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Thin Film Processes - Artifacts on Surface Phenomena and Technological Facets

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ISBN: 9789535130673 9789535130680 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.5772/64990 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The book Thin Film Processes - Artifacts on Surface Phenomena and Technological Facets presents topics on global advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications of thin-film material perspectives and its applications. The aspect of this book is associated with the thin-film physics, the methods of deposition, optimization parameters and its wide technological applications. This book is divided into three main sections: Thin Film Deposition Methods: A Synthesis Perspective; Optimization Parameters in the Thin Film Science and Application of Thin Films: A Synergistic Outlook. Collected chapters provide applicable knowledge for a wide range of readers: common men, students and researchers. It was constructed by experts in diverse fields of thin-film science and technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

Graphene Materials - Structure, Properties and Modifications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535131397 9789535131403 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.5772/65151 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about the surface chemistry of graphene, some of its properties (electrical, mechanical, etc.), and many of its modifications that can be taken into account.

Graphene Materials - Advanced Applications

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ISBN: 9789535131410 9789535131427 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68679 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Abstract

Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about many advanced applications of graphene (electrical, optical, environmental, cells, capacitors, etc).

New Research on Silicon - Structure, Properties, Technology

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ISBN: 9789535131595 9789535131601 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.5772/65609 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The knowledge of fundamental silicon questions and all aspects of silicon technology gives the possibility of improvement to both initial silicon material and devices on silicon basis. The articles for this book have been contributed by the much respected researchers in this area and cover the most recent developments and applications of silicon technology and some fundamental questions. This book provides the latest research developments in important aspects of silicon including nanoclusters, solar silicon, porous silicon, some technological processes, and silicon devices and also fundamental question about silicon structural perfection. This book is of interest both to fundamental research and to practicing scientists and also will be useful to all engineers and students in industry and academia.

Nitrification and Denitrification

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ISBN: 9789535132998 9789535133001 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.5772/65170 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Nitrification and denitrification are essential processes for aquatic ecological system and vital for human health. While ammonia is applied for disinfection together with chlorine to produce chloramine, excessive ammonia may cause nitrification and bacteria growth in water transmission pipeline. Since excessive discharge may cause eutrophication and deterioration of aquatic system, nitrate is regulated for wastewater discharge in sensitive areas. Further, nitrate needs to be monitored and controlled in drinking water treatment to protect against methemoglobinemia in bottle-fed infants.

Application of Titanium Dioxide

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ISBN: 9789535134299 9789535134305 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70121 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Titanium dioxide is mainly used as a pigment and photocatalyst. It is possible to find it in food, cosmetics, building materials, electric devices, and others. This book contains chapters about application of titanium dioxide in different branches of economy such as the agriculture, the food industry, the medicine, the cosmetics, the water treatment technologies, and the semiconductors.

Titanium Dioxide

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ISBN: 9789535134138 9789535134145 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.5772/66559 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Titanium dioxide is mainly used as a pigment and photocatalyst. It is possible to find it in food, cosmetics, building materials, electric devices, and others. This book contains chapters about characteristics of anatase and rutile crystallographic structure of titanium dioxide and the use of theoretical calculation for photoactivity determination.

Rare Earth Element

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ISBN: 9789535134015 9789535134022 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.5772/65576 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Rare earth elements have significant physical and chemical properties, which have been made indispensable in many magnetic, electronic, and optical applications. For instance, rare earth magnets have high magnetic intensity that can be retained at high temperatures, making them ideal for aerospace applications. Moreover, rare earth elements allow to fabricate faster, smaller, and lighter devices such as cell phones and hard drives. They are also important for in-ear headphones, microphones, loudspeakers, optical fibers, smartphones, and tablet computers. All these technological possibilities have made sure that the rare earth elements are part of the daily life. Therefore, this book has a main objective to let the readers know useful information about the rare earth elements that possibly allow development of the researches in different fields of science where the rare earth elements are used.

Recent Progress in Soldering Materials

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ISBN: 9789535136439 9789535136446 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/66554 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
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This book is about solders and their composition and focuses on material characterizations and the methods used to make alloys and determine their structures, physical properties and applications. Physical properties and the factors that control them and theoretical verification are the main contents of this book. Corrosion of solders is included in the coverage of the properties related to solder composition and mechanical properties.

Cobalt

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ISBN: 9789535136675 9789535136682 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68255 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Cobalt is a brittle, hard, silver-grey transition metal with high melting point, hard-wearing at elevated temperatures, good corrosion resistance and improved chemical, magnetic and mechanical properties. This book aims to provide in-depth study and analyses of various synthesis and processing techniques and characterization of cobalt that can lead to its increased applications in recent technology. This book presents deep understanding of the new techniques from basic to the advance level for scientists and engineers. The chapters cover all major aspects about cobalt and its application in material characterization with special emphasis on both theoretical and experimental aspects. This book addresses engineering professionals, students and materials scientists.

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