpse in Scotland, 1740–1834

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9783319620176 9783319620183 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62018-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book provides the most in-depth study of capital punishment in Scotland between the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth century to date. Based upon an extensive gathering and analysis of previously untapped resources, it takes the reader on a journey from the courtrooms of Scotland to the theatre of the gallows. It introduces them to several of the malefactors who faced the hangman’s noose and explores the traditional hallmarks of the spectacle of the scaffold. It demonstrates that the period between 1740 and 1834 was one of discussion, debate and fundamental change in the use of the death sentence and how it was staged in practice. In addition, the study provides an innovative investigation of the post-mortem punishment of the criminal corpse. It offers the reader an insight into the scene at the foot of the gibbets from which criminal bodies were displayed, and around the dissection tables of Scotland’s main universities where criminal bodies were used as cadavers for anatomical demonstration. In doing so it reveals an intermediate stage in the long-term disappearance of public bodily punishment.


Il Sito Reale di Capodimonte: Il primo bosco, parco e palazzo dei Borbone di Napoli

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Book Series: UrbsHistoriaeImago: Storia e immagine dei territori, dei centri urbani e delle architetture ISSN: 2611-5468 ISBN: 9788868870119 Year: Volume: 2 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-011-9 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-11 16:28:49
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Capodimonte was the first Palace of Neapolitan Dinasty “Borbone”, but it was neglected due to the rise of Portici and Caserta’s Royal Palaces, therefore, it was built very slowly. It was completed only a century after the laying of the foundation stone (1738). After so long times, which saw the succession of several architects aiming the leadership to the royal site, some of them were quite famous among the most representative figures of Architecture and Art History in Naples, across Eighteenth and Nineteenth centuries.The Royal Site was originally meant as Hunting reserve nearby the Capital and significant place of rest for the young Carlo di Borbone (Charles of Bourbon), who two years later decided to build a Royal Palace too. That decision was intended to amend the territorial aspects of Neapolitan northern hill, also to influence the urban layout before the unification of Italy. This study, based on a careful documentary and iconographic research, highlights the complex development of the palace and its park which are still paying a high price for the most controversial aspects of the project and its execution, emerged since the beginnings.

The Cost of Insanity in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783319652436 9783319652443 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65244-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Psychiatry --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This open access book is the first comparative study of public, voluntary and private asylums in nineteenth-century Ireland. Examining nine institutions, it explores whether concepts of social class and status and the emergence of a strong middle class informed interactions between gender, religion, identity and insanity. It questions whether medical and lay explanations of mental illness and its causes, and patient experiences, were influenced by these concepts. The strong emphasis on land and its interconnectedness with notions of class identity and respectability in Ireland lends a particularly interesting dimension. The book interrogates the popular notion that relatives were routinely locked away to be deprived of land or inheritance, querying how often “land grabbing” Irish families really abused the asylum system for their personal economic gain. The book will be of interest to scholars of nineteenth-century Ireland and the history of psychiatry and medicine in Britain and Ireland.


L'eterno ritorno del Droit des gens di Emer de Vattel (secc. XVIII-XIX)

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773070 9783944773179 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.12946/gplh8 Language: Italian
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"The numerous editions and early translations produced throughout the eighteenth century enabled the broad dissemination of Emer de Vattel’s juridical-political work Droit des gens. This book investigates the global impact of the Droit des gens with regard to the different political realities, the historical and legal contexts as well as the attempts, mechanisms and strategies used to put these ideas into practice and establish new doctrine between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Droit des gens had an extremely diverse impact, owing to its varied reception in different political situations, historical and legal contexts, and attempts at practical and theoretical implementation. The fact that Vattel’s book was a point of reference for a considerable number of jurists and politicians further demonstrates its authority in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The question naturally arises whether the continuous references to the work may be regarded as «typical citations of style», simply confined to referencing Vattel’s thought, or whether they are a clear sign of a deeper significance; one springing directly from the characteristics of the Droit des gens, with its capacity to organise and regulate the State in its domestic and international relations. The dissemination of the Droit des gens is reconstructed via a broad overview of the dynamics that actually underpinned the use of the treatise, ranging from its influence on political power in domestic and foreign affairs to its use as a guidebook for diplomats and consuls, and even its use as a teaching manual. Co-existing in Vattel’s work are several topics—the legislative, the political and the social—which are developed independently of one another, yet are part of one unified framework. The book aims to bring together a study of the first publication in 1758 of Vattel’s Droit des gens, its constant interaction with subsequent editions, translations and annotated versions carried out by jurists in the 19th century and its critical reception (both positive and negative) in relation to the more complex legislative contexts. The publishing history of the Droit des gens will be accompanied by the methodological aspect—closely bound to the need to write a global legal history—in which translation, in the broader sense of the term, plays a key role. Concepts of fashion and modernity are examined within the context of the practical and theoretical legal entanglements of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, thanks to the voices of distinguished jurists and politicians who made use of the Droit des gens and who translated and annotated it, thereby encouraging the assimilation—not always unadulterated—of Vattel’s thinking."

Das englische Geschäft mit der Nachtigall

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ISBN: 9783205201434 Year: Pages: 406 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626455 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 390
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-01 11:01:14
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This books deals with the Italian opera business in nineteenth century-London. A special emphasis lies on the opera singers as the most important protagonists of the London system. This special role will be examined through the analysis of the opera audience in London, the contractual practice and the tradition of the adaptation of operas to the likes of the London market as well as the substitution of arias.

The English Trade in Nightingales

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ISBN: 978320520554 Year: Pages: 406 Seiten Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 390
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:18

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This books deals with the Italian opera business in nineteenth century-London. A special emphasis lies on the opera singers as the most important protagonists of the London system. This special role will be examined through the analysis of the opera audience in London, the contractual practice and the tradition of the adaptation of operas to the likes of the London market as well as the substitution of arias.

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