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Dictionary of World Biography

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ISBN: 9781760462185 Year: Pages: 952 DOI: 10.22459/DWB.05.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:02:14
License: ANU Press

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Jones, Barry Owen (1932– ). Australian politician, writer and lawyer, born in Geelong. Educated at Melbourne University, he was a public servant, high school teacher, television and radio performer, university lecturer and lawyer before serving as a Labor MP in the Victorian Parliament 1972–77 and the Australian House of Representatives 1977–98. He took a leading role in reviving the Australian film industry, abolishing the death penalty in Australia, and was the first politician to raise public awareness of global warming, the ‘post-industrial’ society, the IT revolution, biotechnology, the rise of ‘the Third Age’ and the need to preserve Antarctica as a wilderness. In the Hawke Government, he was Minister for Science 1983–90, Prices and Consumer Affairs 1987, Small Business 1987–90 and Customs 1988–90. He became a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO, Paris 1991–95 and National President of the Australian Labor Party 1992–2000, 2005–06. He was Deputy Chairman of the Constitutional Convention 1998. His books include Decades of Decision 1860– (1965), Joseph II (1968), Age of Apocalypse (1975), and he edited The Penalty is Death (1968). Sleepers, Wake!: Technology and the Future of Work was published by Oxford University Press in 1982, became a bestseller and has been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Swedish and braille. The fourth edition was published in 1995. Knowledge Courage Leadership, a collection of speeches and essays, appeared in 2016.

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dictionary --- biography

Die effektiven Konsuln Österreich (-Ungarns) von 1825-1918

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ISBN: 9783205206019 Year: DOI: 10.7767/9783205206019 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103504
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:01
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Consular offices were protective authorities of domestic commercial interests. Its reports ans analyses were important bases for political decisions. A short general compilation about development, training, duties, rights, and social and human aspects is followed by 617 careers, mostly gathered from sources of the archives of Vienna. This study for the first time presents a biographical reference work for consular practics in one of the five european powers of the era between 1825 and 1918.

With and Without Galton: Vasilii Florinskii and the Fate of Eugenics in Russia

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ISBN: 9781783745111 9781783745135 Year: Pages: 696 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0144
Publisher: Open Book Publishers Grant: English
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-26 16:07:26
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In 1865, British polymath Francis Galton published his initial thoughts about the scientific field that would become ‘eugenics.’ The same year, Russian physician Vasilii Florinskii addressed similar issues in a sizeable treatise, entitled Human Perfection and Degeneration. Initially unheralded, Florinskii’s book would go on to have a remarkable afterlife in twentieth- and twenty-first-century Russia. In this lucid and insightful work, Nikolai Krementsov argues that the concept of eugenics brings together ideas, values, practices, and fears energised by a focus on the future. It has proven so seductive to different groups over time because it provides a way to grapple with fundamental existential questions of human nature and destiny. With and Without Galton develops this argument by tracing the life-story of Florinskii’s monograph from its uncelebrated arrival amid the Russian empire’s Great Reforms, to its reissue after the Bolshevik Revolution, its decline under Stalinism, and its subsequent resurgence: first, as a founding document of medical genetics, and most recently, as a manifesto for nationalists and racial purists. Krementsov’s meticulously researched ‘biography of a book’ sheds light not only on the peculiar fate of eugenics in Russia, but also on its convoluted transnational history, elucidating the field’s protean nature and its continuing and contested appeal to diverse audiences, multiple local trajectories, and global trends. It is required reading for historians of eugenics, science, medicine, education, literature, and Russia, and it will also appeal to the general reader looking for a deeper understanding of this challenging subject.

The Life and Letters of William Sharp and "Fiona Macleod". Volume 1: 1855-1894

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ISBN: 9781783745005 9781783745029 Year: Pages: 710 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0142 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-04 13:00:52
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"William Sharp (1855-1905) conducted one of the most audacious literary deceptions of his or any time. Sharp was a Scottish poet, novelist, biographer and editor who in 1893 began to write critically and commercially successful books under the name Fiona Macleod. This was far more than just a pseudonym: he corresponded as Macleod, enlisting his sister to provide the handwriting and address, and for more than a decade ""Fiona Macleod"" duped not only the general public but such literary luminaries as William Butler Yeats and, in America, E. C. Stedman.Sharp wrote ""I feel another self within me now more than ever; it is as if I were possessed by a spirit who must speak out"". This three-volume collection brings together Sharp’s own correspondence – a fascinating trove in its own right, by a Victorian man of letters who was on intimate terms with writers including Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Walter Pater, and George Meredith – and the Fiona Macleod letters, which bring to life Sharp’s intriguing ""second self"". With an introduction and detailed notes by William F. Halloran, this richly rewarding collection offers a wonderful insight into the literary landscape of the time, while also investigating a strange and underappreciated phenomenon of late-nineteenth-century English literature. It is essential for scholars of the period, and it is an illuminating read for anyone interested in authorship and identity. "

Berthold Viertel

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ISBN: 9783205205036 Year: Pages: 370 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 459
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:28
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Berthold Viertel – a writer and director born in Vienna in 1885 – left an extensive yet fragmentary autobiographical project that had been subject to many substantial changes during his exile and remigration in 1948. In order to examine Viertel’s complex autobiographical writing an innovative biographical approach had to be chosen, interlinking his autobiographical practice between 1917 and 1953 with collective memory and current research in 15 biographical “sites of memory” (lieux de mémoire), encompassing the period between 1860 and 1917. Viertel is shown as a fascinating player in the cultural scene of Vienna 1900 as well as a typical representative of a critical avant-garde, whose lines of tradition he wanted to preserve in his autobiographical writing.

Hope Lies in the Proles

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ISBN: 9780745399294 9781786801890 9781786802194 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100940
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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George Orwell was one of the most significant literary figures on the left in the twentieth century. While titles such as 1984, Animal Farm and Homage to Catalonia are still rightly regarded as modern classics, his own politics are less well understood. Hope Lies in the Proles offers a sympathetic yet critical account of Orwell's political thinking and its continued significance today. John Newsinger explores various aspects of Orwell's politics, detailing Orwell's attempts to change working-class consciousness, considering whether his attitude towards the working class was romantic, realistic or patronising - or all three at different times. He also asks whether Orwell's anti-fascism was eclipsed by his criticism of the Soviet Union, and explores his ambivalent relationship with the Labour Party. Newsinger also breaks important new ground regarding Orwell's shifting views on the USA, and his relationship with the progressive Left and feminism.

The Red Countess

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ISBN: 9781783745562 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0140 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:13
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Born into a distinguished aristocratic family of the old Habsburg Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood and early youth travelling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. Never comfortable with the traditional roles women were expected to play, she broke as a young adult both with her family and, after five years on his estate in the old Czarist Russia, with her German Junker husband, and set out as an independent, free-thinking individual, earning a precarious living as a writer. She translated over 70 books from English, French and Russian into German, notably the novels of Upton Sinclair, which she turned into best-sellers in Germany; produced a series of detective novels under a pseudonym; wrote seven engaging and thought-provoking novels of her own, six of which were translated into English; contributed countless insightful short stories and articles to newspapers and magazines; and, having become a committed socialist, achieved international renown in the 1920s with her Fairy Tales for Workers’ Children, which were widely translated including into Chinese and Japanese. Because of her fervent and outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she and her life-long Jewish partner, Stefan Klein, had to flee first Germany, where they had settled, and then, in 1938, her native Austria. They found refuge in England, where Zur Mühlen died, forgotten and virtually penniless, in 1951. This new, expanded edition contains: Zur Mühlen’s autobiographical memoir, The End and the Beginning; The editor’s detailed notes on the persons and events mentioned in the autobiography; A selection of Zur Mühlen’s short stories and two fairy tales; A synopsis of Zur Mühlen’s untranslated novel Our Daughters the Nazi Girls; An essay by the Editor on Zur Mühlen’s life and work; A bibliography of Zur Mühlen’s novels in English translation; A portfolio of selected illustrations of her work by George Grosz and Heinrich Vogeler; A free online supplement with additional original material

Anton Kuh

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ISBN: 9783835331891 Year: Pages: 577 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 540
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:04

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Walter Schübler’s biography paints a portrait of the extravagant bon vivant Anton Kuh with all his facets: the militant publicist, whose polemical squibs provided a running commentary to happenings in Vienna and Berlin, the alert chronicler of the 1910s, 20s and 30s, the avowed leftist, who risked his neck in conflicts with the Nazis, the oppositionist, who enjoyed teasing Karl Kraus, the bohemian, who took every chance to provoke, even when this was programmatically tactless, the neurasthenic with a self-destructive lifestyle, the phenomenal impromptu speaker, whose thoughts ran hot and whose audience responded with thunderous applause. The first biography of this »speech-actor« reconstructs the main body of Kuh’s work – the impromptu speeches – and calls into question all of the rumors that are still circulating about this assumed »local hero«.

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