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Between the Plough and the Pick

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ISBN: 9781760461713 Year: DOI: 10.22459/BPP.03.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-10 11:01:51
License: ANU Press

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"Between the Plough and the Pick deepens our understanding of informal, artisanal and small-scale mining, popularly known as ASM. The book engages with wider scholarly conceptualisations of contemporary global social, agrarian and political changes, whilst underlining the roles that local social‑political-historical contexts play in shaping mineral extractive processes and practices. It shows that the people who are engaged in these mining practices are often the poorest and most exploited labourers—erstwhile peasants caught in the vortex of global change, who perform the most insecure and dangerous tasks. Although these people are located at the margins of mainstream economic life, they collectively produce enormous amounts of diverse material commodities and find a livelihood (and often a pathway out of oppressive poverty). The contributions to this book bring these people to the forefront of debates on resource politics. The contributors are international scholars and practitioners who explore the complexities in the histories, in labour and production practices, the forces driving such mining, the creative agency and capacities of these miners, as well as the human and environmental costs of ASM. They show how these informal, artisanal and small‑scale miners are inextricably engaged with, or bound to, global commodity values, are intimately involved in the production of new extractive territories and rural economies, and how their labour reshapes agrarian communities and landscapes of resource access and control. This book drives home the understanding that, collectively, this social and economic milieu redefines our conceptualisation of resource politics, mineral‑dependent livelihoods, extractive geographies of resources and commodities, and their multiple meanings."

Entrepreneurship - Development Tendencies and Empirical Approach

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ISBN: 9789535137603 9789535137610 9789535140504 Year: Pages: 472 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68372 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In context of entrepreneurship, this book was motivated by a desire of a team of well-known authors. The book consists of 23 closely related thematic contributions, which fall into 4 separate sections: Interactions between Economy and Entrepreneurship; Innovation in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth; Current Trends in Family Business, Social Entrepreneurship and Responsibility; and The Role of Human Resource Management, Education and Gender in Entrepreneurship. Authors-contributors have submitted the results of their recent research and presented essential findings about the decision-making process of entrepreneurs in order to maintain their businesses competitive. The reader can get an insight into the selection of the best scientific contributions that have been reviewed and ready for debate. Our piece of work, Entrepreneurship: Development Tendencies and Empirical Approach, has interdisciplinary features. This work by authors from different countries - Finland, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Italy, Spain, Turkey and Malaysia - is dedicated to readers providing up-to-date research data and background for further research as well as implementation techniques in business practice.

Immigration and Development

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ISBN: 9789535137849 9789535137856 9789535140900 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69818 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book deals with several issues linking immigration and social development. Following several approaches, from economic to sociological ones, it covers the many effects of the rising phenomenon of immigration. It deals with the effects of immigration on economic growth, on human capital accumulation, and on the government budget. Moreover, it also includes contributions on the social integration of immigrants and on the effects they have in some different cities. It covers studies in countries such as Norway, the USA, Romania, and South Africa. The book Immigration and Development is an essential reading for those who want to get a social sciences multidisciplinary approach to immigration as a social phenomenon.

Digital Transformation in Smart Manufacturing

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535138419 9789535138426 9789535140825 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69336 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of the new industrial revolution: the ""Industry 4.0."" Globalization and competitiveness are forcing companies to review and improve their production processes. Industry 4.0 is a revolution that involves many different sectors and is still evolving. It represents the integration of tools already used in the past (big data, cloud, robot, 3D printing, simulation, etc.) that are now connected to a smart network by transmitting digital data at high speeds. The implementation of a 4.0 system represents a huge change for companies, which are faced with big investments. The idea of the book is to present practices, challenges, and opportunities related to the Industry 4.0. This book is intended to be a useful resource for anyone who deals with this issue.

Entrepreneurship - Trends and Challenges

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ISBN: 9789535139638 9789535139645 9789535140924 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69977 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Entrepreneurship is a powerful attitude that, in such a way, in the last few years, has become a discipline increasingly transversal to different areas of knowledge. Many times, we think about the things we want such as a good house, a brand new car, a beautiful relationship, a good friendship, and a good way to be in the world. Is that possible that you convert into an entrepreneur? This book shows some examples of that possibility, from simple people to a big organization. In all cases, if you become an entrepreneur, it will be for your taste and pleasure, a means to survive and enjoy the uncertainty, and rejoice that you have all these in your hands and will. Can you find out the trends and overcome the challenges? We would say yes. It all depends on whether you want to develop and apply this attitude.

Applying the Kaizen in Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319914008 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91400-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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At present, how to develop industries is a burning issue in Africa, where population growth remains high and economic development has thus far failed to provide sufficient jobs for many, especially young people and women. The creation of productive jobs through industrial development ought to be a central issue in steering economic activity across the continent. The authors of this book, consisting of two development economists and five practitioners, argue that the adoption of Kaizen management practices, which originated in Japan and have become widely used by manufacturers in advanced and emerging economies, is decisively the most effective first step for industrial development in Africa. This open access book discusses what Kaizen management is, why it is applicable to Africa, and why it can provide Africa with a springboard for sustainable economic growth and employment generation.

Energy in Africa

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Energy ISBN: 9783319922195 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92219-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
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This open access book presents a picture of the current energy challenges on the African continent (and the Sub-Saharan region in particular) and proposes pathways to an accelerated energy transition. Starting with an analysis of the status quo and the outlook for Africa’s energy demand and energy access, it provides an account of the available resources, including hydrocarbons and renewable energy resources, which are playing an increasingly crucial role. It then moves on to analyze the level of investment required to scale-up Africa’s energy systems, shedding light on the key barriers and elaborating on potential solutions. It also provides a suggestion for improving the effectiveness of EU–Africa cooperation. While mainly intended for policymakers and academics, this book also speaks to a broader audience interested in gaining an overview of the challenges and opportunities of the African energy sector today and in the future.

Chapter 31: Re-imagining the Northeast in India, again (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138716575 9780429489877 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History --- Science (General) --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-06 11:21:02
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"Northeast India is a multifaceted and dynamic region that is constantly in focus because of its fragile political landscape characterized by endemic violence and conflicts. One of the first of its kind, this reader on Northeast India examines myriad aspects of the region – its people and its linguistic and cultural diversity. •The chapters here highlight the key issues confronted by the Northeast in recent times: its history, politics, economy, gender equations, migration, ethnicity, literature and traditional performative practices. •The book presents interlinkages between a range of socio-cultural issues and armed political violence while covering topics such as federalism, nationality, population, migration and social change. •It discusses debates on development with a view to comprehensive policies and state intervention. With its a nuanced and wide-ranging overview, this volume makes new contributions to understanding a region that is critical to the future of South Asian geopolitics. The book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of contemporary Northeast India as well as history, political science, area studies, international relations, sociology and social anthropology. It will also appeal to those interested in public administration, regional literature, cultural studies, population studies, development studies and economics."

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