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Chapter 24 FOOD AS COMMONS (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781351665520 9781138062627 9781315161495 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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Abstract

This book was motivated by the need to approach with a fresh look what we regard as perhaps
the most embarrassing
predicament of the Anthropocene/Capitalocene (Capra and Mattei,
2015, Altvater et al., 2016, Moore, 2017). We live in an era with roughly the same number (about
one billion) of over-fed people and of people lacking access to nutritious food (which means
that do not know in the morning if they will be able to feed themselves and their children during
the day). Our era also stands out by the remarkable amount of food that is wasted in some
parts of the world and by the unprecedented number of livestock that populates this planet
(Patel and Moore, 2017). Moreover, in the current phase of neoliberal capitalism that dominates
in the Anthropocene/Capitalocene, the ecological footprint is out of control; some rich people
(the majority in the Global North and the elite in the Global South) can enjoy every day food
shipped from thousands of miles away on gas gulping aircrafts and boats that pollute the environment
beyond imagination. Such luxury, the result of the worldwide colonization of diets,
would be impossible without a very significant environmental subsidy; if all the externalities
had to be internalized, eating Nile Perch would be unaffordable to most people everywhere.
The subsidy is ultimately paid by the poor in the South and, in general, will certainly be paid
by future generations. Unless we deal with and avoid the hidden social and environmental costs
that are so far unaccounted for in the hegemonic food system (TEEB, 2018)

Keywords

Food --- commons --- public --- civic --- private

Oeffentlich-private Finanzierung von Infrastruktur in Entwicklungslaendern und deren Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion

Author:
Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631583197 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3726/b13963 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:22
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Die Dissertation ist an der Schnittstelle von Betriebswirtschaftslehre und Entwicklungsökonomie angesiedelt. Basierend auf einem Multimethodenansatz werden jeweils zwei Fallstudien in Vietnam und auf den Philippinen aus beiden Perspektiven dargestellt. Der entwicklungsökonomische Teil der Arbeit umfasst die Darstellung von Good Governance und Global Governance. Anschließend werden die Auswirkungen von ausländischen Direktinvestitionen und von Energie- und Straßeninfrastruktur auf Wirtschaftswachstum und Armutsreduktion diskutiert. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Darstellung von Public Private Partnerships. Keine Fallstudie liefert einen direkten langfristigen Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion, aber sie tragen zum Wirtschaftswachstum bei. Zusammenfassend kann festgehalten werden, dass die positiven Auswirkungen von privat finanzierter Infrastruktur auf die Armutsreduktion überschätzt werden.

Grenzen der Versicherbarkeit

Author:
Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631337066 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3726/b13606 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:40
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Die Massenarbeitslosigkeit beherrscht die aktuelle politische Diskussion in Deutschland und ist in hohem Maße verantwortlich für die zunehmende Verschlechterung der Finanzsituation der Systeme der sozialen Sicherung. Die gesetzliche Arbeitslosenversicherung wird auch als eine der Ursachen für die zu konstatierende Persistenz der Arbeitslosigkeit auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt angesehen. Neben der Kritik am bisherigen System hat das Angebot einer privaten Arbeitslosenversicherung in Deutschland die Diskussion sowohl über die Privatisierung der gesetzlichen Arbeitslosenversicherung als auch über die Vorteilhaftigkeit einer privaten Zusatzversicherung forciert. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird eine wirtschaftstheoretische Analyse über die Grenzen der Versicherbarkeit, konkret über die Möglichkeiten einer privaten Arbeitslosenversicherung vorgenommen.

The State, Business and Education: Public-Private Partnerships Revisited

Authors: ---
Book Series: NORRAG Series on International Education and Development ISBN: 9781788970327 9781788970334 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.4337/9781788970334
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-18 12:35:21
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Businesses, philanthropies and non-profit entities are increasingly successful in capturing public funds to support private provision of schooling in developed and developing countries. Coupled with market-based reforms that include weak regulation, control over workforces, standardization of processes and economies of scale, private provision of schooling is often seen to be convenient for both public authorities and businesses. This book examines how the public subsidization of these forms of private education affects quality, equality and the realization of human rights.With original research from leading experts, The State, Business and Education sheds light on the privatization of education in fragile circumstances. It illustrates the ways in which private actors have expanded their involvement in education as a business, and shows the influence of policy borrowing on the spread of for-profit education. Case studies from Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India and Syrian refugee camps illustrate the ways in which private actors have expanded their involvement in education as a business.This book will be of interest not only to academics and students of international and comparative education, but also to education development professionals in both the private and public sectors, with its empirical assessment of case studies, and careful consideration of the lessons to be learned from each.

Bereicherung und Schadenersatz im Immaterialgüterrecht

Author:
ISBN: 9783709700631 Year: Pages: 211 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Jan Sramek Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund (FWF) - PUB 477
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:16

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The special rules on unjust enrichment and damages in intellectual property law are subject of a discussion where representatives of civil law criticise them as incoherent in the general system of civil law and representatives of intellectual property law justify this incoherence with their practical utility. This book shows that it is important to bring general civil law in dialogue with the rules of “special private law” in order to link practical utility and theoretical coherence and to realize pragmatic solutions for certain cases within the frame of a coherent legal system.

Versorgungsstrukturen und Finanzierungsoptionen auf dem Pruefstand

Authors: ---
Book Series: Allokation im marktwirtschaftlichen System ISBN: 9783631549049 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3726/b14111 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:15
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In diesem Band der Bad Orber Gespräche 2004 diskutieren prominente Vertreter der gesetzlichen und privaten Krankenversicherung, der Krankenhausträger und der Politik, wie sie mit wettbewerblichen Mitteln die effiziente Versorgung durch Strukturverbesserungen erreichen und gleichzeitig die eigentliche Ursache der mangelnden Effizienz des Gesundheitswesens, nämlich die nicht angemessene Indikationsstellung ärztlichen Handelns, in den Griff bekommen können. Der Sammelband enthält die erweiterten Referate eines interdisziplinären Workshops zu Versorgungsstrukturen und Finanzierungsoptionen auf dem Prüfstand. Behandelt wurden die beiden Themenkreise integrierte Versorgung und Disease-Management-Programme sowie Finanzierungsoptionen.

Agency Theory: Methodology, Analysis

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631529737 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3726/b13920 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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Designing a contract is often more of an economic than a legal problem. A good contract protects parties against opportunistic behavior while providing motivation to cooperate. This is where economics and, especially contract theory, may prove helpful by enhancing our understanding of incentive issues. The purpose of this book is to provide specific tools which will help to write better contracts in real world environments. Concentrating on moral hazard literature, this book derives a tentative checklist for drafting contracts. As an economic contribution to a field traditionally considered an art rather than a science, this treatment also gives much attention to methodological issues.

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