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Collider Physics within the Standard Model: A Primer

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Physics ISSN: 0075-8450 ISBN: 9783319519197 9783319519203 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51920-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:06:33
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With this graduate-level primer, the principles of the standard model of particle physics receive a particular skillful, personal and enduring exposition by one of the great contributors to the field.In 2013 the late Prof. Altarelli wrote: The discovery of the Higgs boson and the non-observation of new particles or exotic phenomena have made a big step towards completing the experimental confirmation of the standard model of fundamental particle interactions. It is thus a good moment for me to collect, update and improve my graduate lecture notes on quantum chromodynamics and the theory of electroweak interactions, with main focus on collider physics. I hope that these lectures can provide an introduction to the subject for the interested reader, assumed to be already familiar with quantum field theory and some basic facts in elementary particle physics as taught in undergraduate courses.

Agenda-Setting zwischen Parlament und Medien: Normative Herleitung und empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel der Schweiz

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ISBN: 9783658158972 9783658158989 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-15898-9 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 12:48:41
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Marko Kovic untersucht, wie sich das Parlament und die Medien in der Schweiz im Laufe von Parlamentssessionen gegenseitig beeinflussen. Er zeigt auf, dass sich Parlamentarierinnen und Parlamentarier in ihren Präferenzordnungen und damit in ihrem parlamentarischen Handeln nicht nur nach den Logiken des Politischen, sondern auch nach Medienlogiken richten. Journalistinnen und Journalisten gestalten die Parlamentsberichterstattung zudem in erster Linie im Sinne von Medienlogiken und weniger nach Politiklogiken. Diese Präferenzkonstellation hat zur Folge, dass ein Teil der parlamentarischen Arbeit "medialisiert" wird: Parlamentarierinnen und Parlamentarier richten ihre parlamentarische Arbeit bisweilen explizit an den Bedürfnissen der Medien aus und nicht an den Bedürfnissen der Bürgerinnen und Bürger.

100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038424826 9783038424833 Year: Pages: VIII, 462 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-483-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-11 10:34:09
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In 1692, Newton wrote: "That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action or force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters any competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it. Gravity must be caused by an agent acting constantly according to certain laws, but whether this agent be material or immaterial is a question I have left to the consideration of my readers". One of them who, just over 200 years later, picked up the baton of Newton was Albert Einstein. His General Theory of Relativity, which had its centenary in 2015, opened up new windows on our comprehension of Nature, disclosed new, previously unpredictable, phenomena occurring when relative velocities dramatically change in intense gravitational fields reaching values close to the speed of light and, for the first time after millennia of speculations, put Cosmology on the firm grounds of empirically testable science. This Special Issue was dedicated to this grand achievement of the human thought.

Web and Internet Economics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319719245 9783319719238 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71924-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 691672
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:18

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web and Internet Economics, WINE 2017,&#xD;&#xD;held in Bangalore, India, in December 2017.&#xD;The 28 full and 6 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected&#xD;&#xD;from 89 submissions. The papers reflect the work of researchers in theoretical &#xD;computer science, artificial intelligence, and microeconomics who have joined&#xD;&#xD;forces to tackle problems at the intersection of computation, game theory and&#xD;&#xD;economics.

América Latina y su Teoría

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ISBN: 9789568416546 9789568416546 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.26448/9789568416546.4 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-06 11:01:03
License: Ariadna Ediciones

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Latin America; theory

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Latin America --- theory

Energetinio saugumo sociologija : teorija ir praktika

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ISBN: 9786094672828 Year: Pages: 269 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7220/9786094672828 Language: Lithuanian
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 15:12:01
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The risk, uncertainty and security of the energy system development are the topics which relevance has been determined by the particularly complicated issues of the energy supply and its functioning in contemporary societies under global energy system. The development of the energy sector has always been not only one of the basic conditions for society development, but one of the most serious threats to enormous and multidimensional (economic, health, ecological, social and political) predictable and unpredictable, probable and unexpected multifaceted security issues. The consequences of the positive and negative globalization are particularly evident in the energy sector, both in the provision of cheap and environmentally friendly energy resources, and in the event of harmful and even tragic consequences for the development of the energy system. An important element of energy politics in liberal democratic societies is the public opinion and participation. The perception of energy security in the Lithuanian society is analyzed from rational choice, reflexive modernization, system theory, postmodern perspective, cultural theory, and governance theory points of views. Sociological analysis of energy security is considered to be a relatively separate branch of sociology. It differs from other topics not so much on the particularity of the theoretical approaches, but on the topic itself. It requires specific adaptation of risk theories for the analysis of specific data. The monograph is based on data from two (2013 and 2014) representative Lithuanian society surveys (18 and older). The results reflect the opinion of Lithuanian population distributed by age, sex, place of residence, education, purchasing power and occupation.

Regulatory Theory: Foundations and applications

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ISBN: 9781760461010 Year: DOI: 10.22459/RT.02.2017 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Business and Management --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-06 11:01:22
License: ANU Press

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This volume introduces readers to regulatory theory. Aimed at practitioners, postgraduate students and those interested in regulation as a cross-cutting theme in the social sciences, Regulatory Theory includes chapters on the social-psychological foundations of regulation as well as theories of regulation such as responsive regulation, smart regulation and nodal governance. It explores the key themes of compliance, legal pluralism, meta-regulation, the rule of law, risk, accountability, globalisation and regulatory capitalism. The environment, crime, health, human rights, investment, migration and tax are among the fields of regulation considered in this ground-breaking book. Each chapter introduces the reader to key concepts and ideas and contains suggestions for further reading. The contributors, who either are or have been connected to the Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet) at The Australian National University, include John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, Peter Grabosky, Neil Gunningham, Fiona Haines, Terry Halliday, David Levi-Faur, Christine Parker, Colin Scott and Clifford Shearing.

Dance and politics: Moving beyond boundaries

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ISBN: 9781526105172 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620070 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-19 11:01:04
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"Since ancient times and across cultures, dance has provided a powerful form of human expression. In this inspiring book, Dana Mills examines the political power of dance from a global perspective. Mills explores different dimensions of dance as a form of intervention into a politics more commonly articulated in words. She is interested in dance as a system of communication that allows its subjects to speak with their bodies and to create embodied spaces, drawing attention to the radically egalitarian nature of dance with its ability to transcend all boundaries of gender, race and sexual politics. &#xD;&#xD;The book is structured around a range of cross-cultural and comparative examples, from the work of Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham to gumboot dancers in South Africa and the One Billion Rising movement, which uses dance to protest against gendered violence. Each case study references powerful dance ‘moments’, providing links to YouTube clips to allow readers to experience dance directly as they read. The case studies are discussed within a conceptual framework drawing on Rancière’s concept of dissensus and in the light of recent work on embodied politics by political theorists including Jodi Dean and Jane Bennett. &#xD;&#xD;Dance and politics is aimed at a dual audience of political theorists and students and scholars of dance and performance. It will also be of great interest to readers seeking to expand their thinking about politics, embodiment and activism."

Error-Correction Coding and Decoding: Bounds, Codes, Decoders, Analysis and Applications

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Signals and Communication Technology ISSN: 1860-4862 / 1860-4870 ISBN: 9783319511023 9783319511030 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51103-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 15:07:50
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This book discusses both the theory and practical applications of self-correcting data, commonly known as error-correcting codes. The applications included demonstrate the importance of these codes in a wide range of everyday technologies, from smartphones to secure communications and transactions. Written in a readily understandable style, the book presents the authors’ twenty-five years of research organized into five parts:Part I is concerned with the theoretical performance attainable by using error correcting codes to achieve communications efficiency in digital communications systems.Part II explores the construction of error-correcting codes and explains the different families of codes and how they are designed. Techniques are described for producing the very best codes.Part III addresses the analysis of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, primarily to calculate their stopping sets and low-weight codeword spectrum which determines the performance of these codes.Part IV deals with decoders designed to realize optimum performance.Part V describes applications which include combined error correction and detection, public key cryptography using Goppa codes, correcting errors in passwords and watermarking.This book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in error-correcting codes and their applications, ranging from non-experts to professionals at the forefront of research in their field.

Dignity in the 21st Century: Middle East and West

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Philosophy ISSN: 2211-4548 ISBN: 9783319580203 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/10.1007/978-3-319-58020-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 16:22:05
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This book offers a unique and insightful analysis of Western and Middle Eastern concepts of dignity and illustrates them with examples of everyday life.Dignity in the 21st Century - Middle East and West is unique and insightful for a range of reasons. First, the book is co-authored by scholars from two different cultures (Middle East and West). As a result, the interpretations of dignity covered are broader than those in most Western publications. Second, the ambition of the book is to use examples from everyday life and fiction to debate a range of dignity interpretations supplemented by philosophical and theological theories. Thus, the book is designed to be accessible to a general readership, which is further facilitated because it is published with full open access. Third, the book does not defend one superior theory of dignity, but instead presents six Western approaches and one based on the Koran and then asks whether a common essence can be detected.The answer to the question whether a common essence can be detected between the Koranic interpretation of dignity and the main Western theories (virtue, Kant) is YES. The essence can be seen in dignity as a sense of self-worth, which persons have a duty to develop and respect in themselves and a duty to protect in others. The book ends with two recommendations. First, given the 7 concepts of dignity introduced in the book, meaningful dialogue can only be achieved if conversation partners clarify which variation they are using. Second, future collaborations between philosophers and psychologists might be helpful in moving theoretical knowledge on dignity as a sense of self-worth into practical action. The “scourges” of a sense of self-worth and dignity are identified by psychologists as violence, humiliation, disregard and embarrassment. To know more about how these can be avoided from psychologists, is helpful when protecting a sense of self-worth in others.

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