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Science Education - Research and New Technologies

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ISBN: 9789535135395 9789535135401 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/65601 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Education
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The book presents a discussion on education of sciences, through a technological view shown in the works of a variety of authors from different countries. It's a differentiated conception of scientific education bringing renowned authors who discuss from teacher formation to the inclusion of new technologies into education. We are proud to say that the themes discussed in the book are up to date and also of scientific interest in many countries, as seen by the collaborating authors who come from many parts of the world. The scientific discussion becomes evident through the effort of the authors in participating in this book that will serve as a reference for future research for those who want to develop modern educational approaches.

Structural Health Monitoring - Measurement Methods and Practical Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535132530 9789535132547 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/65818 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medical technology
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Structural health monitoring (SHM) is a new engineering field with a growing tendency, based on technology development focused on data acquisition and analysis, to prevent possible damage in man-made structures and land's natural faults. The data are obtained from sensors and monitoring systems that allow detecting damages on structures, space vehicles, and land natural faults, to model their behavior under adverse scenarios, in order to search the detection of anomalies. Currently, there are many SHM systems with sensors based on different technologies like optical fiber, video cameras, optical scanners, wireless networks, and piezoelectric transducers, among others. In this context, the present book includes selected chapters with theoretical models and applications, to preserve infrastructure and prevent loss of human lives.

Mine Action - The Research Experience of the Royal Military Academy of Belgium

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789535133032 9789535133049 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.5772/60107 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
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Every day, civilians in dozens of countries around the world are injured and killed by landmines and other lethal leftovers of conflict, years after hostilities of war have ended. Once planted, a mine will never be able to tell the difference between a military and civilian footstep, and a bomblet will continue to attract children and metal dealers. In order to put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by antipersonnel mines, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (the Ottawa Convention or Mine Ban Treaty), was adopted in 1997. Further, in order to prevent suffering and casualties caused by cluster munitions at the time of their use, the Convention on the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Cluster Munitions (the Oslo Convention), was adopted in 2008. In 1996, the Royal Military Academy (RMA) opted for the implementation of mine action technological projects funded by the Belgian Ministry of Defense and the Belgian State Secretariat for Development Cooperation. It further decided to set up a close collaboration with other Belgian universities, which started organizing their own research activities on mine action. Later, other funding sources were granted to RMA by the Belgian Science Policy, the European Commission, and the European Committee for Standardization. At a more politico-administrative level, RMA participates in the States Parties Meetings of the Mine Ban Treaty, and in this context, Prof. Acheroy created an expert group on mine action technologies with representatives of different organizations and countries, aiming at informing the States Parties of the Mine Ban Treaty about the evolution of the mine action technologies. Further, Prof. Y. Baudoin created working groups dedicated to robotics in mine action within international organization. This book reports research activities achieved by the RMA.

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535135005 9789535135012 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.5772/66015 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
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This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Smartphones from an Applied Research Perspective

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ISBN: 9789535135890 9789535135906 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.5772/65172 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Media and communication
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Smartphones from an Applied Research Perspective highlights latest advancements of research undertaken in multidisciplinary fields where the smartphone plays a central role. Smartphone is synonymous to innovation in today's society. Very few visionaries predicted its social, cultural, technological and economic impacts, although the usage of smartphone is almost pervasive and transcendental. This book is meant for researchers and postgraduate students looking forward for hot topics for their final year projects, doctoral or even postdoctoral studies. Practitioners too will find food for thought and will surely be amazed by the broadness of the topics presented.

Holographic Materials and Optical Systems

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535130376 9789535130383 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.5772/63255 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
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Holographic Materials and Optical Systems covers recent research achievements in the areas of volume holographic optical elements and systems, development of functionalized holographic recording materials, and applications in holographic imaging and metrology. Designs of single and multiplexed volume holographic optical elements for laser beam shaping, combining, and redirection are covered, and their properties are studied theoretically and experimentally. The high impact of holography in imaging and metrology is demonstrated by applications spreading from thickness and surface measurements, through antenna metrology and analyzing high-density gradients in fluid mechanics to characterization of live objects in clinical diagnostics. Novel functionalized materials used in dynamic or permanent holographic recording cover photopolymers, photochromics, photo-thermo-refractive glasses, and hybrid organic-inorganic media.

Electrochemical Sensors Technology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535131939 9789535131946 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.5772/65230 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
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This book Electrochemical Sensors Technology mostly reviews the modem methods and significant electrochemical and electroanalytical applications of chemical sensors and biosensors. Chapters of this book are invited and contributed from the experts throughout the world from prominent researchers and scientists in the field of sensors and in the field of electro- and biochemistry. Each chapter provides technical and methodological details beyond the level found in typical journal articles or reviews and explores the application of chemical sensors, environmental sensors, and biosensors to a significant problem in biomedical and environmental science, also providing a prospectus for the future. This book compiles with the expert knowledge of many specialists in the construction and use of chemical sensors and biosensors including chemical sensors, biological sensors, DNA sensors, immunosensors, gaseous sensors, ionic sensors, bioassay sensors, lab-on-chips, devices, portable sensors, microchips, nanosensors, implantable microsensors, and so on in the field of fundamental and applied electrochemistry. Highlights and importance are laid on real or practical problems, ranging from chemical application to biomedical monitoring, from in vitro to in vivo, and from single cell to animal to human measurement. This offers a unique opportunity of exchanging and combining the scientist or researcher in electrochemical sensors in largely chemistry, biological engineering, electronic engineering, and biomedical and physiological fields.

Cloud Computing - Architecture and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535132431 9789535132448 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/62794 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
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In the era of Internet of Things and with the explosive worldwide growth of electronic data volume, and associated need of processing, analysis, and storage of such humongous volume of data, it has now become mandatory to exploit the power of massively parallel architecture for fast computation. Cloud computing provides a cheap source of such computing framework for large volume of data for real-time applications. It is, therefore, not surprising to see that cloud computing has become a buzzword in the computing fraternity over the last decade. This book presents some critical applications in cloud frameworks along with some innovation design of algorithms and architecture for deployment in cloud environment. It is a valuable source of knowledge for researchers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate and doctoral students working in the field of cloud computing. It will also be useful for faculty members of graduate schools and universities.

Magnetic Sensors - Development Trends and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535136477 9789535136484 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/66603 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
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This book presents an overview of some trends of research and development in the area of magnetic sensors, from materials to applications. A first focus is made on the topics of amorphous micro-wires and thin-film structures and their fabrication, characterization, and application for magnetic sensors based on the effects of giant magneto-impedance (GMI) and magneto-elasticity. A second section deals with the magneto-impedance (MR) sensors, from the development of new materials to sensor implementation and applications. Intended for readers wishing to acquire understanding of the current trends in these areas and comprehension of the issues and the potential of applications of these sensors, this book addresses exciting topics in this field.

Manifolds - Current Research Areas

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ISBN: 9789535128717 9789535128724 9789535141228 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/63138 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mathematics
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Differential geometry is a very active field of research and has many applications to areas such as physics and gravity, for example. The papers in this book cover a number of subjects which will be of interest to workers in these areas. It is hoped that the papers here will be able to provide a useful resource for researchers with regard to current fields of research in this important area.

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