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Grammar and Corpora 2016

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ISBN: 9783946054849 9783946054832 9783946054825 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.361.509 Language: English, German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-07 13:13:47
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In recent years, the availability of large annotated corpora, together with a new interest in the empirical foundation and validation of linguistic theory and description, has sparked a surge of novel work using corpus methods to study the grammar of natural languages. This volume presents recent developments and advances, firstly, in corpus-oriented grammar research with a special focus on Germanic, Slavic, and Romance languages and, secondly, in corpus linguistic methodology as well as the application of corpus methods to grammar-related fields. The volume results from the sixth international conference Grammar and Corpora 2016 (GaC 2016), which took place at the Institute for the German Language (IDS) in Mannheim, Germany, in November 2016.

A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages

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Book Series: Studies in Germanic Linguistics ISSN: 2452-2120 ISBN: 9789027263124 9789027263131 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1075/sigl.3 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-13 10:20:28
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Fulk’s Comparative Grammar offers an overview of and bibliographical guide to the study of the phonology and the inflectional morphology of the earliest Germanic languages, with particular attention to Gothic, Old Norse / Icelandic, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, and Old High German, along with some attention to the more sparsely attested languages. The sounds and inflections of the oldest Germanic languages are compared, with a view to reconstructing the forms they took in Proto-Germanic and comparing those reconstructed forms with what is known of the Indo-European protolanguage. Students will find the book an informative introduction and a bibliographically instructive point of departure for intensive research in the numerous issues that remain profoundly contested in early Germanic language history.

Carl Strehlow’s 1909 Comparative Heritage Dictionary

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ISBN: 9781760462062 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CSCHD.08.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Bibliography --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
License: ANU Press

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Carl Strehlow’s comparative dictionary manuscript is a unique item of Australian cultural heritage; it is a large collection of circa 7,600 Aranda, 6,800 Loritja (Luritja) and 1,200 Dieri to German entries compiled at the beginning of the twentieth century at the Hermannsburg Mission in central Australia. It is an integral part of Strehlow’s ethnographic work on Aboriginal cultures that his German editor Baron Moritz von Leonhardi published as Die Aranda- und Loritja-Stämme in Zentral-Australien (Strehlow 1907–1920) in Frankfurt. Strehlow and his editor had planned to publish a language study that included this comparative dictionary, but it remained unpublished until now due to a number of complicated historical and personal circumstances of the main characters involved with the dictionary. Strehlow’s linguistic work is historically and anthropologically significant because it probably represents the largest and most comprehensive wordlist of Indigenous languages compiled in Australia during the early stages of contact. It is an important primary source for Luritja and Aranda speakers. Both languages are spoken in homes and taught in schools in central Australia. The reasons for presenting this work as a heritage dictionary—that is, as an exact transcription of the original form of the handwritten manuscript—are to follow the Western Aranda people’s wishes and to maintain its historical authenticity, which will prove to be of great use to both Indigenous people and scholars interested in language.

Keywords

Dictionary --- languages --- linguistics

Studies in Multilingualism, Lingua Franca and Lingua Sacra

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Book Series: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge Studies ISBN: 9783945561133 Year: Pages: 543 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access Max Planck Institute for the History of Science Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 323596
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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The present book comprises a number of studies centered around the topic of how knowledge diffuses from one culture to another, and how knowledge diffusion is connected with the spread of languages and the conceptual systems they carry by translation. This diffusion also takes place also over linguistic borders, in the way that a given receiving language may also absorb systems of knowledge from languages that are linguistically quite unrelated but culturally connected with respect to knowledge transfer. Thus we find that Sumerian concepts with considerable impact were moved into the Akkadian language, along with writing-systems, religion, science and literature, even though linguistically the languages are completely unrelated. Another example is how Chinese culture and writing systems spread throughout East Asia into Korea, Japan and Vietnam, though the languages of these countries were linguistically unrelated to Chinese. The same case can be made for Buddhist ways of thinking when it was clothed in the garb of Chinese or Tibetan, or one of the other languages along the Silk Road. This is also true for the spread of Manicheism, as it was portrayed in a great number of languages, related or unrelated. German and Latin are linguistically related, but when Latin learning was communicated in Old High German, many of its terms were created in Middle German to accommodate the Latin conceptual world, and the German language was lastingly enriched with novisms denoting concepts of the Classical traditions of learning, in a process parallel to the spread of Greek Christianity into the East European cultures and languages. The book describes some cases of such knowledge transfer and what kind of mechanisms are involved in the ensuing language changes in the receiving languages and cultures.

Keywords

Multilingualism --- culture --- languages

Pfade in die Krise

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ISBN: 9783737008358 Year: DOI: 10.14220/9783737008358 Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103502
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-06 11:01:02
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Why is it so diffcult for companies like Schlecker to leave once chosen paths of strategic development at the right time, and to rearrange their strategies when faced with new environmental challenges? This paper shows with a perspective on organizational path dependence theory how economic und social mechanisms might favour the reproduction of established strategies - and at the same time complicate leaving the strategical development paths even more. The part of familial influence on decision processes is researched and the factor of family in the formation of strategic path dependence is inquired based on qualitative case studies.

On the Border of Language and Dialect

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Linguistica ISBN: 9789518580037 9789522229168 9789518580037 9789518580044 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.21435/sflin.21 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:41
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"This volume considers the linguistic borders between languages and dia­lects, as well as the administrative, cultural and mental borders that reflect or affect linguistic ones; it comprises eight articles examining the mental borders between dialects, dialect continua and areas of mixed dialect, language ideologies, language mixing and contact-induced language change. The book opens with Dennis R. Preston’s review article on per­ceptual dialectology, showing how this field of study provides insights on laymen’s perceptions about dialect boundaries, and how such perceptions explain regional and social variation. Johanna Laakso problematizes the common notion of languages as having clear-cut boundaries and stresses the artificialness and conventionality of linguistic borders. Vesa Koivisto introduces the Border Karelian dialects as an example of language and dialect mixing. Marjatta Palander and Helka Riionheimo’s article examines the mental boundaries between Finnish and Karelian, demonstrated by the informants when recalling their fading memories of a lost mother tongue. Niina Kunnas focuses on how speakers of White Sea Karelian perceive the boundaries between their language and other varieties. Within the framework of language ideology, Tamás Péter Szabó highlights the ways in which linguistic borders are interactionally (co)constructed in the school environment in Hungary and Finland. Anna-Riitta Lindgren and Leena Niiranen present a contact-linguistic study investigating the vocabulary of Kven, a variety lying on the fuzzy boundary of a language and a dialect. Finally, Vesa Jarva and Jenni Mikkonen approach demographically manifested linguistic boundaries by examining the Old Helsinki slang, a mixture of lexical features derived from Finnish and Swedish. Together, the articles paint a picture of a multidimensional, multilingual, variable and ever-changing linguistic reality where diverse borders, boundaries and barriers meet, intertwine and cross each other. As a whole, the articles also seek to cross disciplinary and methodological boundaries and present new perspectives on earlier studies.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;

Middlebrow Matters

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Book Series: Contemporary French and Francophone Cultures ISBN: 9781786941565 9781786949523 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102590
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 06:28:25
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Middlebrow is a derogatory word that connotes blandness, mediocrity and a failed aspiration to ‘high’ culture. However, when appropriated as a positive term to denote that wide swathe of literature between the challenging experimentalism of the high and the formulaic drive of the popular, it enables a rethinking of the literary canon from the point of view of what most readers actually read, a criterion curiously absent from dominant definitions of literary value. Since women have long formed a majority of the nation’s reading public, this perspective immediately feminises what has always been a very male canon. Opening with a theorisation of the concept of middlebrow that mounts a defence of some literary qualities disdained by modernism, the book then focuses on a series of case studies of periods (the Belle Époque, inter-war, early twenty-first century), authors (including Colette, Irène Nemirovsky, Françoise Sagan, Anna Gavalda) and the middlebrow nature of literary prizes.

Frères Ennemis

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ISBN: 9781786941329 978786949356 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102591
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 06:28:25
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Frères Ennemis ocuses on Franco-American tensions as portrayed in works of literature. An Introduction is followed by nine chapters, each focused on a French or American literary text which shows the evolution/devolution of the relations between the two nations at a particular point in time. While the heart of the analysis consists of close textual readings, social, cultural and political contexts are introduced to provide a better understanding of the historical reality influencing the individual novels, a reality to which these novels are also responding. Chapters One through Five, covering a period from the mid-1870s to the end of the Cold War, discuss significant aspects of the often fraught relationship from the theoretical perspective of Roland Barthes’ theory of modern myth, described in his Mythologies. Barthes’ theory helps situate Franco-American tensions in a paradigmatic structure, while at the same time it is supple enough to allow for shifts and reversals within the paradigm. Subsequent chapters explore new French attitudes toward the powerful, potentially dominant influence of American culture on French life. In these sections I argue that recent French fiction displays more openness to the American experience than has existed in the past, and as such contrasts with the more static American approach to French culture.

Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule in den Bundesländern Deutschlands

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ISBN: 9783631744024 9783631748459 9783631748466 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b13457 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103689
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
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Die Studie zum Fremdsprachenunterricht in deutschen Grundschulen bietet einen Überblick über Bundesländergrenzen hinweg in eine heterogene Bildungslandschaft, die von erheblichen curricularen Unterschieden und Widersprüchen geprägt ist. Neben dieser Bestandsaufnahme zeigen die Autoren auf, welche bildungspolitischen und fachdidaktischen Ausgestaltungen Fachleute aus Hochschulen, Landesinstituten und Schulen als sinnvoll und wünschenswert erachten. Ihr Meinungsbild erlaubt es, bundesländerübergreifende Konzepte für die qualitative Weiterentwicklung des frühen Fremdsprachenunterrichts zu entwickeln, daraus resultierende Implikationen für Lehreraus- und Fortbildung zu beleuchten und so letztlich eine Basis für nationale Mindeststandards für den Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule zu bieten.

Sprache, politische Ökonomie und Legitimität

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ISBN: 9783847108856 9783737008853 Year: DOI: 10.14220/9783737008853 Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103608
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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Aktuelle Diskurse zelebrieren Zweisprachigkeit als Wirtschaftsgut und Schlüssel zum Erfolg auf dem Arbeitsmarkt. Anhand der ethnographischen Untersuchung der wirtschaftlichen Nutzung der lokalen Zweisprachigkeit in der Tourismusindustrie der Stadt Murten an der deutsch-französischen Sprachgrenze in der Schweiz geht die Autorin diesen Diskursen empirisch auf den Grund. Aus einer kritischen soziolinguistischen Perspektive beleuchtet sie die Sprachensituation in touristischen Marketingdiskursen sowie die Bedeutung von Zweisprachigkeit im touristischen Arbeitsmarkt und in Stadtführungen. Dieser Band zeigt die variable (De-)Konstruktion geopolitischer Sprachgrenzen sowie sozialer Kategorien von SprecherInnen. Die Arbeit eröffnet neue Perspektiven auf die Dynamik der Politökonomie von Sprache(n) und der Legitimität ihrer SprecherInnen im Kontext der Neuen Wirtschaft.

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