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Garbarge Citizenship

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ISBN: 9781478000990 9781478002505 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102068
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:03
License: Duke University Press

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Over the last twenty-five years, garbage infrastructure in Dakar, Senegal, has taken center stage in struggles over government, the value of labor, and the dignity of the working poor. Through strikes and public dumping, Dakar's streets have been periodically inundated with household garbage as the city's trash collectors and ordinary residents protest urban austerity. Often drawing on discourses of Islamic piety, garbage activists have provided a powerful language to critique a neoliberal mode of governing-through-disposability and assert rights to fair labor. In Garbage Citizenship Rosalind Fredericks traces Dakar's volatile trash politics to recalibrate how we understand urban infrastructure by emphasizing its material, social, and affective elements. She shows how labor is a key component of infrastructural systems and how Dakar's residents use infrastructures as a vital tool for forging collective identities and mobilizing political action.

Machineries of Oil

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Book Series: Infrastructures ISBN: 9780262037044 9780262344838 Year: Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101019
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Machineries of Oil is an investigation into oil infrastructure in modern society, examining local power struggles over the construction of the global oil industry in a non-western context. This history is crucial for understanding the twentieth-century politics of the Middle East and the peculiar ways in which countries of the Global South have served as irreplaceable laboratories for producing knowledge and know-how on nature and society. This book will come at a time when tensions between the US and Iran, and tensions surrounding the politics of the oil industry in the Middle East in particular, have become unfortunately heightened in the wake of the change in US administration. We feel this book is particularly suited to the Knowledge Unlatched program because our reach to Middle East studies audiences is somewhat limited, and we’d like this book to be available to as many readers as possible, despite limited marketing resources to go beyond our usual channels.

Virtuous Waters

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ISBN: 9780520291737 9780520965393 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.48 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting scientific, religious and political understandings of waters and a material history of social formations, environments, and infrastructures. The book shows that while modern concepts and infrastructures have come to dominate both the hydrosphere and the scholarly literature on water, longstanding popular understandings and engagements with these heterogeneous liquids have been reproduced as part of the same process. Attention to these dynamics can help us comprehend and confront the water crisis that is coming to a head in the twenty-first century.

Urban Land Systems: An Ecosystems Perspective

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038429173 9783038429180 Year: Pages: VIII, 192 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 12:55:50
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Global urbanization creates challenges towards sustainability and human well-being. Urban areas are dependent on the ecosystems beyond the city limits but also benefit from the internal urban green places. An understanding of the importance of urban ecosystem services means that urban greenery can be designedly maintained or even expanded. As cities are expected to grow at a rapid rate in the coming decades, it is important that the ecosystem perspective is understood and valued by city planners and political decision-makers. This special issue highlights some aspects related to urban sprawl dynamics and urban ecosystem management. Observations and studies presented in ten papers show that urbanization affects essential ecological, economic, and social landscape functions, whose importance is often undervalued in cities worldwide.

National Competitiveness of Vietnam: Determinants, Emerging Key Issues and Recommendations

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631591352 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.3726/b13666 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:37
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The author presents an empirical study on Vietnam’s national competitiveness by using mixed methods research (qualitative and quantitative) with a combination of hard and soft data. The result shows that production resources (human, infrastructure, capital and natural resources) have played the most important role in improving competitiveness, productivity and living standard in Vietnam in the last two decades. The author also analyzed and evaluated the competitiveness of the Vietnamese economy, and pointed out the remaining weaknesses of competitiveness compared to the selected regional countries such as shortage of production resources supply, a dominance of inefficient state-owned enterprises and its slow reform, and weak public institutions as well as inefficient government governance. These weaknesses have led Vietnam’s competitiveness, productivity and economic growth to remain low, especially compared to China. Finally, the author attempts to provide some recommendations enhancing the competitiveness, productivity, and citizens’ living standard in Vietnam in the long term.

Energy Poverty

Author:
ISBN: 978331969298 9783319692999 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69299-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 313478
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-20 11:02:19
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EVALUATE is a multi-sited study, involving extensive research across a variety of cities and countries. Focusing primarily on four Central and
Eastern European cities (Budapest, Gdańsk, Prague and Skopje) the project
has undertaken a customized survey with 2435 households, supplemented
with insights from in-depth household interviews, ‘energy diaries’
and energy efficiency audits in the homes of approximately 160 households
living in the four cities. EVALUATE has entailed 195 expert interviews
in a much wider range of sites across the world, as well as an analysis
of micro-data from national and European Union surveys of energy poverty.
It has led to more than 200 dissemination activities, while laying the
basis for the European Energy Poverty Observatory as well as a new
European Co-operation for Science and Technology Action on ‘European
Energy Poverty: Agenda Co-Creation and Knowledge Innovation’

Recent Advances in Smart Materials for the Built Environment

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038973522 9783038973539 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-353-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-10 10:27:42
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.[The book deals with novel investigations concerning new materials and their applications in the built environment. The built environment of the future will implement innovative solutions for energy efficiency, self-monitoring infrastructures, and self-healing strategies, just to mention the most promising smart material technologies that will most likely assume a pivotal importance in the future. This book is a result of a very multidisciplinary effort aimed at driving the scientific progress of the constructions of the future. The works included in this book concern new materials and coatings for cultural heritage preservation, environmentally sustainable concretes and paving material components, self-healing, and durability strategies.]

Mobile laser scanning based determination of railway network topology and branching direction on turnouts

Author:
Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731507437 Year: Volume: 038 Pages: XII, 137 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000077900 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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GNSS is often inaccurate and satellite signals are not always available, which results in ambiguous situations. In order to reduce their negative effects on train-borne localization, this work proposes an approach for the detection of tracks, turnouts, and branching directions solely from 2d lidar sensor measurements. The experimental evaluation shows highly correct and complete results. In summary, these detections are sufficient to reduce ambiguity problems in train-borne localization.

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